Augustus and the Creation of the Roman Empire: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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During his long reign of near-absolute power, Caesar Augustus established the Pax Romana, which gave Rome two hundred years of peace and social stability, and established an empire that would endure for five centuries and transform the history of Europe and the Mediterranean. Ronald Mellor offers a collection of primary sources featuring multiple viewpoints of the rise, achievements, and legacy of Augustus and his empire. His cogent introduction to the history of the Age of Augustus encourages students to examine such subjects as the military in war and peacetime, the social and cultural context of political change, the reform of administration, and the personality of the emperor himself. Document headnotes, a list of contemporary literary sources, a glossary of Greek and Latin terms, a chronology, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography offer additional pedagogical support.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312404697
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 7/8/2005
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Sales rank: 532,370
  • Product dimensions: 7.09 (w) x 8.34 (h) x 0.37 (d)

Meet the Author

RONALD MELLOR (Ph.D., Princeton University) is professor of ancient history at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he served as chair of the history department from 1992 to 1997. Centering his research on ancient religion and Roman historiography, Professor Mellor has written seven books: The Roman Historians (1999); Text and Tradition: Studies in Greek History and Historiography in Honor of Mortimer Chambers (ed. 1999); The Historians of Ancient Rome (ed. 1997); Tacitus: The Classical Heritage (1995); Tacitus (1993); From Augustus to Nero: The First Dynasty of Imperial Rome (ed. 1990); and Thea Rome: The Goddess Roma in the Greek World (1975). Professor Mellor is the statewide Principal Investigator of the California History-Social Science Project, which brings university faculty together with K-12 teachers.

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Table of Contents


A Note about the Text
List of Illustrations

Introduction: From Octavian to Augustus
The Collapse of the Roman Republic
The Rise of Octavian
Augustus as Princeps
The New Constitution
Creating a New Elite: Senators and Equestrians
Social and Religious Reform
The Army in War and Peace
Italy and the Provinces
The Imperial Family and Succession
"A City of Marble"
The Golden Age of Latin Literature
The Death and Legacy of Augustus
The Evaluation of Augustus
Principal Literary Sources for the Age of Augustus

The Documents
1. The Rise of Octavian
1. Augustus, The Achievements of Augustus, 14 CE
2. Nicolaus of Damascus, On Julius Caesar's Admiration for the Young Octavius, 20s BCE
3. Suetonius, On the Ides of March: The Assassination of Julius Caesar, Second Century CE
4. Appian, On Octavian's First Confrontation with Antony, Second Century CE
5. Marcus Tullius Cicero, Letters Revealing His Views of Young Octavian, 44 BCE
6. Appian, On the Second Triumvirate, Second Century C.E.
7. Tacitus, A Senatorial View of the Civil War, Second Century CE
8. Plutarch, On Cleopatra's Seduction of Mark Antony, Second Century CE
9. Cassius Dio, On Octavian's Propaganda against Antony, Third Century CE.
10. Suetonius, On Antony's Propaganda against Octavian in 34 BCE, Second Century CE
11. Cassius Dio, On the Conquest of Egypt, Third Century CE

2. Augustus as Princeps
12. Suetonius, On the Restoration of the Republic, Second Century CE
13. Cassius Dio, On the Illness of Augustus in 23 BCE, Third Century CE
14. Suetonius, Some Anecdotes and Descriptions concerning Augustus, Second Century CE
15. Macrobius, On Augustus' Sense of Humor, Fifth Century CE

3. The New Constitution
16. Cassius Dio, How Agrippa and Maecenas Gave Political Advice to Augustus, Third Century CE
17. The Law Bestowing Power on the Emperor, January 70 CE

4. Creating a New Elite: Senators and Equestrians
18. Suetonius, How Augustus Revised the Membership of the Senate, Second Century CE
19. The Town of Superaequum Honors a Local Man Who Became a Senator, Early First Century CE
20. A Town in Asia Honors a Roman Administrator, 6 CE

5. Social and Religious Reform
21. Suetonius, On How Augustus Must be Worshipped with the Goddess Roma, Second Century CE
22. Josephus, On King Herod's Construction of a Temple to Roma and Augustus, Late First Century CE
23. Suetonius, On Augustus’ Restoration of Temples and Revival of Religious Rituals, Second Century CE
24. The City of Narbo Celebrates the Emperor's Birthday, 11 CE
25. Cassius Dio, On Augustus' Speech in Favor of Marriage, Third Century CE
26. Roman Law Codes, Details of Augustan Legislation on Adultery and Marriage, Sixth Century CE
27. Funeral Oration for an Exceptional Wife, Late First Century BCE
28. Dionysius of Halicarnassus, On How the Emancipation of Roman Slaves Corrupts the Citizen Body, 8 BCE
29. Gaius, On Augustan Laws Restricting the Freeing of Slaves, Second Century CE

6. The Army in War and Peace
30. Velleius Paterculus, On the Annihilation of Rome's German Legions, First Century CE
31. Suetonius, On Augustus' Reaction to News of the Disaster in Germany, Second Century CE

7. Italy and the Provinces
32. Tacitus, On the Administration of the Empire, Second Century CE
33. Suetonius, On How Augustus Showed Great Respect for Greek Culture, Second Century CE
34. Cassius Dio, On How Augustus "Shared" Provincial Government with the Senate, Third Century CE
35. Imperial Edicts for the Government of Cyrene, 7 BCE
36. Josephus, On Augustus' Confirmation of the Rights of Jewish Communities, Late First Century CE
37. Philo of Alexandria, On Augustus' Benevolence toward Rome's Jews, 39 CE
38. The Gospel According to Luke, On the Birth of Jesus of Nazareth, About 80 CE

8. The Imperial Family and Succession
39. Suetonius, On the Grandchildren of Augustus, Second Century CE
40. Tacitus, On Augustus, Livia and Their Family, Second Century CE
41. Aulus Gellius, A Letter from Augustus to His Grandson Gaius, Second Century CE
42. Cassius Dio, How Livia Gives Advice to Augustus, Third Century CE
43. Suetonius, A Report on Letters between Augustus and Tiberius, Second Century CE
44. Suetonius, Augustus Asks Livia: "What Should We Do about Claudius?" Second Century CE

9. "City of Marble" — Augustan Culture
45. Horace, I Came, I Fought, I Ran, 23 BCE
46. Horace, Rejoice: The Egyptian Queen is Dead, 23 BCE
47. Horace, Augustus Has Brought Peace, 13 BCE
48. Virgil, A Description of the Battle of Actium, 19 BCE
49. Ovid, On Jupiter's Praise of Augustus, 8 CE
50. Vitruvius, On How Augustus Was Patron of the Arts, 23 BCE
51. Suetonius, On the Emperor as a Builder, Second Century CE
52. Strabo, A Greek View of Augustan Rome, 20 CE

10. The Death and Legacy of Augustus
53. Suetonius, On the Death and Funeral of Augustus, Second Century CE
54. Cassius Dio, Another Account of Augustus' Death, Third Century CE
55. Tacitus, On the Funeral of Augustus, Second Century CE
56. Seneca, On the Clemency of Augustus, 55 CE
57. Velleius Paterculus, A Soldier's View of Augustus, 29 CE
58. Pliny the Elder, On the Trials and Tribulations of an Emperor, 75 CE
59. Philo of Alexandria, Jewish Praise for Augustus, 39 CE

A Glossary of Greek and Latin Terms
A Chronology of Events Relating to Caesar Augustus and the Roman Empire (63 BCE–1453 CE)
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography


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