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In a compelling narrative, acclaimed historian Frank Welsh traces the history of the land from scattered convict settlements to the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 and on to today's thriving independent nation, exposing many national myths in the process. This book also explores the dark side of Australia's history: the long-continued "White Australia" policy, which bedeviled foreign policy for more than a century; the still-tortured official relationship with the Aboriginal peoples; the subordination of women; and the flaws in the constitution. Also examined is Australia's uneasy relationship with its Asian neighbors, and its isolation from Britain and the United States, its traditional allies.
Original, provocative, and witty, Australia is the most comprehensive single-volume history of Australia yet published. It makes a strong claim to becoming the standard work on this fascinating and often misunderstood country.
Australia List of Illustrations and Maps
1. Terra Australis Nondum Cognita
The Land and the People
'Matter of advantageous Return'
2. The New Australians
'The Finest Harbour in the Universe'
'The Dread of Perishing by Famine'
'The Disordered and Helpless' An Irish Parenthesis Mr. Boston's Sow Pure Bred Merinos
'A long era of opulence and peace'
'Kind ruler, husband, father, friend—What more can human nature blend?'
3. Whigs and Tories
'A body of really respectable Settlers'
'A perfect martinet'
A Letter from Sydney
'People whose proprietary title to the soil we have not the slightest grounds for disputing'
4. Occupied Notices
'The moral Governor of the world will hold us accountable'
The Black War
'Persons of violent uncontrollable passions'
Batman's Colony Real Black Gentlemen
'The whole of New Holland'
A Nonconformist Eden Moreton Bay and Places North
5. Representative Government
'Extravagant and absurd pretensions'
'If you wouldn't become a kangaroo'
A Convenient Change of Nomenclature
'Extreme inconvenience and loss'
The Systematic Violation of the Law
6. The Capacity to Govern Themselves
'The freedom and the institutions of the mother country'
Victoria Victorious Gold Eureka
| 7. The Transition to Responsible Government
New South Wales Cocky Farmers
'Constitution-tinkering is here continual'
South Australia Tasmania Queensland
8. Exploration and Expansion
Waiting 'for something to turn up'
South Australia's Delusions of Grandeur
'They must act in the matter as they please'
'A happy application of good sense'
'The magnitude of their ideas is appalling'
The Federal Council The Great Depression A Second Commonwealth Republicans and Nationalists The True History of the Kelly Gang Sport
'What will it cost us to join?'
'To assist and explain'
10. The Commonwealth Feels its Way
'That's the Empire . . . And that's what I'm painting'
'A working man's paradise'
Votes for Women A Two-Party System Defence
11. War and Peace
'The liberties of the smaller nations'
What, it might be asked, was it all for?
'That's about the size of it, Mr. President'
Setting the Mould Labor's Death Wish Bridges and Bowlers Recovery The Far East is our Near North Ambling Along
12. The Second World War and its Aftermath
A Public Lynching The Home Front Foreign Affairs Menzies is Back Australia in Asia
13. The Shadows of Vietnam
A Third Force New Alliances
Menzies' Big Mistake The Second Eleven
'Smoothing the pillow of a dying race'
14. It's Time
Crashing Through and Out Was the Ref. Fixed?
Britain Declares Independence The Liberals Return New Labor At Last
15. The Coalition Strikes Back
Appendix: Australian and British rulers Notes Bibliography Index