Autism: A Sensorimotor Approach to Management / Edition 1

Autism: A Sensorimotor Approach to Management / Edition 1

by Ruth A. Huebner
     
 

ISBN-10: 0834216450

ISBN-13: 9780834216457

Pub. Date: 11/28/2000

Publisher: PRO-ED, Incorporated

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780834216457
Publisher:
PRO-ED, Incorporated
Publication date:
11/28/2000
Pages:
493
Product dimensions:
7.26(w) x 10.26(h) x 1.23(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Contributorsxi
Prefacexiii
Acknowledgmentsxvii
Part 1Understanding Autism and the Sensorimotor Findings in Autism1
Chapter 1Introduction and Basic Concepts3
Introduction3
Historical and Current Concepts in Understanding Autism4
The Principles of Occupational Therapy12
Basic Concepts of the Sensorimotor Approach17
The Foundations of Sensory Integration21
Cautions for Professionals and Parents33
Conclusion35
Chapter 2Diagnostic Assessment of Autistic Disorder41
Introduction41
Classification Systems42
Other Diagnostic/Classification Approaches46
Diagnostic Procedures48
Differential Diagnosis51
How Early Can the Diagnosis Be Made?53
Competency Enhancement54
Conclusion55
Chapter 3Neuropsychological Findings, Etiology, and Implications for Autism61
Introduction61
Methods of Studying Neurological Function63
Research Findings Specific to Autism67
Theories of Etiology86
Discussion89
Part 2Foundations of the Sensorimotor Approach to Management in Autism101
Chapter 4Assessment of Individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder Utilizing a Sensorimotor Approach103
Introduction103
Rationale for Sensorimotor Assessment104
Evaluation Considerations106
Components of a Comprehensive Assessment of Sensorimotor Functions109
Specialized Instruments for Individuals with Autism with a Sensorimotor Component130
Use of Assessment Data for Program and Intervention Planning132
Conclusion133
Chapter 5The Efficacy of a Sensorimotor Treatment Approach by Occupational Therapists139
Introduction and Definition of Terminology139
The Research on the Effects of Sensorimotor Treatment148
Implications of These Findings for Treatment and Research170
Chapter 6Sensory Integration in Child-Centered Therapy179
Introduction and Basic Tenets179
Therapeutic Environment181
Applications for Sensory Processing Dysfunction182
Case Study200
Chapter 7Sensorimotor Aspects of Attachment and Social Relatedness in Autism209
Introduction209
Overview of Attachment Theory211
Specific Findings in Autism223
Intervention Strategies for Improving Attachment and Social Relatedness231
Conclusion239
Part 3Application of the Sensorimotor Approach245
Chapter 8Integration of Sensorimotor and Neurodevelopmental Approaches247
Introduction and Basic Premises247
Case Study254
Treatment of Children with Autism in the Home Setting258
Conclusion259
Chapter 9Integration of Sensorimotor and Speech-Language Therapy263
Sensorimotor Challenges and Their Impact on Children's Communication Skills263
Treatment Principles of Joint Occupational and Speech-Language Therapy264
Strategies That Are Used within the Joint Therapy Sessions To Encourage Communication264
Case Study267
Chapter 10Facilitating Social Communication through the Sensorimotor Approach275
Introduction to Social Communication275
Aspects of Social Communication276
Identifying Problems in Social Communication279
Facilitating Social Communication280
Conclusion282
Chapter 11Integration of Sensorimotor and Psychoeducational/Behavioral Interventions285
The Historical Involvement of Psychiatry and Psychology with Autism285
Current Best Practice in Psychological/Behavioral Intervention in Autism287
Distinctions between Behavioral and Sensorimotor Approaches288
Applications for Integrated Sensorimotor and Behavioral Methods289
Conclusion293
Chapter 12Integration of the Sensorimotor Approach within the Classroom297
Introduction297
Prerequisite to Learning298
Case Study305
Chapter 13Play: Engaging Young Children with Austism313
Introduction313
Defining Play314
The Nature of Play in Autism: Strengths and Weaknesses316
Play Assessment325
Play Interventions328
Conclusion345
Part 4Applications of the Sensorimotor Approach to Improve Function353
Chapter 14Sensory Applications for Sleep and Toilet Training355
Introduction355
Sleep356
Toileting357
Management Strategies358
Chapter 15Assistive Technology for Persons with Autism365
Introduction365
Decision-Making Model for Assistive Technology366
Creating a Positive Child-Technology Interface369
Assistive Technology To Enhance Performance in Daily Tasks and Activities378
Conclusion385
Appendix 15-AProduct Manufacturer Information387
Chapter 16Employment Options and Techniques in Autism391
Introduction391
Employment Supports and Options392
When To Begin394
Person-Centered Approach to Life Planning396
Financial Incentives and Disincentives397
Specific Techniques To Improve Employment Outcomes397
Appendix 16-AAdditional Resources405
Part 5The Experience of Autism from A Personal Perspective407
Chapter 17Parenting, Advocacy, and Living a Full Life409
Labels and More Labels, Why Label?409
Visibility, Diagnosis, and Treatment411
Five Common but Inaccurate Starting Attitudes414
What Can We All Do?418
Intervention Needs and Approaches418
Chapter 18My Greatest Wish: "I Must Play! I Must Play! I Must Play!"423
Why Play?423
A Goal of Play424
All Work and No Play!425
When Do You Play?427
Play and Sensory Needs in the Community428
How Can We Play?430
The Rita Guide on How To Select Toys432
Play Toys and Activities432
Patience, Perfectionism, and More Play439
Conclusion442
Chapter 19The Effects of the Autism Experience on Life View and Philosophy: A Glimpse from One Side of the Looking Glass443
Introduction and Context443
Stories of Parents and Siblings446
Stories by Adults with Autism463
Chapter 20Living with Sensory Dysfunction in Autism469
Introduction469
Tactile470
Vestibular471
Proprioception472
Oral473
Auditory473
Visual474
Olfactory475
Conclusion475
Index479

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