Autism Solutions: How to Create a Healthy and Meaningful Life for Your Child [NOOK Book]

Overview

For twenty years Dr. Ricki Robinson has been providing hope and help for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Her integrative, strengths-based approach to treatment includes a thorough evaluation of your child's medical, developmental, social, emotional, behavioral and educational issues to find the solutions that maximize your child's health and well-being.

Autism Solutions gives parents a greater understanding of their child's unique ...

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Autism Solutions: How to Create a Healthy and Meaningful Life for Your Child

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Overview

For twenty years Dr. Ricki Robinson has been providing hope and help for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Her integrative, strengths-based approach to treatment includes a thorough evaluation of your child's medical, developmental, social, emotional, behavioral and educational issues to find the solutions that maximize your child's health and well-being.

Autism Solutions gives parents a greater understanding of their child's unique learning, sensory and medical profile. Recognizing that no parent can do this alone, Dr. Robinson explains how to establish a team of professionals who can work with the child to give him or her the opportunity to live well, learn, interact and thrive.

Autism Solutions covers a wide range of issues, including:

• Helping your child relate, communicate and think

• Recognizing and overcoming common health challenges

• Effectively treating diseases and disorders that frequently accompany autism

• Understanding how behavior can be a form of communication and how to "hear" what a child is telling you

• Unlocking your child's full potential

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
In the introduction to this comprehensive resource on how to deal with autism, California pediatrician Robinson recounts her first encounter with the syndrome 20 years ago. At the time considered rare, today autism spectrum disorder affects one in 110 children in America, she states. Robinson vowed to find help for her first autistic patient and accompanied the child's parents to a meeting with pre-eminent child psychiatrist Stanley Greenspan, who wrote the foreword to this book and became Robinson's mentor. In 1998, Robinson decided to devote her entire practice to children with ASD and within months her wait list had grown to more than 1,000. In six parts, Robinson discusses autism's symptoms and possible causes, sensory-motor systems, evaluation and treatment plans, communication issues, medical concerns, and how to help the autistic child live a meaningful life. Robinson writes with authority and compassion, pointing out that with a properly devised individual treatment plan (she uses Greenspan's model, called "Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based (DIR)/Floortime," a multidisciplinary approach to evaluation and treatment), all of her clients have made progress, including her first autistic patient, now in college. With her background in pediatric medicine, the author is particularly attuned to medical and behavioral issues that can complicate autism (i.e., allergies, sleep issues, recurrent infections, anxiety). This is a useful and reassuring text for families facing the disorder. (Apr.)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781426888953
  • Publisher: Harlequin
  • Publication date: 4/1/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Original
  • Pages: 320
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author


RICKI G. ROBINSON, M.D., M.P.H., is a founding member of Cure Autism Now, and currently serves on the scientific advisory

board of Autism Speaks, the world’s largest autism advocacy organization. She is also a co-director of the Descanso Medical Center for Development and Learning in LaCanada, California, a practice devoted to children and families affected by Autism Spectrum Disorders. She has appeared on the Today show, Larry King Live and Good America Health.

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Read an Excerpt

Pediatricians bring hope and help to our patients. We have the expertise gained through education and training to lend help to those in need. We provide assistance and information, formulate plans and support parents and children to give them hope. For children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and their families, however, help and hope are not always easy to find.

Although I considered myself a well-trained and experienced pediatrician, when I encountered my first child with an autism diagnosis twenty years ago, I had little knowledge of it. When I first met Ryan and his family, whom you will meet through these pages, autism was about to emerge in epidemic proportions far exceeding professional understanding and services. Those services that were available tended to be education based but not medically based. Most doctors, including myself, were woefully underprepared to help these families. However, the networks I had built over the years afforded me access to a wide range of contacts. Casting a wide net across the country, I eventually obtained information to help support not only Ryan but also, ultimately, many children with ASD.

My search led to Drs. Stanley I. Greenspan and Serena Wieder, who proved to be superb mentors. They introduced me to the DIR model, a unique developmental approach to assessing and interacting with children, especially those who have delays. As I observed this treatment approach for the first time in my journey, I saw children with autism who were joyful, relating and communicating with their families—each in their own ways. This inspired me to adopt this model into my existing medical practice.

By 1998, it seemed that the number of children diagnosed with ASD was increasing daily. This convinced me to devote my practice solely to this group of children. At that time, my pediatric colleagues questioned whether there would be enough work in this field to sustain a viable practice. Within months my new practice "wait list" had grown shockingly to over one thousand children and families in need!

In Autism Solutions, I share my medical and developmental evaluation and treatment paradigm. As I saw more and more children with autism, medical patterns became evident. These children had numerous symptoms, in addition to their significant developmental delays. It was not unusual to find a child with a history of chronic diarrhea or constipation, allergies, potential seizures, severe sleep problems and recurrent infections. Behavior symptoms such as tics, aggression, hyperactivity and impulsivity, as well as debilitating anxiety, were common. Most of these concerns were not addressed by the prevailing explanations for ASD, were largely unrecognized and were poorly treated. Somehow the diagnosis of autism had clouded the fact that these were children who could experience the same childhood illnesses as any other child. It was also possible that certain chronic symptoms might even be related to their autism. In my entire career I had never met a more medically underserved group of children.

This was unacceptable to me. It was time to look at these children through a new lens. Yes, they might have developmental delays but they also showed intelligence (some superior) and untapped capabilities. Often their medical issues derailed their progress. By looking at each child individually, each with his own strengths and challenges, a unique profile could be developed. From this profile, a targeted treatment plan emerged that was tailored to his needs. Working together with families to discover ways they could relate and communicate with their children gave them renewed energy and hope. With increased hope came increased expectations for each child.

Treating a child's medical problems allowed him to feel better. When he felt better, he was more available to interact, develop relationships, get the most from his therapies and, eventually, make great developmental gains. When addressing all of a child's challenges appropriately, I witnessed changes that were unheard of at that time. Once the parents understood how their child interpreted the world, the door was opened to deepening their relationship. To see the happiness they had when their child related and communicated was extremely moving to me. I was convinced then—and more so today—that this powerful approach can significantly impact children's lives.

Research over the past decade continues to confirm the presence of medical issues in children with ASD. Yet in the early 1990s, very little research had been funded in the field of autism. At that time, I was fortunate to meet Jon Shestack and Portia Iverson, parents searching for answers for their son Dov, who had been diagnosed with ASD. They invited me to join the initial group of five, who met around their kitchen table, thinking about ways to stimulate research into the cause of and treatments for ASD. From these meetings (and due in large part to the courage and persistence ofJon and Portia), Cure Autism Now (CAN) was born—now called Autism Speaks. I was fortunate as a CAN board member to be able to immerse myself in the science, meeting many dedicated researchers trying to discover answers to the mysteries of ASD. Also about that time, I joined the founding board of the Interdisciplinary Council on Developmental and Learning Disorders (ICDL), an organization dedicated to educating professionals who work with children with ASD in relationship-based approaches. Through the ICDL November Research Conference and the Summer Institute, I have met and learned from hundreds of devoted professionals. Being privy to the newest in research and learning how to better support these children gave me a unique opportunity to provide the most up-to-date help to the children and their families in my practice.

Doctors learn the art of medicine from their patients, and mine have taught me volumes. I have been so privileged to be a participant in the journey of children with ASD and their families—in some cases for nearly twenty years. Each and every child has taught me over and over again to look beyond their behaviors to their uniqueness. In these pages you will meet many of these children. By addressing their abilities and adjusting their treatment plan to fit their needs over time, I have watched them make astounding progress. I have seen them grow to become related, creative, interesting, empathetic young adults, each blazing his own unique trail—often one never imagined for individuals with ASD. I expect this for your child, too.

Autism Solutions includes information covering both the developmental and medical concerns that parents, families and friends so often seek.

■ Part I introduces autism and its potential causes.

■ Part II reviews the nature of our sensory-motor systems and how an infant's development unfolds, as well as the unique developmental model that allows you to better understand your child's strengths and challenges.

■ Part III presents my approach to the evaluation and development of treatment plans. I hope you will feel as if you are sitting in the office with me as we explore all the potential concerns for your child and help you formulate the necessary elements for his treatment plan, tailored to his needs and the needs of your family.

■ Part IV reviews communication issues—both learning how to interpret your child's behavior as a means to letting you know what he is thinking and feeling, as well as ways to support the most challenged children who have severe motor-planning delays.

■ Part V addresses the medical issues that may affect your child. I have tried to demystify "doctorspeak" so that you will be armed with useful information to help you get appropriate medical care for your child.

In addition, you should be able to ask your doctor the questions most important to solving issues as they come up.

■ Part VI puts all of this into the big picture of why you are working to get your child all the support he needs—so he will be prepared to live a happy and meaningful life.

Most of the concepts are illustrated by stories of children I've seen in my practice. In general, names have been changed to protect their privacy. In most cases, unless a girl is featured in a story, you will notice I have used "he" in describing a child with ASD. This has been done for consistency and simplicity.

As you seek solutions for your child with autism, you should always be in the driver's seat—no one knows your child better than you; no one cares for your child more than you; no one can advocate better for your child than you. This book will give you information that empowers you to remain central to the process. Your journey may be an extended one, with peaks and valleys, but it is one worth taking. May Autism Solutions bring you help and hope as you continue your journey and find the path with the best outcome for your child.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Foreword Stanley I. Greenspan xii

Preface xv

Part I Is It Autism?

1 Ryan 3

2 What Is Autism? 8

3 What Causes Autism? 24

Part II Before Your Child is Evaluated

4 Understanding Social and Emotional Development 41

5 How Your Child Experiences the World Around Him: The Sensory-Motor System in Action 50

6 A Comprehensive Evaluation and Treatment Approach-DIR/Floortime 68

Part III Determining Whether Your Child Has Autism-and Knowing What to Do

7 The Evaluation Process 79

8 Treatment Plans 106

9 Staying on Track 141

10 ASD and the Family 153

Part IV Your Child's Communication Issues

11 Behavior as Communication 171

12 Augmentative and Alternative Communication 184

Part V Your Child's Health

13 Keeping Your Child Healthy 195

14 Medical Conditions and ASD 213

15 ASD and Double Syndromes 218

16 Seizure Disorders in ASD 223

17 Gastrointestinal (GI) Illness 236

18 Allergies and Immunological Disorders 248

19 Sleep Disorders 255

20 Understanding Medication and Its Use in ASD 265

21 Long-Term Medical Complications 298

Part VI Creating a Meaningful Life for Your Child

22 Fostering Independence 307

23 Education 326

24 Sports, Socializing and Relationships 343

25 Transition to Adulthood 354

Epilogue 367

Appendices 368

Resources 389

References 402

Index 420

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