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Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living / Edition 1
     

Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living / Edition 1

by H.R. Maturana
 

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ISBN-10: 9027710163

ISBN-13: 9789027710161

Pub. Date: 08/31/1991

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

What makes a living system a living system? What kind of biological phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? These two questions have been frequently considered, but, in this volume, the authors consider them as concrete biological questions. Their analysis is bold and provocative, for the authors have constructed a systematic theoretical biology which attempts

Overview

What makes a living system a living system? What kind of biological phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? These two questions have been frequently considered, but, in this volume, the authors consider them as concrete biological questions. Their analysis is bold and provocative, for the authors have constructed a systematic theoretical biology which attempts to define living systems not as objects of observation and description, nor even as interacting systems, but as self-contained unities whose only reference is to themselves. The consequence of their investigations and of their living systems as self-making, self-referring autonomous unities, is that they discovered that the two questions have a common answer: living systems are cognitive systems, and living as a process is a process of cognition. The result of their investigations is a completely new perspective of biological (human) phenomena. During the investigations, it was found that a complete linguistic description pertaining to the ‘organization of the living’ was lacking and, in fact, was hampering the reporting of results. Hence, the authors have coined the word ‘autopoiesis’ to replace the expression ‘circular organization’. Autopoiesis conveys, by itself, the central feature of the organization of the living, which is autonomy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789027710161
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
08/31/1991
Series:
Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science Series , #42
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1980
Pages:
146
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.36(d)

Table of Contents

Editorial Preface
General Table Of Contents
Foreword
Introduction (by Professor Maturana)
Biology Of Cognition
Dedication
Table of Contents
I. Introduction
II. The Problem
III. Cognitive Function in General
A. The Observer
B. The Living System
C. Evolution
D. The Cognitive Process
IV. Cognitive Function in Particular
A. Nerve Cells
B. Architecture
C. Function
D. Representation
E. Description
F. Thinking
G. Natural Language
H. Memory and Learning
I. The Observer
V. Problems in the Neurophysiology of Cognition
VI. Conclusions
VII. Post Scriptum
Autopoiesis: The Organization Of The Living
Preface (by Sir Stafford Beer)
Introduction
I. On Machines, living and Otherwise
1. Machines
2. Living Machines
II. Dispensability of Teleonomy
1. Purposelessness
2. Individuality
III. Embodiments of Autopoiesis
1. Descriptive and Causal Notions
2. Molecular Embodiments
3. Origin
IV. Diversity of Autopoiesis
1. Subordination to the Condition of Unity
2. Plasticity of Ontogeny
3. Reproduction, a Complication of the Unity
4. Evolution, a Historical Network
5. Second and Third Order Autopoietic Systems
V. Presence of Autopoiesis
1. Biological Implications
2. Epistemological Implications
3. Cognitive Implications
Appendix: The Nervous System
Glossary
Bibliography
Index Of Names

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