Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization

Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization

by Bernd Heine
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195083873

ISBN-13: 9780195083873

Pub. Date: 09/28/1993

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Offering a new perspective on auxiliaries in particular and language structure in general, this study argues that language cannot be explained satisfactorily with reference to linguistic variables alone; what is required in addition are extra-linguistic parameters relating to how we perceive the world around us, and how we utilize the linguistic resources available

…  See more details below

Overview

Offering a new perspective on auxiliaries in particular and language structure in general, this study argues that language cannot be explained satisfactorily with reference to linguistic variables alone; what is required in addition are extra-linguistic parameters relating to how we perceive the world around us, and how we utilize the linguistic resources available to us to conceptualize our experiences, and to communicate successfully. Rather than a closed, self-contained system, language is an entity that is constantly shaped by such external factors as cognitive forces, pragmatic manipulation, history, etc. These factors are responsible for the emergence of chain-like linguistic structures, and auxiliaries are typical examples of such structures, which Heine describes as grammaticalization chains. A limited number of concrete event schemas are discussed and these schemas are shown to be responsible for much of the linguistic diversity that auxiliary constructions exhibit in the languages of the world.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195083873
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/28/1993
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
6.31(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
1The state of the art3
1.1Problems4
1.2Hypotheses8
1.3Notional domains16
1.4Criteria17
1.5Dependency18
1.6Definitions20
1.7Some properties of auxiliaries22
1.8How to explain auxiliaries?24
2Grammaticalization27
2.1Basic event schemas27
2.2The Overlap Model48
2.3Grammaticalization chains53
2.4The Verb-to-TAM chain53
2.5The chain of grammatical functions66
2.6On defining auxiliaries69
2.7Discussion70
3Some basic issues88
3.1Conceptual shift88
3.2Dependency99
3.3Erosion106
3.4On categorization112
3.5Reanalysis116
3.6On explanation119
4Conclusions130
Notes133
References137
Name Index151
Language Index155
Subject Index157

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >