Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization

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Overview

Offering a new perspective on auxiliaries in particular and language structure in general, this study argues that language cannot be explained satisfactorily with reference to linguistic variables alone; what is required in addition are extra-linguistic parameters relating to how we perceive the world around us, and how we utilize the linguistic resources available to us to conceptualize our experiences, and to communicate successfully. Rather than a closed, self-contained system, language is an entity that is constantly shaped by such external factors as cognitive forces, pragmatic manipulation, history, etc. These factors are responsible for the emergence of chain-like linguistic structures, and auxiliaries are typical examples of such structures, which Heine describes as grammaticalization chains. A limited number of concrete event schemas are discussed and these schemas are shown to be responsible for much of the linguistic diversity that auxiliary constructions exhibit in the languages of the world.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195083873
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 12/28/1993
  • Pages: 176
  • Product dimensions: 6.31 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.76 (d)

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
1 The state of the art 3
1.1 Problems 4
1.2 Hypotheses 8
1.3 Notional domains 16
1.4 Criteria 17
1.5 Dependency 18
1.6 Definitions 20
1.7 Some properties of auxiliaries 22
1.8 How to explain auxiliaries? 24
2 Grammaticalization 27
2.1 Basic event schemas 27
2.2 The Overlap Model 48
2.3 Grammaticalization chains 53
2.4 The Verb-to-TAM chain 53
2.5 The chain of grammatical functions 66
2.6 On defining auxiliaries 69
2.7 Discussion 70
3 Some basic issues 88
3.1 Conceptual shift 88
3.2 Dependency 99
3.3 Erosion 106
3.4 On categorization 112
3.5 Reanalysis 116
3.6 On explanation 119
4 Conclusions 130
Notes 133
References 137
Name Index 151
Language Index 155
Subject Index 157
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