Euripides (c. 480 BC - 406 BC) was a Greek tragedian, one of the three great playwrights of classical Athens (with Aeschylus and Sophocles). Born on Salamis to a merchant father, Euripides trained to be an athlete, but turned to writing comedies and drama. Several of his works won awards in the City Dionysia of Athens. After two disastrous marriages, Euripides became a recluse on Salamis, living in a cave.
Bacchae by Euripidesby Euripides
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Bacchus, the son of Jove by Semele, had made Thebes, his mother's birth-place, his favorite place of abode and worship. Pentheus, the then reigning king, who, as others say, preferred the worship of Minerva, slighted the new God, and persecuted those who celebrated his revels. Upon this, Bacchus excited his mother Agave, together with the sisters of Semele, Autonoe and Ino, to madness, and visiting Pentheus in disguise of a Bacchanal, was at first imprisoned, but, easily escaping from his bonds, he persuaded Pentheus to intrude upon the rites of the Bacchants. While surveying them from a lofty tree, the voice of Bacchus was heard inciting the Bacchants to avenge themselves upon the intruder, and they tore the miserable Pentheus piecemeal. The grief and banishment of Agave for her unwitting offense conclude the play.
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