Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier: The 48 Preludes and Fugues

Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier: The 48 Preludes and Fugues

by David Ledbetter
     
 

ISBN-10: 0300097077

ISBN-13: 9780300097078

Pub. Date: 12/28/2002

Publisher: Yale University Press

"Bach's Well-tempered Clavier (the 48 Preludes and Fugues) stands at the core of baroque keyboard music and has been a model and inspiration for performers and composers ever since it was written. This invaluable guide to the 96 pieces explains Bach's various purposes in compiling the music, describes the rich traditions on which he drew and provides commentaries for…  See more details below

Overview

"Bach's Well-tempered Clavier (the 48 Preludes and Fugues) stands at the core of baroque keyboard music and has been a model and inspiration for performers and composers ever since it was written. This invaluable guide to the 96 pieces explains Bach's various purposes in compiling the music, describes the rich traditions on which he drew and provides commentaries for each prelude and fugue." In his text, David Ledbetter addresses the focal points mentioned by Bach in his original 1722 title page. Drawing on Bach literature over the past three hundred years, he explores German traditions of composition types and Bach's novel expansion of them; explains Bach's instruments and innovations in keyboard technique in the general context of early eighteenth-century developments; reviews instructive and theoretical literature relating to keyboard temperaments from 1680 to 1750; and discusses Bach's pedagogical intent when composing the Well-tempered Clavier. Ledbetter's commentaries on individual preludes and fugues equip readers with the concepts necessary to make their own assessment and include information about the sources when details of notation, ornaments and fingerings have a bearing on performance.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300097078
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2002
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
8.08(w) x 7.94(h) x 1.50(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Contents

List of illustrations....................x
Preface....................xi
Abbreviations....................xv
Introduction....................1
1. The 1722 title-page....................1
2. Genesis and sources....................2
Part One: Concepts ONE Clavier....................13
1. Clavier....................14
2. Harpsichord....................16
3. Clavichord....................18
4. Spinet....................23
5. Organ....................25
6. Lautenwerk....................28
7. Pianoforte....................31
8. Summary....................33
TWO Well-tempered....................35
1. The background to Bach's tunings....................37
2. Bach and tuning to 1722....................41
3. Bach and tuning c.1740....................45
4. Summary....................49
THREE Preludes....................51
1. The Prelude and Fugue as a genre....................51
Book I....................53
2. Prelude traditions....................53
3. The traditional sectional Praeludium....................54
4. Figuration Preludes....................55
5. The Invention principle....................57
6. Sonata, Dance and Ritornello principles....................59
7. Other types....................64
Book II....................67
8. Types in common with Book I....................67
9. Newer types....................68
FOUR Fugues....................72
1. Definition....................72
2. The theoretical background....................73
3. Bach and the term Fugue....................75
4. Rhetoric....................76
5. Expression andcharacter....................80
6. Stile antico....................85
7. Types of invertible counterpoint....................87
8. Genera of counterpoint....................94
9. Verset fugues....................96
10. Partimenti....................98
11. The Concerto principle....................101
FIVE All the Tones and Semitones....................104
1. Circles and labyrinths....................106
2. Key integrity....................111
3. Ut Re Mi....................118
4. Solmisation and the Heavenly Harmony....................120
SIX Bach as Teacher....................126
1. Bach's educational tradition....................127
2. Bach's teaching programme....................129
3. Keyboard technique....................131
4. Composition....................138
Part Two: Commentaries SEVEN Book I....................143
EIGHT Book II....................235
Appendix A: Examples 7.30, 8.9, 8.21....................333
Appendix B: The problem of temperament....................343
Notes....................344
Glossary....................370
Bibliography....................374
Index....................399

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