Background Knowledge: The Missing Piece of the Comprehension Puzzle

Background Knowledge: The Missing Piece of the Comprehension Puzzle

by Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey
     
 

ISBN-10: 0325026556

ISBN-13: 9780325026558

Pub. Date: 08/05/2009

Publisher: Heinemann

"Background knowledge is too often neglected in our push to raise test scores, despite the fact that we know background knowledge is a critical component of comprehension. Background knowledge simply has to become an instructional focus if we want to help students make sense of school. We will lose a generation of learners if we don't act now."

-Douglas

Overview

"Background knowledge is too often neglected in our push to raise test scores, despite the fact that we know background knowledge is a critical component of comprehension. Background knowledge simply has to become an instructional focus if we want to help students make sense of school. We will lose a generation of learners if we don't act now."

-Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey

Why background knowledge?

  • Because the Grapes of Wrath is dry reading if students don't know about the Dust Bowl.
  • Because the Boston Tea Party is a non-event if students don't know loyalists from patriots.
  • Because knowing a triangle has 180 degrees isn't the same as knowing why.

Because content-area comprehension depends on it, you and your students need Background Knowledge.

Douglas Fisher and Nancy Frey help you develop lasting subject-area understanding with ideas for modeling, guided practice, productive group work, and independent work that effectively engage adolescents. You'll learn to:

  • distinguish incidental knowledge from core background knowledge
  • check students' understanding prior to a unit with tools such as opinionnaires, interest surveys, and anticipation guides
  • model how to activate and apply prior knowledge so kids can wrestle with new content
  • build up students' background knowledge through virtual fieldtrips, YouTube, guest experts, and more
  • provide collaborative ways for students to develop expertise, show what they know, and own their learning.

Doug and Nancy also build your background knowledge with multimedia book-study resources at www.heinemann.com/backgroundknowledge.

"As teachers our job is not to simply fill students' heads with facts," write Doug Fisher and Nancy Frey. "We need to have students manipulate and apply information so that it becomes a permanent understanding." That's why the time is now for Background Knowledge.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780325026558
Publisher:
Heinemann
Publication date:
08/05/2009
Pages:
200
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.40(d)
Age Range:
11 - 17 Years

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Foreword Donald J. Leu vii

Chapter 1 The Missing Piece of the Comprehension Puzzle 7

Chapter 2 Placing Background Knowledge in Daily Teaching 21

Chapter 3 Teacher as Archaeologist: Assessing Background Knowledge 33

Chapter 4 Activating What Students Know: Teaching That Unearths and Upends Students' Understandings 62

Chapter 5 Quickening the Pace of Students' Background Knowledge Acquisition 91

Chapter 6 Critical Literacy: Helping Students Get Beyond the Sift-and-Surf Mode to Deep Synthesis of Texts 116

Chapter 7 New Literacies, Old Standards for Excellence 136

Chapter 8 Building and Activating Background Knowledge Is Our Job 154

A Study Guide for Background Knowledge 159

References 166

Index 182

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