Hiking and Backpacking: Essential Skills, Equipment, and Safety [NOOK Book]

Overview


Hiking & Backpacking: Essential Skills to Advanced Techniques provides backpackers of all skill levels with the fundamental techniques and advanced tricks of trailsmithing needed to plan and carry out an enjoyable and rewarding outdoor adventure.
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Hiking and Backpacking: Essential Skills, Equipment, and Safety

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Overview


Hiking & Backpacking: Essential Skills to Advanced Techniques provides backpackers of all skill levels with the fundamental techniques and advanced tricks of trailsmithing needed to plan and carry out an enjoyable and rewarding outdoor adventure.
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Editorial Reviews

From The Critics
Backpacking: Essential Skills To Advanced Techniques clearly explains every aspect of the outdoor experience of hiking on foot through the outdoors. The planning section details all the options for picking the best trails to fit ability, time and interests. There is a useful section devoted to those who dare to embark on serious long-distance hikes. The reader is provided with all the information needed to safely and competently select the gear most appropriate to the hiking project from the hi-tech equipment available to today's outdoor enthusiast. Backpack also offers sound and practical advice on pacing oneself, crossing streams, hiking in snow, using a map & compass, finding a good camp, setting up a kitchen, as well as maintaining and repairing equipment. Very highly recommended for the outdoor enthusiast, Backpacking is an ideal introduction for the novice, and offers a wealth of information, tips & techniques that even the more experienced backpacker will appreciate and benefit by.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780897328661
  • Publisher: Menasha Ridge Press
  • Publication date: 3/1/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 445,890
  • File size: 32 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Victoria Logue hiked the entire Appalachian Trail in 1988. She has returned again and again to hike its many sections on day and overnight hikes and is the coauthor of several hiking books for the area. She lives in Georgia where she and her husband enjoy sharing their love of nature with their daughter, Griffin.
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Read an Excerpt

Boot Weight and Height Your selection of boots will depend on where, when, and how often you want to hike. Lightweight boots are ideal for day hikes and backpacking on easy terrain. For example, most of the trails along the east coast can be hiked in lightweight boots. Rock scrambling and rougher terrain call for medium-weight boots, which are better suited to that kind of stress. Heavyweight boots are designed for those who intend to do intensive backpacking in mountainous terrain, including snow and ice hiking. Both the Pacific Crest and Continental Divide Trails, among others, involve this type of hiking.

You also have a choice between differing lengths of upper-above ankle boots, ankle high boots, and below ankle boots. Above ankle boots offer the most support and are usually only found in heavyweight boots made of leather. They are great if you need to carry a big pack in the backcountry. Just make sure you allow yourself plenty of time to break them in. Ankle high boots are cut just at or just under the ankle. They are good for moderate loads and are fine for most trails. These can be found in both lightweight and medium-weight styles. Finally, below ankle boots are usually only lightweight in style and are best for very light trail use. If you wear them for tougher trips, you risk blisters and insufficient ankle support. Because so many trails are made hazardous by rocks and roots, conventional wisdom sides with having some type of ankle support, though in the end, it's as much a matter of preference as necessity.
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Table of Contents

Author's Notes
Part 1 Getting Ready
1. Planning Your Hike 3
Trail Destinations 4
Greenways 4
Rails-to-Trails 6
National Trails System 6
Trails on Federal Lands 11
State Parks and Forests 11
Guidebooks 11
Trip Lengths 13
Short Hikes 13
Extended Hikes 13
Long-Distance Hikes 13
Special Hikes 14
Cold-Weather Backpacking 14
Desert Backpacking 22
Backpacking with Children 25
Backpacking with Dogs 33
2. Preparing For a Trip 38
Getting Yourself Ready 38
Packing for a Trip 40
What to Carry In Your Pack 40
Packing Your Pack 43
On to the Trailhead 45
Trailhead Safety 45
Car Shuttles 46
3. Long-Distance Hiking 47
Deciding To Go 47
Why People Hike Long-Distance 47
What it Takes to be a Long-Distance Hiker 48
Preparations 50
Mapping Out Your Route 50
Money Matters 54
Shelter Planning 55
Trail Registers/Trail Names 56
Managing Your Supplies 57
Mail Drops 60
Mailing Gear Ahead 61
Insurance 61
The Afterlife 62
4. Equipment 63
Boots 64
Boot Weight and Height 65
Which Boot is for You? 68
Boot Construction 70
Fit 75
Waterproofing 77
Laces and Lacing 77
Breaking in Your Boots 78
Inserts 79
Extra Shoes 79
Footcare 81
Clothing 81
Layering 82
Fabrics 83
Rain Gear 88
Hats 94
Socks 95
Gloves 96
Bandannas 97
Gaiters 97
Town Clothes 97
Caring for Your Clothing 98
Sleeping Bags 98
Important Features of Sleeping Bags 99
Mated Bags 108
Caring for Your Bag 109
Bag Liners 110
Sleeping Pads 111
Stoves 114
What Type of Stove Is Right for You 114
Types of Fuel 115
Stove Accessories 119
Tips for Operating Your Stove 120
Stove Safety 121
Tips for Maintaining Your Stove 122
On Going Stoveless 122
Fire Safety 124
Cookware and Utensils 125
What Pot is Right for You? 125
Preparing Your Cookware for the Wilderness 127
Utensils 129
Baking on the Trail 129
Backpacks 130
External versus Internal Frame Packs 131
Pack Capacity 137
Pack Construction 137
Fit 138
Pack Features 140
Other Pack Options 141
Tents 144
Important Tent Features 145
Ground Cloths 152
Caring for Your Tent 153
Tarps 154
Sleeping Under the Stars 156
Water Filters 156
The School of Water Treatment 157
Types of Filters 157
The Heart of the Filter 159
Pore Size 160
Other Equipment 161
Lighting 163
Toiletries 167
First aid Kit 173
Items for Emergencies 176
Sunglasses 177
Sunscreen 177
Water Bottles 177
Binoculars 178
Batteries 179
Rope 180
Part 2 On the Trail
5. Hiking Technique 189
First Things First: Putting Your Pack On 190
How Far and How Fast? 190
Taking Breaks 192
Uphill and Downhill Techniques 193
Hiking in the Rain 194
Stream Crossings 196
Hiking in Snow 200
Ice ax Self-Arrest 204
Snowshoeing/Cross-country Ski Techniques 206
Desert Hiking 208
Water 210
The Human Factor 213
Hiking in Hunting Season 213
Maintaining the Trail as You Hike 215
6. Finding Your Way 217
Maps 218
Map Colors 218
Map Symbols 219
Understanding Contour Lines 220
Map Legend 222
Map Care 224
Orienteering 225
Compass Basics 225
Orienting the Map and You 230
Getting Found 235
7. Listening to and Caring for Your Body 237
Stretching 237
How to Stretch 238
Massage 241
When Not to Massage 241
Preparing for Massage 242
Massage Tips 242
The Massages 243
Keeping Hydrated 248
Dehydration 249
How Much Should You Carry 250
What to Carry It In 252
Where To Find Water 253
Giardia 254
Treating Water 256
8. First Aid 262
Possible Medical Problems 265
Breathing Problems 265
Bleeding 265
Altitude Sickness 266
Blisters 267
Bruises 268
Burns 268
Cold-Weather Medical Emergencies 269
Drowning 273
Foot and Leg Problems 274
Strains and Sprains 275
Fractures 276
Hot-Weather Medical Emergencies 277
Lightning 279
Rashes 280
Wounds 282
Getting Help 285
9. Problem Animals 288
Bears 289
Black Bears 289
Grizzly Bears 290
Snakes 294
Rattlesnakes 294
Copperheads 295
Water Moccasins or Cottonmouths 296
Coral Snakes 296
Treating Poisonous Snakebites 297
Treating Nonpoisonous Snakebites 297
Poisonous Lizards 298
Cougar 298
Boars, Moose, Elk, and Other Beasts 299
Small Pests 299
Porcupines 299
Skunks 300
Mice 300
Raccoons 301
Dogs 302
Insects 303
No-see-ums 303
Bees, Hornets, and Wasps 304
Blackflies, Deerflies, and Horseflies 305
Fire Ants 305
Scorpions 306
Chiggers or Red Bugs 306
Mosquitoes 306
Ticks 307
Lyme Disease 308
Repellents 309
Part 3 Day's End
10. Setting Up Camp
Finding Your Campsite 313
Camping in the Hot and Cold 315
Organizing the Camp 316
Your Home Away From Home 317
Setting Up a Tarp 319
Protecting Your Food 320
The Latrine 323
Breaking Camp 325
11. The Backcountry Kitchen 328
Nutrition 329
Things to Consider When Shopping for Food 331
Types of Foods 332
Dehydrated and Freezedried Foods 332
Supermarket Fare 334
Self-dehydrated Foods 335
Fresh Food 335
Living Off the Land 336
Meal Suggestions 336
Breakfasts 336
Lunches 337
Suppers 338
Beverages 339
Desserts 340
Spices and Condiments 340
Trail Snacks 341
Packing Your Food 342
Food for a Week or More 343
Cleaning up after Meals 343
12. Camping Green 345
Recycled Gear 347
Minimum Impact Camping 347
Pack It Out 348
Carry Out Trash Left by Others 348
Use a Stove 349
Camp in Designated Sites 349
Limit Group Size 350
Stay on the Designated Trail 350
Don't Use Soap In or Near Streams 350
Solid Waste Management 351
Trail Maintenance 352
What Else Can You Do? 352
13. Gear Repair and Maintenance 354
Pack Repair 355
Tent Repair 356
Stove Repair 356
Clothing Repair 357
Pad Repair 357
Boot Maintenance 358
Water Purifier Maintenance 359
Part 4 Appendices
A. Glossary 363
B. Equipment Checklists 368
C. Gear Manufacturers 371
D. Hiking Organizations 377
E. Internet Resources 385
F. Index 387
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