The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775

The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775

by Steven Laurence Kaplan, Steven Laurencekaplan
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822317060

ISBN-13: 9780822317067

Pub. Date: 06/19/1996

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

In preindustrial Europe, dependence on grain shaped every phase of life from economic development to spiritual expression, and the problem of subsistence dominated the everyday order of things in a merciless and unremitting way. Steven Laurence Kaplan’s The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 focuses on the production and

…  See more details below

Overview

In preindustrial Europe, dependence on grain shaped every phase of life from economic development to spiritual expression, and the problem of subsistence dominated the everyday order of things in a merciless and unremitting way. Steven Laurence Kaplan’s The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 focuses on the production and distribution of France’s most important commodity in the sprawling urban center of eighteenth-century Paris where provisioning needs were most acutely felt and most difficult to satisfy. Kaplan shows how the relentless demand for bread constructed the pattern of daily life in Paris as decisively and subtly as elaborate protocol governed the social life at Versailles.
Despite the overpowering salience of bread in public and private life, Kaplan’s is the first inquiry into the ways bread exercised its vast and significant empire. Bread framed dreams as well as nightmares. It was the staff of life, the medium of communion, a topic of common discourse, and a mark of tradition as well as transcendence. In his exploration of bread’s materiality and cultural meaning, Kaplan looks at bread’s fashioning of identity and examines the conditions of supply and demand in the marketplace. He also sets forth a complete history of the bakers and their guild, and unmasks the methods used by the authorities in their efforts to regulate trade.
Because the bakers and their bread were central to Parisian daily life, Kaplan’s study is also a comprehensive meditation on an entire society, its government, and its capacity to endure. Long-awaited by French history scholars, The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 is a landmark in eighteenth-century historiography, a book that deeply contextualizes, and thus enriches our understanding of one of the most important eras in European history.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822317067
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
06/19/1996
Pages:
784
Product dimensions:
6.46(w) x 9.51(h) x 2.08(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Acknowledgments
Introduction1
IBread: Demand and Supply21
1Breadways23
2Bread Making61
3Baker Shops and Bread Markets81
4The Forain World116
5Bread on Credit137
IIBakers: Social Structure and Life Cycle153
6The Guild155
7From Apprentice to Journeyman192
8At Work227
9The Journeyman's World outside the Shop250
10Establishment271
11Marriage Strategies and Family Life302
12Fortune337
13Bakers as Debtors377
14Failure400
15Reputation423
IIIPolice of Bread and Bakers437
16Primer to Policing: Figuring Supply and Consumption439
17The Police of Bakers458
18Setting the Price of Bread493
19Policing the Price of Bread, 1725-1780521
Conclusion567
Appendixes581
Notes591
Bibliography717
Index745

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >