The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775

The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700-1775

by Steven Laurence Kaplan, Steven Laurencekaplan
     
 

ISBN-10: 0822317060

ISBN-13: 9780822317067

Pub. Date: 06/19/1996

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

In preindustrial Europe, dependence on grain shaped every phase of life from economic development to spiritual expression, and the problem of subsistence dominated the everyday order of things in a merciless and unremitting way. Steven Laurence Kaplan’s The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 focuses on the production and

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Overview

In preindustrial Europe, dependence on grain shaped every phase of life from economic development to spiritual expression, and the problem of subsistence dominated the everyday order of things in a merciless and unremitting way. Steven Laurence Kaplan’s The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 focuses on the production and distribution of France’s most important commodity in the sprawling urban center of eighteenth-century Paris where provisioning needs were most acutely felt and most difficult to satisfy. Kaplan shows how the relentless demand for bread constructed the pattern of daily life in Paris as decisively and subtly as elaborate protocol governed the social life at Versailles.
Despite the overpowering salience of bread in public and private life, Kaplan’s is the first inquiry into the ways bread exercised its vast and significant empire. Bread framed dreams as well as nightmares. It was the staff of life, the medium of communion, a topic of common discourse, and a mark of tradition as well as transcendence. In his exploration of bread’s materiality and cultural meaning, Kaplan looks at bread’s fashioning of identity and examines the conditions of supply and demand in the marketplace. He also sets forth a complete history of the bakers and their guild, and unmasks the methods used by the authorities in their efforts to regulate trade.
Because the bakers and their bread were central to Parisian daily life, Kaplan’s study is also a comprehensive meditation on an entire society, its government, and its capacity to endure. Long-awaited by French history scholars, The Bakers of Paris and the Bread Question, 1700–1775 is a landmark in eighteenth-century historiography, a book that deeply contextualizes, and thus enriches our understanding of one of the most important eras in European history.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822317067
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
06/19/1996
Pages:
784
Product dimensions:
6.46(w) x 9.51(h) x 2.08(d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Illustrations,
Tables,
Acknowledgments,
Introduction,
I Bread: Demand and Supply,
Chapter 1 Breadways,
Chapter 2 Bread Making,
Chapter 3 Baker Shops and Bread Markets,
Chapter 4 The Forain World,
Chapter 5 Bread on Credit,
II Bakers: Social Structure and Life Cycle,
Chapter 6 The Guild,
Chapter 7 From Apprentice to Journeyman,
Chapter 8 At Work,
Chapter 9 The Journeyman's World outside the Shop,
Chapter 10 Establishment,
Chapter 11 Marriage Strategies and Family Life,
Chapter 12 Fortune,
Chapter 13 Bakers as Debtors,
Chapter 14 Failure,
Chapter 15 Reputation,
III Police of Bread and Bakers,
Chapter 16 Primer to Policing: Figuring Supply and Consumption,
Chapter 17 The Police of Bakers,
Chapter 18 Setting the Price of Bread,
Chapter 19 Policing the Price of Bread, 1725–1780,
Appendix A List of Inventaires Après Décès and Complementary Materials (Deposited in Minutier Central of the Archives Nationales unless Otherwise Indicated),
Appendix B List of Scellés (Preinventories) from the Y Series of the Archives Nationales,
Appendix C List of Marriage Contracts (from the Minutier Central of the Archives Nationales unless Otherwise Indicated),
Appendix D List of Faillites (Drawn from the D4B6 series of the Archives de la Ville de Paris et de la Seine),
Appendix E Bakers with Short-Weight Loaves,
Notes,
Bibliography,

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