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Through the lens of four seminal concerts,
acclaimed poet and ...
Through the lens of four seminal concerts,
acclaimed poet and biographer Daniel
Mark Epstein offers an intimate, nuanced
look at Bob Dylan: a vivid, full-bodied
portrait of one of the most influential artists
of the twentieth century, from his birth to
the Never Ending Tour.
Beginning with 1963s Lisner Auditorium
concert in Washington, D.C., Epstein revisits
Dylans astonishing rise as the darling of
the folk revival, focusing on the people and
books that shaped him, and his struggle to
find artistic direction on the road in the
1960s. Madison Square Garden, 1974, sheds
light on Dylans transition from folk icon
to rock star, his family life in seclusion,
his subsequent divorce, and his highly anticipated
return to touring. Tanglewood,
1997, reveals how Dylan revived his flagging
career in the late 1990s—largely
under the influence of Jerry Garcia—discovering
new ways of singing and connecting
with his audience, and assembling the great
bands for his Never Ending Tour. In a
breathtaking account of the Time Out of Mind
sessions, Epstein provides the most complete
picture yet of Dylans contemporary work
in the studio, his acceptance of his laurels,
and his role as the Éminence grise of
rock and roll today. Aberdeen, 2009, brings
us full circle, detailing the making of Dylans
triumphant albums of the 2000s, as well as
his long-running radio show.
Drawing on anecdotes and insights from
new interviews with those closest to the
man—including Maria Muldaur, Happy Traum,
D. A. Pennebaker, Nora Guthrie, Ramblin Jack
Elliott, and Dylans sidemen throughout the years—The Ballad of Bob Dylan is a singular
take on an artist who has transformed generations
and, as he enters his eighth decade,
continues to inspire and surprise today.
December 14, 1963
The frail-looking young man with tousled brown hair entered the
auditorium from stage left, strumming his guitar while people were
still getting settled in their seats.
A triple row of folding chairs had been hastily arranged in a semi-
circle upstage behind the performer's spot to handle the last-minute
overflow. Now these latecomers were sitting down, applauding as he
passed them. He wore a pale blue work shirt, blue jeans, and boots. It
was as if he had come from some distance and had been singing all the
while to himself and whatever group he could gather on street corners
and in storefronts, his entrance was so casual and unheralded.
He moved toward his spot center stage next to the waist-high
wooden stool. On the round seat was a clutter of shiny Marine Band
harmonicas. Scarcely acknowledging the applause, mildly
embarrassed by it, he lurched toward his place onstage wearing a steel
harmonica holder around his neck that made him look like a wild
creature in harness, blinking at the floodlights, hunching his shoulders to adjust the guitar strap that held the Gibson Special acoustic
high on his slender body.
He was in our midst before we knew it and already performing.
He stood and strummed. The houselights dimmed but remained on.
The applause that began from the spectators behind him was warm
but brief because we did not wish to interrupt the singer or miss any
of his words. He sounded the simple melody on the mouth harp.
The song he chose to sing first was unfamiliar but it was an invitation
promising familiarity, like so many old ballads where the bard
invites folks to gather round so he can tell them a tale: Come all ye fair
and tender maidens, or Come all ye bold highway men.
There were fifteen hundred seats in the sold-out Lisner Auditorium-
of George Washington University that night in December, and
fewer than half of those were taken by college students. The steeply
banked rows were filled with the faithful members of the Washing-
ton folk music community. The concert in fact had not been
sponsored by the university but by the National Folk Festival, founded
in the 1930s with the support of Eleanor Roosevelt and the novelist
Zora Neale Hurston. Men in goatees or full beards, wearing plaid
lumberjack shirts, dungarees, and horn-rimmed glasses, sat shoulder
to shoulder with long-haired women in peasant blouses with ban-
the-bomb buttons; scholarly types in tweed or corduroy jackets with
leather elbow patches; a few middle-aged beatniks in black turtle-
necks. There was more philosophy than conscious style, in boots
and sandals, a rejection of button-down fashion and shoelaces that
cut across generations during the Cold War.
My sister, Linda Ellen, age thirteen, was probably the youngest
person in the building. My best friend, Jimmy Smith, and I had just
turned fifteen and could not legally drive so my mother, thirty-seven,
had driven us from the Hyattsville, Maryland, suburbs down
Connecticut Avenue to the edge of campus, Twenty-first and H streets,
N.W., to hear Bob Dylan in concert. She had purchased our seats in
advance at the box office—she always got the best—and so now we
sat in the center of the fifth row, close to the lip of the stage apron,
a few feet above and not ten yards away from Bob Dylan. When
he finally stopped blinking and opened his eyes to the audience we
could see how blue they were.
We heard the guitar first, a powerful sound that was percussive,
modal, and clarion. He was strumming a full G chord with a flat
pick in moderate tempo, 3/4 time. What made it distinctive and
commanding was the force of the first stroke of the measure, and
that the guitarist had added a high D on the second string to make
a perfect fourth with the G next to it. That was the trick, the special
magic that transformed the chord from a simple major triad to a
mystical, ancient strain, Celtic perhaps, medieval or Native
American, a mood transcending time.
Come gather 'round people, wherever you roam
And admit that the waters around you have grown
And accept it that soon you'll be drenched to the bone.
This was a call to the barricades if not to arms. It was a reveille,
a wake-up to the living and dead and the half dead that the times are
changing. The composer had been clever enough to write the tune
in waltz time so that no one drunk or sober would ever march to
it. (He'd write a drunken march someday—all in good time.) The
song as performed and phrased had an incantatory voodoo power
to alert, transfix, caution, and alarm us; stanza by stanza it singled
us out: writers and critics, senators and congressmen (just around
the corner here), mothers and fathers (my mother sat at attention),
each being warned in turn that there would be hell to pay if they did
not "heed the call." The well-traveled road will not be viable, he was
telling us, the old order is fading, the wheel of change is spinning,
the battle is already raging, and if it hasn't rattled your windows yet
it will soon.
Your sons and your daughters are beyond your command. . . .
Invoking the Old Testament prophets as well as the Gospels
(Mark 10:31, "Many that are first will be last"), a singer born in
the year the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor was proclaiming to my
mother and everyone her age and older that there was a generation
gap—and the phrase had not yet been coined—and anyone who
dared to stall or stand in the way of reform would be hurt. I am not
sure what my mother thought of this opening salvo of the concert.
After all, she had purchased the tickets, and driven us to the brick-
and-limestone theater from West Hyattsville in her green Nash
sedan. I suppose we were all more or less startled. But there was
something about the young man's simultaneous authority
humility that was disarming—the biblical, archaic tone, the passionate
plea for everyone to join the movement, not to stand in the way but
to heed the call, lend a hand.
Bob Dylan had been in the capital for the great civil rights March on
Washington back in late August 1963. On the steps of the Lincoln
Memorial he and Joan Baez had performed his songs "Blowin' in
the Wind" and "Only a Pawn in Their Game." The duet as well as
the romance between the beautiful folksingers received considerable
notice in the press that year, although he was not a celebrity. His
songs were far more famous than he was.
In the autumn he had played three recitals: Carnegie Hall in New
York, Jordan Hall in Boston, and the University Regent Theatre in
Syracuse, New York. After John F. Kennedy was assassinated on
November 22, Dylan had appeared only twice in concert, in Princeton
and Newark, New Jersey. Now this concert at the Lisner
Auditorium would be his sole appearance before Christmas. The
only publicity was a small poster showing the singer playing guitar
and harmonica on the left side of a split format with his name and
the concert specifics printed on the right, and tiny display ads in the
amusement sections of the Washington Post and the Evening Star. The
tickets, $4.00 for orchestra and $3.50 for the parterre, could be
purchased at the Willard Hotel, Learmont Records in Georgetown, and
at the YMCA in Alexandria, Virginia.
As of Friday night, seats had still been available. It was evidence
of the rapid momentum of Dylan's reputation that by the time we
got to the auditorium the show was sold out and the management
was unfolding chairs onstage to seat the late arrivals.
How did Jim, Linda, and I happen to be there, in these seats
purchased weeks in advance, three minors in a crowd of adults
mostly in their twenties and thirties? Jim and I were folksingers,
card- carrying members of the Washington Folk Music Guild. We
attended concerts, open-mike events, sing-outs, and hootenannies all
over the city. We heard fiddling contests in gymnasiums and barns,
fretless banjo masters in church basements, and barefoot blues pickers
and jug bands in abandoned houses. We heard old Mississippi
John Hurt at Ontario Place, Judy Collins and Donal Leace at the
Cellar Door, and Carolyn Hester, Paul Clayton, and Josh White at
the Showboat Lounge. We saw Harry Belafonte at the Carter Barron
Amphitheatre. Elizabeth Cotten, the former housekeeper of Pete
and Mike Seeger's parents, who wrote "Freight Train" and played
the guitar upside down and left-handed, still lived in town. She was
in her mid-sixties. We used to go and visit Miss Libba in her little
row house at 625 Fifth Street, N.E. She played for us, sitting in the
front parlor, and taught us songs like "Ain't Got No Honey Baby
Now"; she would teach us as much of her picking style as we could
learn by screwing our heads around until our necks were stiff. Then
she would serve sugar cookies.
Mike Seeger, in his twenties, grew up in the area, and we saw
quite a lot of him, too. Mike played guitar, banjo, autoharp, jew's
harp, fiddle, and harmonica—often a couple of these instruments at
once. He encouraged us to do the same. John Fahey, the legendary
guitarist, had graduated from our high school a few years ahead of
us. Recently we had gone to hear Joan Baez and Pete Seeger at the
Uline Arena; it was there, in the 7,000-seat coliseum, that we first
heard Bob Dylan's apocalyptic song "A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall"
performed after a glowing introduction by Pete himself, the polestar
of folk music. He announced that a young poet had arrived on the
scene with some important things to tell us.
We already knew that. The first time I heard Bob Dylan's name
was in 1961 at a hootenanny near the University of Maryland,
College Park, outdoors at the Duck Pond on Adelphi Road. There was
a very skillful, tall blond guitarist in a Hawaiian shirt and sandals
who had attracted a group of admirers by playing a rendition of the
Reverend Gary Davis's "Cocaine Blues." As part of his patter
between verses he told us, "This is the way Bobbie Dylan does it,"
and then played a figure with some hammered-on notes on the
fret board. But he pronounced the name Die-lyn, "this is the way Bobbie
Die-lyn plays it." The guitarist had just come down from New York,
where he had heard Dylan playing in some Greenwich Village club;
Dylan's reputation was growing so rapidly his name—or at least the
proper pronunciation—couldn't keep up. The blond guitarist whose
name I can't remember spoke Dylan's name with such forceful
admiration I never forgot it. I made a mental note to look out for this
Bobbi Dylan because he must be a man worth listening to.
That was the late summer of 1961, just before Dylan played
Gerde's Folk City in Manhattan as a warm-up act for the Greenbriar
Boys, a bluegrass ensemble. Robert Shelton wrote it up in the New
York Times on September 29, 1961, praising Dylan so extravagantly
that the twenty-year-old folksinger would never again know what
it was not to be known, to be recognized in certain circles, admired
A bright new face in folk music is appearing at Gerde's Folk City.
Although only 20 years old, Bob Dylan is one of the most distinctive
stylists to play in a Manhattan cabaret in months. Resembling a cross
between a choir boy and a beatnik, Mr. Dylan has a cherubic look and
a mop of tousled hair he partly covers with a Huck Finn black corduroy
cap. His clothes may need a bit of tailoring, but when he works his guitar,
harmonica or piano and composes new songs faster than he can remember
them, there is no doubt that he is bursting at the seams with talent.
Six months later I was grazing the record bins in our local
music store, the small folk section, and I saw the face that Shelton
described in the newspaper review. It was the face of a boy who
appeared to be about my age, with wide-set eyes, soft cheeks and chin,
and a perfectly formed mouth, his curls pressed under the black cap,
wearing a sheepskin coat, hands laced around the upright neck of a
Martin guitar. There was something sly about him. He was a choir
boy with a grenade in his pocket.
I read the liner notes, which included Shelton's review, and put
the album back in the bin. There was only one copy, but I did not
buy it that day. I returned several times to look at the portrait of the
sly, calm-looking boy, and reread the liner notes before I had saved
the two dollars to purchase the LP. That was in April 1962. I bought
one of only five thousand copies of the album titled Bob Dylan.
Produced by the prescient John Hammond, the record sold so poorly
his colleagues at Columbia Records called it—and the artist he had
I had never heard Bob Dylan's voice, or heard him play until
that day in the spring of 1962 when I dropped the vinyl onto the
turntable of a Westinghouse portable record player in the privacy of
my bedroom. My expectations were high, and the experience was
not altogether pleasant. This must be an acquired taste, I thought,
like cigarette smoking or whiskey. It seemed unnatural to me that
such a young man should sound, or try to sound, like an old man. I
liked the choppy, wailing harmonica on the fast Jesse Fuller number
"You're No Good." Dylan had learned some things from the blind
blues harpist Sonny Terry. But the way he shrieked the refrain, "You
give me the blues, I guess you're satisfied / You give me the blues,
I want to lay down and die," made my skin crawl. His voice was all
over the place.
Excerpted from The Ballad of Bob Dylan by Daniel Mark Epstein Copyright © 2011 by Daniel Mark Epstein. Excerpted by permission of Harper. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.
Part I Washington, B.C., 1963
Chapter 1 Lisner Auditorium, December 14, 1963 3
Chapter 2 The Night Bob Dylan Rescued My Sister 25
Chapter 3 The Pauper and the Prince 43
Chapter 4 Spiritual Homing Pigeon 69
Chapter 5 Finding His Voice 87
Part II Madison Square Garden, 1974
Chapter 6 New York, 1974 125
Chapter 7 A Sea Change 141
Chapter 8 Wired for Sound 157
Chapter 9 The Poet in the Garden 189
Chapter 10 Midwinter: An Interlude 223
Part III Tangle-wood, 1997
Chapter 11 Young Blood 263
Chapter 12 Finding the Beat 287
Chapter 13 Telling the Story 313
Chapter 14 The Good Secret 331
Part IV Aberdeen, 2009
Chapter 15 Heaths and Entrances 359
Chapter 16 Facing the Lion 383
Chapter 17 Aberdeen: July 24, 2009 415
Posted April 6, 2011
This is a unique take on a biography. Daniel Mark Epstein's obvious adoration for Bob Dylan is reflected in his writing. We see Dylan through the eyes of a fan, rather than a true biographer. Epstein begins with his first Dylan concert in 1963 and ends with the last concert he attended in 2009. For me, the intense focus on the four concerts the author attended was too much. Each song in the set lists was broken down for us, right down to the key Dylan played in. What I did learn was that Epstein must have taken and kept copious notes of his concert experiences.
That being said, there were some great nuggets of information within these pages. We're given a glimpse of Dylan in a way that his other biographies do not show us. This is a perfect book for the hardcore Dylan fan. Others might want to start with a more general biography.
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Posted June 5, 2011
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