Banned in the Media: A Reference Guide to Censorship in the Press, Motion Pictures, Broadcasting, and the Internet / Edition 1

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From colonial times to the present, the media in America has been subject to censorship challenges and regulations. This comprehensive reference guide to media censorship provides in-depth coverage of each media format—newspapers, magazines, motion pictures, radio, television, and the Internet—all of which have been, and continue to be, battlegrounds for First Amendment issues. Each media format is examined in-depth, from its origins and history through its modern development, and features discussion of landmark incidents and cases. Foerstel, author of Banned in the U.S.A., the acclaimed reference guide to book censorship in schools and public libraries, offers a brief history of media censorship, examines in-depth the drama of seven landmark incidents, and includes 31 relevant court cases. Complementing the volume are personal interviews with prominent victims of media censorship, who give human voice to the struggle of the media to remain free, and an examination of censorship of the student press.

Fascinating examples of media censorship abound, from Peter Zenger's prerevolutionary trial for seditious libel to the modern tobacco industry's invocation of tortious interference to silence television news and the current rash of Internet censorship incidents. Chapter 1 offers a brief history of censorship of each of the media types. Chapter 2 features indepth analysis of seven landmark media censorship incidents: the trial of John Peter Zenger, H. L. Mencken and the hatrack case, John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, Progressive magazine's exposé on the H-bomb secret, government labeling of three documentary films as political propaganda, television's tobacco wars, and Carnegie Mellon's attempt to censor students' access to the Internet. Chapter 3 examines 31 media censorship court cases from 1735 to 1997. Chapter 4 features exclusive interviews with media figures involved in censorship issues or cases—Paul Jarrico, Howard Morland, Peter Sussman, Daniel Schorr, Walter Cronkite, and Jerry Berman. Appendix A takes a look at censorship and response regarding the student press during the 1990s, after the landmark Hazelwood decision in 1988—an important topic for students in every high school. Appendix B contains a resource list of media advocacy and censorship organizations. A selected bibliography of books and electronic resources completes the text. This volume is of interest to high school and college students, teachers, librarians and scholars, and all those who are affected by these crucial First Amendment issues.

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Editorial Reviews

VOYA - Victoria Yablonsky
Foerstel examines censorship in six media formats: newspapers, magazines, motion pictures, radio, TV, and the Internet. He begins with a brief history of each medium and the aspects of censorship unique to it. Analyses of seven prominent media censorship incidents, from Zenger (1735) to Carnegie Mellon University's cybersex ban (1994), present various reasons for censorship in all formats and the often heroic battles against it. The book also includes a chronological list of media censorship cases with brief descriptions, and interviews conducted in 1997 with six media professionals who bring a human voice and personal opinion to very complex issues. The volume covers important censorship issues relating to the First Amendment, national security and prior restraint, political motives and blacklisting, corporate fears, and indecency. It provides information on such well-known topics as the Pentagon Papers and McCarthy-era blacklisting but also discusses other lesser-known cases and includes very recent information, such as the 60 Minutes tobacco story and the Communications Decency Act. While some of this information can be found elsewhere, this volume brings many aspects of censorship together in one place and updates it with the inclusion of Internet issues. An appendix discusses the state of the student press in the 1990s, after the Hazelwood case of 1988 regarding the right of school officials to control student publications; this may be the most interesting part of the book for high school student journalists. Foerstel touched on this issue in his earlier work, Banned in the U.S.A. (Greenwood, 1994), which dealt with book censorship in schools and public libraries. Together these two volumes provide a comprehensive overview of censorship in the United States. Index. Biblio. Source Notes. Appendix.
School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up-Foerstel opens with a brief history of censorship in newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet. The next chapter discusses seven prominent examples of media censorship, including John Henry Faulk and the radio blacklist, the tobacco wars involving 60 Minutes, and problems with the Internet at Carnegie Mellon University. Chapter three is a chronological history of 28 media-censorship cases beginning in 1812 with United States v. Hudson and Goodwin and ending with Playboy Entertainment Group v. United States in 1997. The title closes with six editorials by prominent media spokespeople such as Daniel Schorr and Walter Cronkite. Appendixes consist of a survey of student-press censorship and a selective list of media advocacy and censorship organizations. A selected bibliography of books and Web sites completes the text. While not a standard ready-reference tool, this well-researched book will be useful.-Priscilla Bennett, State University of West Georgia
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313302459
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/28/1998
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 270
  • Lexile: 1470L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

HERBERT N. FOERSTEL is author of Surveillance in the Stacks (Greenwood, 1991), Secret Science (Praeger, 1993), Banned in the U.S.A.: A Reference Guide to Book Censorship in Schools and Public Libraries (Greenwood, 1994), Climbing the Hill (Praeger, 1996), and Free Expression and Censorship in America (Greenwood, 1997).

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Table of Contents

Ch. 1 A Brief History of Media Censorship 1
Newspapers 1
Magazines 11
Motion Pictures 17
Radio 26
Television 32
Internet 42
Ch. 2 Prominent Examples of Media Censorship 57
The Trial of John Peter Zenger, 1735 57
H. L. Mencken and the Hatrack Case, 1926 63
John Henry Faulk and the Radio Blacklist, 1955 74
The Progressive Tells the H-Bomb Secret, 1979 82
Warning: Political Propaganda May Be Dangerous to Your Health, 1983 87
The Tobacco Wars, 1994 96
A Frightened University Censors Cybersex, 1994 106
Ch. 3 A Chronological History of Media Censorship Cases 119
Ch. 4 Voices from the Media 159
Paul Jarrico: The Hollywood Inquisition 159
Howard Morland: Telling the H-Bomb Secret 166
Peter Sussman: Committing Journalism 175
Daniel Schorr: Challenging Broadcasting's Corporate Masters 183
Walter Cronkite: Journalistic Courage, Then and Now 189
Jerry Berman: Forging the Digital Bill of Rights 194
App. A The Student Press after Hazelwood: Censorship and Response in the 1990s 203
App. B A Selective List of Media Advocacy and Censorship Organizations 229
Selected Bibliography 237
Index 241
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