The Baroque Vortex: Velazquez, Calderon, and Gracian under Philip IV

The Baroque Vortex: Velazquez, Calderon, and Gracian under Philip IV

by Thomas S. Acker
     
 

If we look at the plays of Pedro Calderón de la Barca and the paintings of Diego Velázquez, the years 1635 to 1680 arguably mark the creative apex of Spain’s «Golden Age». In subtle portraiture and court plays, classical imagery combined with Church orthodoxy connecting antiquity’s glories to Spain’s Habsburg rule. The

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Overview

If we look at the plays of Pedro Calderón de la Barca and the paintings of Diego Velázquez, the years 1635 to 1680 arguably mark the creative apex of Spain’s «Golden Age». In subtle portraiture and court plays, classical imagery combined with Church orthodoxy connecting antiquity’s glories to Spain’s Habsburg rule. The works of Baltasar Gracián, his allegorical Criticón (1651) and his prescriptive Agudeza y arte de ingenio (1648), offered other examples, and, in the case of the latter, explained this imagery. In these works, Gracián shares many of the same iconographic resources with Calderón and Velázquez. Commonalties in their historical, mythological, and religious subjects reveal the united and vigorous façade that Spain attempted to project through her art. The Baroque Vortex compares some of the similarities and differences to be found in the works of these three contemporaries.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
«This most revealing study by Thomas S. Acker has uncovered some remarkable coincidences between the art of Diego Velázquez (1599-1660) and his literary contemporaries Pedro Calderón de la Barca (1600-1681) and Baltasar Gracián (1601-1658). These three major personalities represent the culmination of the literary and artistic achievements of the Baroque, converging in the same time and place, with the political decline of the Spanish Empire under King Philip IV. Enhanced by original insights, this comparative study unravels several illuminating connections and the complexities of paintings such as ‘Las Hilanderas’. The interconnected vision of literature and art provides a unique and substantive perspective into one of the most crucial junctures of the Spanish Baroque, illustrating the common sources of the age.» (Hernán Galilea, Academia Chilena de la Lengua, Temple University)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780820423678
Publisher:
Peter Lang Publishing Inc.
Publication date:
05/22/2000
Series:
Currents in Comparative Romance Languages and Literatures Series, #23
Pages:
152

Meet the Author

The Author: Thomas S. Acker received his doctorate from Temple University. He teaches Spanish language and literature at Mesa State College in Grand Junction, Colorado.

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