Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World

Barriers to Democracy: The Other Side of Social Capital in Palestine and the Arab World

by Amaney A. Jamal
     
 

"This is social science at its absolute best. This book uses empirical data from the Arab world to point out flaws in our conventional wisdom about the importance of civil societies in a democracy. Everyone who cares about democratic theory needs to confront these findings, and anyone who wants to understand the failure of American efforts to promote democracy in

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Overview

"This is social science at its absolute best. This book uses empirical data from the Arab world to point out flaws in our conventional wisdom about the importance of civil societies in a democracy. Everyone who cares about democratic theory needs to confront these findings, and anyone who wants to understand the failure of American efforts to promote democracy in the Middle East could do no better than start with this book."—Lisa Anderson, Columbia University

"A very impressive and highly original study that is rich in analysis and theoretical insight, not only about Palestinian politics during the Oslo period, but also about the conditions under which civic associations do and do not foster attitudes and behaviors that contribute to democratization in the broader Arab world."—Mark Tessler, University of Michigan

"This book fills an important gap in the wide literature on civil society. It notably expands upon this literature, both substantively, through unique and important survey data, and theoretically, in an argument that asks us to rethink how regime types affect the connections between participation in civic associations and democratic attitudes. By doing so, it not only contributes to the academic literature—which has largely assumed that lessons drawn from democracies can be applied to authoritarian regimes—but it also prompts rethinking in the policy debates over democratization. Academics and policymakers will find much of value in rethinking politics not only in Palestine and the Arab world, but also in authoritarian regimes elsewhere."—Ellen M. Lust-Okar, Yale University

"Taking as a point of departure the substantial work on civil society, Amaney Jamal engages a set of issues that are critical to understanding the paths of and possibilities for democratic transitions. In an academic and policy atmosphere in which building democracy abroad, especially in the Middle East, has become one of the most commonly discussed goals, her book should appeal to a wide audience."—Laurie A. Brand, author of Citizens Abroad: Emigration and the State in the Middle East and North Africa

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691127279
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
04/23/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Preface xi

Note to the Reader xiii

Chapter One: Introduction: Democratic Outcomes and Associational Life 1

Associations in Western Democratic Contexts 3

Associational Life in Palestine 10

The Associational Puzzle 13

Clientelism and Patronage 14

Chapter Two: Associational Life in the Centralized Authoritarian Context of the West Bank 21

The Failure of Oslo, PNA Corruption, and Democracy 22

Political Contextual Difference and Associational Life 25

The Polarization of Associational Life in the West Bank:
Historical Overview 26

Palestinian Political and Civil Life under Occupation 31

Associational Life Post-Oslo 36

Corruption, Patronage, Clientelism, and the PNA 41

The PNA and the PLC 43

Rule of Law, the Judiciary, and the PNA 45

Associational Life and PNA Corruption 47

Conclusion 49

Chapter Three: The Polarization of Palestinian Associational Life 50

The Palestinian Associational Terrain 51

Factionalism 58

The Peace Process with Israel and the Realities Associated with Oslo 61

Donor Monies 66

Conclusion 74

Chapter Four: Trust, Engagement, and Democracy 77

The Polarization of Palestinian Civil Society 79

Association Membership and Support for the PNA 83

Examining Interpersonal Trust and Civic Engagement 85

The Associational Landscape 89

A Note on Self-selection and Causality 93

Conclusion 94

Chapter Five: Beyond Palestine: Morocco, Jordan, and Egypt 96

Trust and Associational Life in Morocco 98

Consolidating the Moroccan Monarchy: A Historical Overview 101

Solidifying Authoritarianism or Political Liberalization 104

Historical Patterns: The Evolution of Associational Life 107

Associations and the Regime 109

Political Parties and the Moroccan Regime 111

The Media 113

Civic Attitudes and Associational Realities in Morocco 115

Beyond Palestine and Morocco: Jordan and Egypt 115

Associational Life in Jordan and Egypt 119

Civil Society and Polarization 121

Conclusion 125

Chapter Six: Conclusion:Toward a Theory of Democratic Citizenship in State-Centralized Nations 127

Interpersonal Trust and Associational Realities in the West Bank 127

Civic Engagement, Support for Democratic Institutions, and Associational Realities in the West Bank 131

Civic Engagement and Interpersonal Trust among Association Members 133

The Art of Association 135

A Note about Democratization 137

Appendixes 139

Appendix A: Survey Questions and Coding of Association Members 141

Appendix B: Survey Questions and Coding of General Palestinian Population 147

Appendix C: Survey Questions and Coding of General Moroccan Population (World Values Survey Questions) 150

Bibliography 153

Index 165

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