Basic Concepts of Chemistry / Edition 8

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Overview

Engineers who need to have a better understanding of chemistry will benefit from this accessible book. It places a stronger emphasis on outcomes assessment, which is the driving force for many of the new features. Each section focuses on the development and assessment of one or two specific objectives. Within each section, a specific objective is included, an anticipatory set to orient the reader, content discussion from established authors, and guided practice problems for relevant objectives. These features are followed by a set of independent practice problems. The expanded Making it Real feature showcases topics of current interest relating to the subject at hand such as chemical forensics and more medical related topics. Numerous worked examples in the text now include Analysis and Synthesis sections, which allow engineers to explore concepts in greater depth, and discuss outside relevance.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A text for preparatory chemistry courses as well as one-semester general purpose courses. Chapters begin with references to current topics<-->such as early results from the Galileo probe to Jupiter, global warming, or the nature of lightning. Appendixes designed to alleviate math-anxiety provide discussions of mathematical concepts, as well as examples and sample problems in the areas of basic arithmetic, algebra, and scientific notation. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
Booknews
Third edition of a standard elementary textbook for majors. Designed with flexibility; written in a conversational style. No bibliography. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471741541
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/3/2008
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 656
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

PROLOGUE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF CHEMISTRY

A. The Creation of Matter

B. The Mystery of Fire

C. The Scientific Method

D. The Study of Chemistry and Using This Textbook

CHAPTER 1 MEASUREMENTS IN CHEMISTRY

Part A The Numbers Used in Chemistry

1-1 The Numerical Value of a Measurement

1-2 Significant Figures and Mathematical Operations

1-3 Expressing Large and Small Numbers: Scientific Notation

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Measurements Used in Chemistry

1-4 Measurement of Mass, Length, and Volume

1-5 Conversion of Units by the Factor-Label Method

1-6 Measurement of Temperature

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 2 ELEMENTS AND COMPOUNDS

Part A The Elements and Their Composition

2-1 The Elements

2-2 The Composition of Elements: Atomic Theory

2-3 Composition of the Atom

2-4 Atomic Number, Mass Number, and Atomic Mass

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Compounds and Their Composition

2-5 Molecular Compounds

2-6 Ionic Compounds

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 3 THE PROPERTIES OF MATTER AND ENERGY

Part A The Properties of Matter

3-1 The Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter

3-2 Density – A Physical Property

3-3 The Properties of Mixtures

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Energy and Its Interaction With Matter

3-4 The Forms and Types of Energy

3-5 Energy Measurement and Specific Heat

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

CHAPTER 4 THE PERIODIC TABLE AND CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE

Part A Relationships Among the Elements and the Periodic Table

4-1 The Origin of the Periodic Table

4-2 Using the Periodic Table

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Formulas and Names of Compounds

4-3 Naming and Writing Formulas of Metal–Nonmetal Binary Compounds

4-4 Naming and Writing Formulas of Compounds with Polyatomic Ions

4-5 Naming Nonmetal-Nonmetal Binary Compounds

4-6 Naming Acids

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 5 CHEMICAL REACTIONSC

Part A The Representation of Chemical Changes and Some Types of Changes

5-1 Chemical Equations

5-2 Combustion, Combination, and Decomposition Reactions

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Ions in Water and How They React

5-3 The Formation of Ions in Water

5-4 Single-Replacement Reactions

5-5 Double-Replacement Reactions-Precipitation

5-6 Double-Replacement Reactions-Neutralization

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 6 QUANTATIES IN CHEMISTRY

Part A The Measurement of Mass of Elements and Compounds

6-1 Relative Masses of Elements

6-2 The Mole and the Molar Mass of Elements

6-3 The Molar Mass of Compounds

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Mass of Compounds and Their Component Elements

6-4 The Composition of Compounds

6-5 Empirical and Molecular Formulas

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 7 Quantitative Relationships in Chemical Reactions

Part A The Mass Relationships in Chemical Reactions

7-1 Stoichiometry

7-2 Limiting Reactant

7-3 Percent Yield

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Energy Relationships in Chemical Reactions

7-4 Heat Energy in Chemical Reactions

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 8 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY

Part A The Energy of the Electron in the Atom

8-1 The Emission Spectra of the Elements and Bohr’s Model

8-2 Modern Atomic Theory - A Closer Look at Energy Levels

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Periodic Table and Electron Configuration

8-3 Electron Configuration of the Elements

8-4 Orbital Diagrams of the Elements

8-5 Periodic Trends

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 9 THE CHEMICAL BOND

Part A Chemical Bonds and the Nature of Ionic Compounds

9.-1 Bond Formation and Representative Elements

9-2 Formation of Ions and Ionic Compounds

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Chemical Bonds and the Nature of Molecular Compounds

9-3 The Covalent Bond

9-4 Writing Lewis Structures

9-5 Resonance Structures

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Part C The Distribution of Charge in Chemical Bonds

9-6 Electronegativity and Polarity of Bonds

9-7 Geometry of Simple Molecules

9-8 Polarity of Molecules

9-9 Formal Charge (optional)

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part C

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 10 THE GASEOUS STATE

Part A The Nature of the Gaseous State and the Effects of Conditions

10-1 The Nature of Gaseous State and the Kinetic Molecular Theory

10-2 The Pressure of a Gas and Boyle’s Law

10-3 Charles’s, Gay-Lussac’s, and Avogadro’s Laws

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Relationships Among Quantities of Gases, Conditions, and Chemical Reactions

10-4 The Ideal Gas Law

10-5 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures

10-6 The Molar Volume and Density of a Gas

10-7 Stoichiometry Involving Gases

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 11 THE SOLID AND THE LIQUID STATES

Part A The Properties of Condensed States and the Forces Involved

11-1 Properties of the Solid and Liquid States

11-2 Intermolecular Forces and Physical State

11-3 The Solid State: Melting Point

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Liquid State and Changes in State

11-4 The Liquid State: Surface Tension, Viscosity, and Boiling Point

11-5 Energy and Changes in State

11-6 The Heating Curve of Water

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 12 AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS

Part A Solutions and the Quantities Involved

12-1 The Nature of Aqueous Solutions

12-2 The Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Solubility

12-3 Concentration: Percent by Weight

12-4 Molarity and Dilution of Concentrated Solutions

12-5 Stoichiometry Involving Solutions

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Effects of the Presence of Solutes in Water

12-6 Electrical Properties of Solutions

12-7 Physical Properties of Solutions

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 13 ACIDS, BASES, AND SALTS

Part A Acids, Bases, and the Formation of Salts

13-1 Properties of Acids and Bases

13-2 Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases

13-3 Strengths of Acids and Bases

13-4 Neutralization and Salts

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Measurement of Acid Strength

13-5 Equilibrium of Water

13-6 pH Scale

Summary of Major Concepts in Part B

Part C Salts and Oxides as Acids and Bases

13-7 The Effect of Salts on pH – Hydorlysis

13-8 Control of pH - Buffer Solutions

13-9 Oxides as Acids and Bases

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part C

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 14 OXIDATION-REDUCTION REACTIONS

Part A Redox Reactions – The Exchange of Electrons

14-1 The Nature of Oxidation and Reduction and Oxidation States

14-2 Balancing Redox Equations: Oxidation State Method

14-3 Balancing Redox Equations: Ion-Electron Method

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Spontaneous and Nonspontaneous Redox Reactions

14-4 Predicting Spontaneous Redox Reactions

14-5 Voltaic Cells

14-6 Electrolytic Cells

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 15 REACTION RATES AND EQUILIBRIUM

Part A Collisions of Molecules and Reactions at Equilibrium

15-1 How Reactions Take Place

15-2 The Rates of Chemical Reactions

15-3 Reactions at Equilbrium

15-4 Equilibrium and Le Chatelier’s Principle

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B The Quantitative Aspects of Reactions at Equilibrium

15-5 The Equilibrium Constant

15-6 Equilibria of Weak Acids and Bases in Water

15-7 Solubility Equilibria

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 16 NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Part A Naturally Occurring Radioactivity

16-1 Radioactivity

16-2 Rates of Decay of Radioactive Isotopes

16-3 Effects of Radiation

16-4 Detecting and Measuring Radiation

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Induced Nuclear Changes and Their Uses

16-5 Nuclear Reactions

16-6 Applications of Radioactivity

16-7 Nuclear Fission and Fission

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 17 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Part A Hydrocarbons

17-1 Bonding in Organic compounds

17-2 Alkanes

17-3 Alkenes and Alkynes

17-4 Aromatics

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Other Classes of Organic Compounds

17-5 Alcohols and Ethers

17-6 Aldehydes and Ketones

17-7 Amines

17-8 Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Amides

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

CHAPTER 18 BIOCHEMISTRY

Part A Three Basic Types of Biochemical Compounds

18-1 Lipids

18-2 Carbohydrates

18-3 Amino Acids and Proteins

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part A

Part B Biochemical Compounds and Life Functions

18-4 Enzymes

18-5 Nucleic Acids and Genetics

Key Terms and Summary Charts in Part B

Chapter Review

FOREWORD TO THE APPENDIXES

APPENDIX A BASIC MATHEMATICS

APPENDIX B BASIC ALGEBRA

APPENDIX C SCIENTIFIC NOTATION

APPENDIX D GRAPHS

APPENDIX E CALCULATORS

APPENDIX F GLOSSARY

APPENDIX G ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS

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