Basic Gas Chromatography / Edition 2

Basic Gas Chromatography / Edition 2

by Harold M. McNair, James M. Miller, Frank A. Settle, Mcnair
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0470439548

ISBN-13: 9780470439548

Pub. Date: 07/07/2009

Publisher: Wiley

The New Edition of the Well-Regarded Handbook on Gas Chromatography

Since the publication of the highly successful first edition of Basic Gas Chromatography, the practice of chromatography has undergone several notable developments. Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition covers the latest in the field, giving readers the most up-to-date

Overview

The New Edition of the Well-Regarded Handbook on Gas Chromatography

Since the publication of the highly successful first edition of Basic Gas Chromatography, the practice of chromatography has undergone several notable developments. Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition covers the latest in the field, giving readers the most up-to-date guide available, while maintaining the first edition's practical, applied approach to the subject and its accessibility to a wide range of readers.

The text provides comprehensive coverage of basic topics in the field, such as stationary phases, packed columns and inlets, capillary columns and inlets, detectors, and qualitative and quantitative analysis. At the same time, the coverage also features key additions and updated topics including:

  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
  • Sampling methods
  • Multidimensional gas chromatography
  • Fast gas chromatography
  • Gas chromatography analysis of nonvolatile compounds
  • Inverse gas chromatography and pyrolysis gas chromatography

Along with these new and updated topics, the references, resources, and Web sites in Basic Gas Chromatography have been revised to reflect the state of the field. Concise and fundamental in its coverage, Basic Gas Chromatography, Second Edition remains the standard handbook for everyone from undergraduates studying analytical chemistry to working industrial chemists.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470439548
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
07/07/2009
Series:
Techniques in Analytical Chemistry Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Sales rank:
808,686
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition ix

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1 Introduction 1

A Brief History 1

Definitions 3

Overview: Advantages and Disadvantages 9

Instrumentation 11

References 13

2 Instrument Overview 14

Carrier Gas 15

Flow Control and Measurement 16

Sample Inlets and Sampling Devices 20

Columns 23

Temperature Zones 24

Detectors 27

Data Systems 27

References 28

3 Basic Concepts and Terms 29

Definitions, Terms, and Symbols 29

The Rate Theory 40

A Redefinition of H 50

The Achievement of Separation 51

References 52

4 Stationary Phases 53

Selecting a Column 53

Classification of Stationary Phases for GLC 54

Liquid Stationary Phases (GLC) 65

Solid Stationary Phases (GSC) 69

References 69

5 Packed Columns and Inlets 71

Solid Supports 71

Liquid Stationary Phases 73

Solid Stationary Phases (GSC) 74

Gas Analysis 76

Analysis of Other Inorganics 80

Inlets for Liquid Samples and Solutions 80

Special Columns 81

Upgrading for Capillary Columns 82

References 83

6 Capillary Columns and Inlets 84

Types of OT Columns 84

OT Column Tubing 86

Advantages of OT Columns 89

Column Selection 91

Capillary Inlet Systems 97

Miscellaneous Topics 100

References 102

7 Detectors 104

Classification of Detectors 105

Detector Characteristics 108

Flame Ionization Detector (FID) 115

Thermal Conductivity Detector (TCD) 119

Electron Capture Detector (ECD) 122

Other Detectors 125

References 127

8 Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis 129

Qualitative Analysis 129

Quantitative Analysis 135

References 144

9 Programmed Temperature 145

Temperature Effects 145

Advantages and Disadvantages of PTGC147

Requirements of PTGC 149

Theory of PTGC 151

Special Topics 153

References 155

10 Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) 156

Instrumentation 157

History 165

Limitations of GC-MS Systems 166

Data Analysis 167

References 169

11 Multidimensional Gas Chromatography 170

Overview 170

Fundamental Principles of Multidimensional Chromatography 171

GC×GC with Heart Cutting 174

Comprehensive GC×GC 175

LC×GC with Heart Cutting 178

Comprehensive LC×GC 179

Summary 180

References 181

12 Sampling Methods 183

Overview 183

Liquid-Liquid Extraction (LLE) 185

Solid-Liquid Extraction: Soxhlet Extraction and Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE) 188

Liquid-Solid Extraction: Solid-Phase Extraction (SPE) 189

Liquid- or Solid-Vapor Extraction: Headspace Extraction 191

Solid-Phase Micro-extraction (SPME) 193

Additional Techniques and Summary 195

References 197

13 Special Topics 198

Fast GC 198

Chiral Analysis by GC 201

GC Analysis of Nonvolatile Compounds 202

References 205

14 Troubleshooting GC Systems 207

Appendix I Symbols and Acronyms 215

Appendix II Guidelines for Selecting Capillary Columns 218

Appendix III GC: How to Avoid Problems 220

Appendix IV Calculation of Split Ratio for Split Injection on OT Columns 222

Appendix V Operating Conditions for Capillary Columns 224

Appendix VI OV Liquid Phases Physical Property Data 225

Appendix VII Some Compressibility Correction Factors (J) 227

Appendix VIII Some Internet Websites for Gas Chromatographers 228

Appendix IX Other Books on Gas Chromatography 230

Index of Applications 231

Index 233

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