Basic Psychology: A Pearson Prentice Hall Portfolio Edition / Edition 1

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Overview

This two-color, brief paperback offers a "no-frills," lower-priced alternative for introductory psychology. Written by the respected Morris & Maisto author team, the abundance of pedagogical aids enhance readers¿ learning of the material presented. Thoroughly grounded in current research and covers all of the basic concepts in psychology such as: the science of psychology; the biological basis of behavior; sensation and perception; states of consciousness; learning; memory; cognition and mental abilities; motivation and emotion; life-span development; personality; stress and health psychology; psychological disorders; therapies; and social psychology. For psychologists and those interested in becoming successful in psychological science careers.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131505070
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 3/4/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 608
  • Product dimensions: 6.94 (w) x 9.12 (h) x 1.05 (d)

Read an Excerpt

We are pleased to introduce Basic Psychology, one of the texts in the Prentice Hall Portfolio Editions series. This series offers concise, value-priced, paperback textbooks on a variety of subjects. In Basic Psychology, our goal is to present the core information about introductory psychology in a straightforward, no-frills format, using engaging language that the average student can easily comprehend. Basic Psychology's brevity and affordability offer a low-cost alternative to students, and flexibility to instructors who want to incorporate other materials or activities into the course. STREAMLINED PEDAGOGY

In keeping with the goals of this text, we have streamlined the pedagogy in Basic Psychology to include a few key pedagogical features that will assist students in understanding the material:

  • A Chapter Outline provides students with a road map at the beginning of each chapter.
  • Illustrations of key concepts clarify complex processes with step-by-step explanations, particularly in the areas of neuroscience (Chapter 2), sensation and perception (Chapter 3), and memory (Chapter 6).
  • Summary Tables provide concise reviews of the most important concepts.
  • Key terms are printed in boldface and defined in the margin where they first appear, and are listed again at the end of chapters.
  • A Glossary at the end of the text provides a comprehensive listing of all the key terms and their definitions.
INTEGRATED COVERAGE OF CULTURE AND DIVERSITY For today's students and instructors of introductory psychology, diversity is more than simply an issue for discussion and debate; it is adaily reality. The challenge confronting any textbook author is to satisfy a heterogeneous audience without becoming trendy or unscientific. Over the last several years, the body of research examining issues of diversity has grown to significant levels. We have incorporated a wide range of material relating to diversity throughout Basic Psychology—both diversity within the North American population, and diversity across cultures worldwide. Some of this material includes: a section on "Human Diversity" in Chapter 1; information on culture and success in school in Chapter 7; coverage of women in the workforce in Chapter 9; a discussion of "Socioeconomic and Gender Differences in Coping with Stress" including the "tend-and-befriend" response among women in Chapter 11; recent material on cultural differences in abnormal behavior in Chapter 12; material on cultural differences in prevention programs, and recent statistics on gender differences in willingness to seek treatment in Chapter 13; a discussion of racism, recent research on cross-cultural differences in attribution, and information on cross-cultural replication of Milgram's research in Chapter 14.
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Table of Contents

1. The Science of Psychology.

What Is Psychology? The Growth of Psychology. Human Diversity. Research Methods in Psychology. Ethics and Psychology: Research on Humans and Animals. Careers in Psychology.

2. The Biological Basis of Behavior.

Neurons: The Messengers. The Central Nervous System. The Peripheral Nervous System. The Endocrine System. Genes, Evolution, and Behavior.

3. Sensation and Perception.

The Nature of Sensation. Vision. Hearing. The Other Senses. Perception.

4. States of Consciousness.

Conscious Experience. Sleep. Dreams. Drug-altered Consciousness. Meditation and Hypnosis.

5. Learning.

Classical Conditioning. Operant Conditioning. Factors Shared by Classical and Operant Conditioning. Cognitive Learning.

6. Memory.

The Sensory Registers. Short-Term Memory. Long Term Memory. The Biology of Memory. Forgetting. Special Topics in Memory.

7. Cognition and Mental Abilities.

Building Blocks of Thought. Language, Thought, and Culture. Problem Solving. Decision Making. Intelligence and Mental Abilities. Heredity, Environment, and Intelligence. Creativity. Answers to Problems in the Chapter. Answers to Intelligence Test Questions.

8. Motivation and Emotion.

Perspectives on Motivation. Hunger and Thirst. Sex. Other Important Motives. Emotions. Communicating Emotion.

9. Life-Span Development.

Enduring Issues and Methods in Developmental Psychology. Prenatal Development. The Newborn. Infancy and Childhood. Adolescence. Adulthood. Late Adulthood.

10 Personality.

Psychodynamic Theories. Humanistic Personality Theories. Trait Theories. Cognitive-Social Learning Theories. Personality Assessment.

11. Stress and Health Psychology.

Sources of Stress. Coping with Stress. How Stress Affects Health. Sources of Extreme Stress. The Well-Adjusted Person.

12. Psychological Disorders.

Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. Mood Disorders. Anxiety Disorders. Psychosomatic and Somatoform Disorders. Dissociative Disorders. Sexual and Gender-Identity Disorders. Personality Disorders. Schizophrenic Disorders. Childhood Disorders. Gender and Cultural Differences in Abnormal Behavior.

13. Therapies.

Insight Therapies. Behavior Therapies. Cognitive Therapies. Group Therapies. Effectiveness of Psychotherapy. Biological Treatments. Caring for the Seriously Disturbed and Preventing Disorders. Client Diversity and Treatment.

14. Social Psychology.

Social Cognition. Attitudes. Social Influence. Social Action.

Glossary.

Index.

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Preface

We are pleased to introduce Basic Psychology, one of the texts in the Prentice Hall Portfolio Editions series. This series offers concise, value-priced, paperback textbooks on a variety of subjects. In Basic Psychology, our goal is to present the core information about introductory psychology in a straightforward, no-frills format, using engaging language that the average student can easily comprehend. Basic Psychology's brevity and affordability offer a low-cost alternative to students, and flexibility to instructors who want to incorporate other materials or activities into the course.

STREAMLINED PEDAGOGY

In keeping with the goals of this text, we have streamlined the pedagogy in Basic Psychology to include a few key pedagogical features that will assist students in understanding the material:

  • A Chapter Outline provides students with a road map at the beginning of each chapter.
  • Illustrations of key concepts clarify complex processes with step-by-step explanations, particularly in the areas of neuroscience (Chapter 2), sensation and perception (Chapter 3), and memory (Chapter 6).
  • Summary Tables provide concise reviews of the most important concepts.
  • Key terms are printed in boldface and defined in the margin where they first appear, and are listed again at the end of chapters.
  • A Glossary at the end of the text provides a comprehensive listing of all the key terms and their definitions.

INTEGRATED COVERAGE OF CULTURE AND DIVERSITY

For today's students and instructors of introductory psychology, diversity is more than simply an issue for discussion and debate; it is a daily reality. The challenge confronting any textbook author is to satisfy a heterogeneous audience without becoming trendy or unscientific. Over the last several years, the body of research examining issues of diversity has grown to significant levels. We have incorporated a wide range of material relating to diversity throughout Basic Psychology—both diversity within the North American population, and diversity across cultures worldwide. Some of this material includes: a section on "Human Diversity" in Chapter 1; information on culture and success in school in Chapter 7; coverage of women in the workforce in Chapter 9; a discussion of "Socioeconomic and Gender Differences in Coping with Stress" including the "tend-and-befriend" response among women in Chapter 11; recent material on cultural differences in abnormal behavior in Chapter 12; material on cultural differences in prevention programs, and recent statistics on gender differences in willingness to seek treatment in Chapter 13; a discussion of racism, recent research on cross-cultural differences in attribution, and information on cross-cultural replication of Milgram's research in Chapter 14.

Read More Show Less

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