Basic Steps In Planning Nursing Research: From Question To Proposal / Edition 7

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Overview

Basic Steps in Planning Nursing Research: From Question to Proposal is the perfect introduction to the research process. It details the development of an effective research plan, and guides readers through all stages of the process from finding a research topic, to the final written proposal. It takes an in-depth focus on the planning process which makes it an excellent tool for beginners while still being relevant to people at all levels of study who need to develop a research plan.

The Seventh Edition continues to teach readers how to prepare an appropriate question and topic and the steps it takes formulate a conclusion. All of the chapters have been updated with new references and current information including a renewed focus on evidence-based practice and an expansion of research ethics. Proposals are included at the end of the text to help students learn.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Diane M Tomasic, EdD, RN (Slippery Rock University )
Description: This book introduces the research process with the focus on planning a research study.
Purpose: The purpose is to guide researchers in planning a study, from question development to the actual proposal. These are useful objectives in light of the effort needed to develop a research proposal.
Audience: Beginning researchers are the primary audience, but experienced researchers can use it as a resource.
Features: The authors stress the importance of writing a researchable question in the first chapter. The remaining chapters are the usual for a research book, such as problem identification, purpose, definition of terms, design, etc. What makes this book different is the focus on planning the study. The authors show readers how the entire process fits together. The final chapter details how to write a research proposal. Chapters have learning objectives and include many examples specific to the chapter topic. Seven appendixes provide exemplars of studies and proposals.
Assessment: This is a must for beginning researchers and a resource for experienced researchers. It guides researchers through the process from developing the research question to completing the proposal. The authors stress that rather than a comprehensive research text, this is a book that focuses on empirical or scientific research. Other resources are to be consulted for other philosophical research methods.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Diane M Tomasic, EdD, RN(Slippery Rock University )
Description: This book introduces the research process with the focus on planning a research study.
Purpose: The purpose is to guide researchers in planning a study, from question development to the actual proposal. These are useful objectives in light of the effort needed to develop a research proposal.
Audience: Beginning researchers are the primary audience, but experienced researchers can use it as a resource.
Features: The authors stress the importance of writing a researchable question in the first chapter. The remaining chapters are the usual for a research book, such as problem identification, purpose, definition of terms, design, etc. What makes this book different is the focus on planning the study. The authors show readers how the entire process fits together. The final chapter details how to write a research proposal. Chapters have learning objectives and include many examples specific to the chapter topic. Seven appendixes provide exemplars of studies and proposals.
Assessment: This is a must for beginning researchers and a resource for experienced researchers. It guides researchers through the process from developing the research question to completing the proposal. The authors stress that rather than a comprehensive research text, this is a book that focuses on empirical or scientific research. Other resources are to be consulted for other philosophical research methods.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780763771799
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Publication date: 2/26/2010
  • Edition description: 7E
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 512
  • Sales rank: 375,032
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Chapter 1 How to Write a Researchable Question 1

Research Topics 3

What Is a Researchable Question? 5

Asking Research Questions 7

Examining Components of a Research Question 10

Be Interested in Your Idea 21

Bibliography 23

Chapter 2 From Question to Problem 25

Finding the Level of Knowledge About a Topic 26

How to Search the Literature on Your Topic 32

Level of Theory and Level of Question 34

Developing the Research Problem from the Literature Review 36

Beginning with an Observation 41

Bibliography 47

Chapter 3 The Full and Final Research Problem 49

Elements of a Research Problem 50

The Psychology of Argument 55

Strongest Argument Last 57

Substantiate What You Say 58

Bibliography 60

Chapter 4 Critical Review of the Literature 63

Content of a Critique 66

What to Critique 66

How to Do a Critique 67

Guidelines for Critique of Published Research 75

Where Does the Critique Belong? 76

Bibliography 77

Chapter 5 Stating the Purpose of the Study 79

Level I The Purpose Written as a Declarative Statement 80

Level II The Purpose Written as a Question 82

Level III The Purpose Written as a Hypothesis 85

Examining the Components of a Hypothesis 90

The Significance of the Statement of Purpose 91

Stating the Purpose of the Study: A Summary 91

Bibliography 93

Chapter 6 Defining Your Terms 95

Types of Variables 100

Defining the Independent Variable 101

How Variables Are Measured 103

Terms That Need Definition 110

Writing Operational Definitions: A Review 110

Bibliography 112

Chapter 7 The Research Design: Blueprint for Action 113

Designing Your Study from the Question 115

Characteristics of Research Designs 116

Issues of Control 120

Descriptive Designs 121

Experimental Designs 131

Controlling Unwanted Influences 137

Level of Study and Degree of Control 145

Bibliography 147

Chapter 8 Selecting the Sample 151

Types of Samples 155

Sample Size 164

Level of Study and Sample Selection 166

Bibliography 169

Chapter 9 Selecting a Method to Answer the Question 171

Observation 173

Questionnaires and interviews 181

Available Data 192

Physiological Measures 194

Bibliography 195

Chapter 10 Reliability and Validity of Measurement 197

Errors in Data Collection Procedures 198

Validity 203

Reliability 209

Reliability and Validity Issues in Field Research Using Participant Observation 215

Reliability and Validity in the Research Plan 219

Self-Test 220

Bibliography 222

Chapter 11 Ethics in Nursing Research 225

Problems Involving Ethics 228

Informed Consent 233

Balancing Potential Benefit Against Actual Cost 235

Maintaining Anonymity and Confidentiality 237

Federal Guidelines on the Submission of Proposals for Review 238

Ethical Principles Underlying Protection of Human Subjects 240

Bibliography 243

Chapter 12 Planning for Analysis of Data 247

Descriptive Analysis 248

Inferential Analysis 261

Choosing a Statistical Test: What Does Your Hypothesis Ask? 264

The Answer Is in the Question 268

Bibliography 272

Chapter 13 Writing the Research Proposal 275

The Introductory Section: Research Problem 277

Form of the Final Research Problem 278

Statement of the Purpose of the Study 286

Definition of Terms 286

The Research Design 287

The Sample 288

Methods and Instruments 291

Reliability and Validity 291

Data Analysis 292

Ethics 293

In Summary 294

Variations in the Proposed Format 294

The Finished Proposal 297

Bibliography 299

Appendix A Appendix Contents: Sample Research Proposals 301

Appendix B The Experience of Nurse-Midwives in Ghana with the Use of the WHO Partograph 303

Appendix C The Incidence of Acute Stress Disorder Among Parents of Premature Infants Admitted into the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit 329

Appendix D Nausea and Vomiting Following Posterior Fossa Surgery: Determination of Incidence, Risk, and Protective Factors in Children 375

Appendix E The Impact of Older Maternal Age at First Birth on the Risk of Spontaneous Preterm Birth in Northern and Central Alberta 409

Appendix F Maintaining Catheter Patency Using Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator 453

Appendix G Standardized Telephone Triage Practice: Impact of Protocol Implementation on Reported job Stress and Satisfaction by Nurses in a Pediatric Oncology Outpatient Setting 477

Index 503

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