Basic Teachings of the Great Philosophers: A Survey of Their Basic Ideas

Overview

A complete summary of the views of the most important philosophers in Western civilization. Each major field of philosophic inquiry comprises a separate chapter for greater accessibility. Includes Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Dewey, Sartre, and many others.
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Overview

A complete summary of the views of the most important philosophers in Western civilization. Each major field of philosophic inquiry comprises a separate chapter for greater accessibility. Includes Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, Hegel, Dewey, Sartre, and many others.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780385030076
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 9/28/1962
  • Edition description: REV
  • Pages: 320
  • Sales rank: 513,721
  • Product dimensions: 5.14 (w) x 7.98 (h) x 0.68 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 1
I The Nature of the Universe 5
The Views of the Early Greek Philosophers 6
Plato's Theory of the Universe 10
Aristotle's Conception of the Universe 12
The Views of the Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics 16
The Universe According to the Greco-Religious Thinkers 18
The Position of the Early Christian Thinkers 19
The Positions of the Medieval Christian Thinkers 20
The Views of the Forerunners of the Renaissance 27
The Universe According to the Philosophers of the Renaissance 29
Descartes' Conception of the Universe 31
Spinoza's Theory of the Universe 33
The Positions of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume 35
Leibnitz' Theory of the Universe 39
Kant's Conception of the Universe 40
Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel 41
The Views of the Later German Philosophers 44
The Positions of John Stuart Mill and Herbert Spencer 47
Josiah Royce, William James, and John Dewey 49
The Views of Henri Bergson and George Santayana 51
II Man's Place in the Universe 53
Man's Importance According to the Early Greek Philosophers 54
The Positions of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 56
The Views of the Later Greek Thinkers 58
Man's Importance According to the Early Christian Thinkers 58
The Views of the Medieval Christian Thinkers 59
As Seen by the Forerunners of the Renaissance 62
The Positions of Bacon and Hobbes 63
The Views of Descartes and Spinoza 64
Man's Place as Seen by Locke, Berkeley, and Hume 65
The Views of Leibnitz 67
The Position of Rousseau 68
Kant's View of Man's Importance 68
Fichte, Schelling, Schleiermacher, and Hegel 69
The Views of Later German Thinkers 72
Man's Place According to Comte 74
The Positions of Mill and Spencer 75
The Views of James, Dewey, and Russell 77
III What Is Good and What Is Evil? 80
Good and Evil According to the Early Greek Philosophers 81
The Ethical Views of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 83
Good and Evil According to the Epicureans and Stoics 86
The Position of the Greco-Religious Thinkers 87
The Ethical Views of the Early Christian Thinkers 88
The Views of the Medieval Christian Thinkers 89
Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, and Leibnitz 91
The Ethical Philosophy of Kant 94
The Views of Fichte and Schopenhauer 95
According to Mill, Bentham, and Spencer 97
The Ethical Views of James and Dewey 98
IV The Nature of God 100
The Views of the Early Greek Philosophers 102
The Concept of God in the Thought of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 104
The Position of the Later Greek Thinkers 106
The Greco-Religious Ideas About God 107
The Early and Medieval Christian Conception of God 108
Bruno, Boehme, and Other Forerunners of the Renaissance 113
The Position of Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, and Pascal 114
The Nature of God According to Spinoza 116
The Views of Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Leibnitz 117
The Concept of God in the Thought of Kant 120
Fichte, Schelling, Schleiermacher, Hegel, and Later German Thinkers 121
The Position of Comte, Spencer, and Bradley 124
The Views of James and Dewey 124
V Fate versus Free Will 127
The Idea of Fate Among the Early Greek Thinkers 129
According to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 130
The Views of the Later Greek Philosophers 132
The Position of the Greco-Religious Thinkers 134
Early and Medieval Christian Thinkers 135
The Views of Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, and Spinoza 139
The Position of Locke, of Hume, and of Leibnitz 142
Fate and Free Will According to Voltaire and to Rousseau 145
Kant, Fichte, Schelling, Schopenhauer, and Other German Thinkers 146
The Position of Mill and of Green 150
The Views of James and Dewey 151
VI The Soul and Immortality 153
The Soul as Viewed by the Early Greek Philosophers 155
The Soul and Immortality According to Plato and Aristotle 157
The Position of the Later Greek Thinkers 159
The Views of Plotinus 160
The Early and Medieval Christian Conception of the Soul 160
The Soul According to the Forerunners of the Renaissance 162
The Views of Bacon and Hobbes 163
The Views of Descartes and Spinoza 163
Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Leibnitz 165
The Soul and Immortality According to Kant 167
Fichte, Schleiermacher, Herbart, and Schopenhauer 168
Recent and Present-Day Conceptions of the Soul and Immortality 170
VII Man and the State 175
The State as Viewed by the Early Greek Philosophers 178
The State According to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 181
The Positions of the Later Greek Thinkers 184
The Views of the Early Christian Thinkers 186
The Views of the Medieval Christian Thinkers 188
The State as Viewed by the Forerunners of the Renaissance 192
Machiavelli's Conception of the State 193
Grotius, Hobbes, and Other Thinkers of the Renaissance 194
The Views of Spinoza, Locke, and Adam Smith 196
The Position of Voltaire and of Rousseau 198
The State According to Hegel, Marx, and Lassalle 199
De Maistre, Saint-Simon, and Comte 200
The Views of Mill and Spencer 202
Nietzsche's Conception of the State 204
The Views of Dewey and Recent Thinkers 205
VIII Man and Education 207
Education as Viewed by the Early Greek Philosophers 209
According to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 210
The Roman Conception of Education 212
Early Christian Conception of Education 213
St. Benedict and the Monastic Way of Life 214
Education in the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance 215
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation 217
The Views of Bacon and Hobbes 218
Comenius' Philosophy of Education 218
Locke and Rousseau 219
Pestalozzi's Conception of Education 221
Herbart's View of Education 222
Froebel's Conception of Education 223
IX Mind and Matter 226
Mind and Matter as Contrasted by the Early Greek Thinkers 228
Plato, Aristotle, and the Later Greek Philosophers 230
The Positions of Philo and St. Augustine 233
According to the Medieval Christian Thinkers 234
Roger Bacon and Paracelsus 235
Francis Bacon and Hobbes 236
Descartes and Spinoza 238
Locke, Berkeley, and Hume 240
The Views of Leibnitz 241
Kant and Later German Philosophers 241
Bradley, Royce, and Bergson 244
Comte, James, Dewey, Santayana 244
X Ideas and Thinking 246
What Thinking Meant to the Early Greek Philosophers 247
According to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 249
The Views of the Later Greek Philosophers 250
The Medieval Christian View 251
Galileo and the Beginning of the Scientific Attitude 253
Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza 254
Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Leibnitz 256
Kant, Fichte, Hegel 257
Comte, Mill, Spencer 260
James and Dewey 260
XI Some Recent Approaches to Philosophy 263
Kierkegaard and the Beginnings of Existentialism 264
The Views of Heidegger, Jaspers, and Sartre 265
Three Philosophers of Science: Whitehead, Russell, and Moore 266
Logical Positivism 268
Two Philosophers of the Spirit 269
Some Current Philosophers in the Religious Tradition 270
Conclusion 272
Biographical Notes 275
Index 297
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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 5, 2004

    Good basic resource of major philosophic teachings

    Philosophy is an especially difficult subject to wade through. Frost presents a basic survey that aides even the brightest student of philosophy. Also Frost present all views from secular to Christian. He is very fair in this survey. This should be a textbook for surveys of philosophy in college.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 5, 2000

    Well Writen and Thought Provoking

    I thought this book opened ideas up in my mind and gave me a history of what the greatest philosophers thought about ideas such as Man's place in the universe and the soul and immortality.

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