Basic Weather Features

Overview

Meteorology may be defined as the study of phenomena of the atmosphere. As unpredictable as the weather seems, it is still the result of a great number of factors, which operate according to well-defined laws.

The weather affects us all from the type of clothing and shelter needed to where we choose our vacations. With this in mind, this meteorology book will touch on interesting features to help you understand what is affecting our daily ...

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Overview

Meteorology may be defined as the study of phenomena of the atmosphere. As unpredictable as the weather seems, it is still the result of a great number of factors, which operate according to well-defined laws.

The weather affects us all from the type of clothing and shelter needed to where we choose our vacations. With this in mind, this meteorology book will touch on interesting features to help you understand what is affecting our daily lives.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781592991099
  • Publisher: First Books
  • Publication date: 3/28/2005
  • Pages: 108
  • Product dimensions: 5.00 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 0.26 (d)

Read an Excerpt

Earth is third in distance from the sun. Maximum distance of the earth from the sun is 94 million miles in summer and minimum distance 91 million miles in winter.

Earth's motions are rotational and revolutional. Rotational is on the axis. It takes place in an eastward direction and is responsible for night and day.

Revolutional is around the sun. A complete revolution around the sun occurs approximately every 365¼ days.

Revolution around the sun and tilt on the axis are responsible for the seasons

.

Equinox - occurs on or about March 21st and September 22nd. The tilt of the earth on its axis is neither toward nor away from the sun. The earth receives equal numbers of the sun's rays in both the northern and southern hemispheres. The sun's rays shine most perpendicular at the equator.

Solstices - the earth is in summer solstice when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun at 23½° North on or about June 21st.

The sun shines over the North Pole down the other side to a latitude of 66½° South. The most perpendicular sun rays are received at the Tropic of Cancer (23½° North).

Summation of Equinox and Solstice

Vernal Equinox (March 21) - when the earth's axis is perpendicular to the sun's rays. Spring begins in the Northern Hemisphere and fall begins in the Southern Hemisphere.

Summer Solstice (June 21) - when the sun has reached its northern-most point.

Autumnal Equinox (September 22) - when the sun's rays again reach their zenith over the equator as in the Vernal Equinox.

Winter Solstice (December 22) - when the sun has reached its southern-most point at the Tropic of Capricorn - winter then begins in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Earth and Sun Relationships
Solar Radiation
Sunspots
Solar Flares
Light
Atmospheric Phenomena
Anticyclones
Cyclones
Monsoon Winds
Jet Stream
Earth and Its Motions
Earth Heat Zones
Layers of the Atmosphere
Atmospheric Composition
Water Vapor Characteristics
General Motions of the Atmosphere
Motions of the Atmosphere
Climate
Climate Zones and Controls
Climate Control Factors
Air Masses
Air Mass Source Regions
Classification of Air Masses
Modifications of Air Masses
Weather Related to Air Masses
Winter Air Masses
Winter Air Masses (mP)
Winter Air Masses (mT)
Winter Air Masses (mTw)
Winter Air Masses (cT)
Summer Air Masses (mP)
Summer Air Masses (cP)
Summer Air Masses (mT)
Summer Air Masses (mT - Southwestern Europe and Asia)
Summer Air Mass (cT) North American
Continental Tropical (cT)
Azore-Bermuda High
Wind
Land and Sea Breezes
Mountain and Valley Winds
Foehn Wind
Funnel Effect
Glacier Winds
Pressure
Barometers
Temperature
Temperature Scales
Humidity
Dew Point
Clouds
Cloud Families
Low Cloud Family
Middle Cloud Family
High Cloud Family
Fronts
Relation of Fronts and Air Masses
Cold Fronts
Slow-Moving Cold Front
Fast-Moving Cold Fronts
Squall Lines
Warm Fronts
Occluded Fronts
Occluded Fronts - Warm & Cold
Occluded Fronts - Weather
Stationary Fronts
Stationary Fronts - Warm Air Weather
Stationary Fronts - Cold Air Weather
Pressure Air Fronts
Relation of Fronts to Cyclones
Frontal Movements
Front Movement Modifications
Other Modifying Effects on Fronts
Tropical Cyclones
Classifications of Tropical Cyclones
Life Cycle of the Tropical Cyclone
Evolution of the Tropical Cyclone
Characteristics of Tropical Cyclones
Tropical Cyclone Features (Elements)
Source Regions of Tropical Cyclones
Northern Hemisphere - Atlantic
Source Regions of Tropical Cyclones
Northern Hemisphere - Pacific
Ocean Currents
Gulf Stream System
Florida Current
Gulf Stream
North Atlantic Current
North Pacific Currents
Kiroshio System
North Pacific Current
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