Baudelaire and Caricature: From the Comic to an Art of Modernity / Edition 1

Baudelaire and Caricature: From the Comic to an Art of Modernity / Edition 1

by Michele Hannoosh
     
 

ISBN-10: 0271008040

ISBN-13: 9780271008042

Pub. Date: 08/28/1992

Publisher: Penn State University Press

Baudelaire's essays on caricature offered the first sustained defense of the value of caricature as a serious art, worthy of study in its own right. This book argues for the crucial importance of the essays for his conception of modernity, so fundamental to the subsequent history of modernism. From the theory of the comic formulated in De l'essence du rire

…  See more details below

Overview

Baudelaire's essays on caricature offered the first sustained defense of the value of caricature as a serious art, worthy of study in its own right. This book argues for the crucial importance of the essays for his conception of modernity, so fundamental to the subsequent history of modernism. From the theory of the comic formulated in De l'essence du rire to his discussions of Daumier, Goya, Hogarth, Cruikshank, Bruegel, Grandville, Gavarni, Charlet, and many others, Baudelaire develops not only an aesthetic of caricature but also a caricatural aesthetic—dual and contradictory, grotesque, ironic, violent, farcical, fantastic, and fleeting—that defines an art of modern life.

In particular, Baudelaire's insistence on the dualism and ambiguity of laughter has radical implications for such emblems of modernity as the city and the flâneur who roams the streets. The modern city is the space of the comic, a kind of caricature, presenting the flâneur with an image of dualism, one's position as subject and object, implicated in the same urban experiences one seems to control. The theory of the comic invests the idea of modernity with reciprocity, one's status as laughter and object of laughter, thus preventing the subjective construction and appropriation of the world that has so often been linked with the project of modernism. Comic art reflects what Walter Benjamin later defined as Baudelairean allegory, at once representing and revealing the alienation of modern experience. But Baudelaire also transforms the dualism of the comic into a peculiarly modern unity— the doubling of the comic artist enacted for the benefit of the audience, the self-generating and self-reflexive experience of the flâneur in a "communion" with the crowd. This study examines his views in the context of the history of comic theory and contemporary accounts of the individual artists. Complete with illustrations of the many works discussed, it illuminates the history and theory of caricature, the comic, and the grotesque, and adds to our understanding of modernism in literature and the visual arts.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780271008042
Publisher:
Penn State University Press
Publication date:
08/28/1992
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
List of Illustrations
Introduction1
1Baudelaire's Theory of the Comic: De l'essence du rire9
The Scope of the Comic11
Le rire est satanique, il est donc profondement humain15
The Theory of Superiority26
Knowledge, Civilization, and the Comic32
The Types of the Comic38
Examples and Exempla45
The Paradox of the Comic Artist68
2Quelques caricaturistes francais75
Vernet, Pigal, and Charlet84
Daumier113
Monnier, Grandville, and Gavarni152
Trimolet and Travies181
3Quelques caricaturistes etrangers191
Hogarth, Seymour, and Cruikshank193
Goya210
Leonardo and Pinelli224
Bruegel235
Pieces retrouvees: Hood and Rethel240
4The Comic and Modernity251
The Salon de 1846255
The Dualism of Art261
The Dualism of Man268
Cosmopolitanism and Dedoublement288
An Art of the City299
Conclusion309
Selected Bibliography317
Index335

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >