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Bayesian Methods: A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach / Edition 1
     

Bayesian Methods: A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach / Edition 1

by Jeff Gill
 

ISBN-10: 1584882883

ISBN-13: 9781584882886

Pub. Date: 05/29/2002

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This is the first book to provide a comprehensive but accessible introduction to Bayesian data analysis designed specifically for those in the social and behavioral sciences. Requiring few prerequisites, it first introduces Bayesian statistics and inference, then provides explicit guidance on assessing model quality and model fit, and finally introduces

Overview

This is the first book to provide a comprehensive but accessible introduction to Bayesian data analysis designed specifically for those in the social and behavioral sciences. Requiring few prerequisites, it first introduces Bayesian statistics and inference, then provides explicit guidance on assessing model quality and model fit, and finally introduces hierarchical models within the Bayesian context, which leads naturally to Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques and other numerical methods. The author emphasizes practical computing issues, includes specific details for Bayesian model building and testing, and uses the freely available R and BUGS software for examples and exercise problems.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781584882886
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/29/2002
Series:
Chapman & Hall/CRC Statistics in the Social and Behavioral Sciences Series
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.18(d)

Table of Contents


BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION
Introduction
Motivation and Justification
Why Are We Uncertain about Probability
Bayes Law
Bayes Law and Conditional Inference
Historical Comments
The Scientific Process in Our Social Sciences
LIKELIHOOD INFERENCE AND THE GENERALIZED LINEAR MODEL
Motivation
Likelihood Theory and Estimation
The Generalized Linear Model
Numerical Maximum Likelihood
Advanced Topics
THE BAYESIAN SETUP
The Basic Framework
Context and Controversy
Rivals for Power
Example: The Timing of Polls
THE NORMAL AND STUDENT'S-T MODELS
Why Be Normal
The Normal Model with Variance Known
The Normal Model with Mean Known
Multivariate Normal Model When m and S Are Both Unknown
Final Normal Comments
The Students-t Model
Advanced Topics
THE BAYESIAN PRIOR
A Prior Discussion of Priors
A Plethora of Priors
ASSESSING MODEL QUALITY
Motivation
The Bayesian Linear Regression Model
Example: The 2000 US Election in Palm Beach County
Sensitivity Analysis
Robustness Evaluation
Comparing Data to the Posterior Predictive Distribution
Concluding Remarks
Advanced Topics
BAYESIAN HYPOTHESIS TESTING AND THE BAYES FACTOR
Motivation
Bayesian Inference and Hypothesis Testing
The Bayes Factor as Evidence
The Bayesian Information Criterion
Things about the Bayes Factor That Do Not Work
Concluding Remarks
Advanced Topics
BAYESIAN POSTERIOR SIMULATION
Background
Basic Monte Carlo Integration
Rejection Sampling
Classical Numerical Integration
Importance Sampling/Sampling Importance Resampling
Mode Finding and the EM Algorithm
Concluding Remarks
Advanced Topics
BASICS OF MARKOV CHAIN MONTE CARLO
Who is Markov and What is He Doing with Chains?
General Properties of Markov Chains
The Gibbs Sampler
The Metropolis-Hastings Algorithm
Data Augmentation
Practical Considerations and Admonitions
Historical Comments
BAYESIAN HIERARCHICAL MODELS
Introduction to Hierarchical Models
A Poisson-Gamma Hierarchical Model
The Role of Priors and Hyperpriors
Specifying Hierarchical Models
Exchangeability
Computational Issues
Advanced Topics
PRACTICAL MARKOV CHAIN MONTE CARLO
The Problem of Assessing Convergence
Model Checking and Assessment
Improving Mixing and Convergence
Hybrid Markov Chains
Answers to the Really Practical Questions
Advanced Topics
Each chapter also contains References and Exercises

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