Bearing Witness: Readers, Writers, and the Novel in Nigeria

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Overview

Greed, frustrated love, traffic jams, infertility, politics, polygamy. These—together with depictions of traditional village life and the impact of colonialism made familiar to Western readers through Chinua Achebe's writing—are the stuff of Nigerian fiction. Bearing Witness examines this varied content and the determined people who, against all odds, write, publish, sell, and read novels in Africa's most populous nation.

Drawing on interviews with Nigeria's writers, publishers, booksellers, and readers, surveys, and a careful reading of close to 500 Nigerian novels—from lightweight romances to literary masterpieces—Wendy Griswold explores how global cultural flows and local conflicts meet in the production and reception of fiction. She argues that Nigerian readers and writers form a reading class that unabashedly believes in progress, rationality, and the slow-but-inevitable rise of a reading culture. But they do so within a society that does not support their assumptions and does not trust literature, making them modernists in a country that is simultaneously premodern and postmodern.

Without privacy, reliable electricity, political freedom, or even social toleration of bookworms, these Nigerians write and read political satires, formula romances, war stories, complex gender fiction, blood-and-sex crime capers, nostalgic portraits of village life, and profound explorations of how decent people get by amid urban chaos. Bearing Witness is an inventive and moving work of cultural sociology that may be the most comprehensive sociological analysis of a literary system ever written.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Winner of the 2002 Best Book Award

"By using extensive interviews with publishers, booksellers, and readers, along with surveys and her own insights into the novels, Griswold offers on of the few truly comprehensive views of the world of literature in Africa. It is also a wonderfully optimistic book that suggests the vitality of the written word in contemporary Nigerian life."Choice

"Griswold wears her learning lightly, using footnotes to show broader debates, keeping her text uncluttered. . . . Bearing Witness provides a useful counterbalance to much detached, contemporary literary criticism; it demonstrates the needs for novels to be examined by scholars from a variety of disciplines."—James Gibbs, World Literature Today

"It is rare to find an American scholar so committed to and successful in melding the approaches of the social sciences and the humanities as Griswold does."—Vera Zolberg, American Journal of Sociology

"To those readers who have explicit memories of Nigeria, whether good or not so good: Please read Wendy Griswold's Bearing Witness. And likewise to those who have never been to Nigeria: please read Grisworld's book. In other words, for anyone with an interest in historical political, cultural, and literary development in Nigeria (and Africa in general), Bearing Witness is a very good book."—Glen Bush, African Studies Review

Choice
By using extensive interviews with publishers, booksellers, and readers, along with surveys and her own insights into the novels, Griswold offers on of the few truly comprehensive views of the world of literature in Africa. It is also a wonderfully optimistic book that suggests the vitality of the written word in contemporary Nigerian life.
World Literature Today
Griswold wears her learning lightly, using footnotes to show broader debates, keeping her text uncluttered. . . . Bearing Witness provides a useful counterbalance to much detached, contemporary literary criticism; it demonstrates the needs for novels to be examined by scholars from a variety of disciplines.
— James Gibbs
American Journal of Sociology
It is rare to find an American scholar so committed to and successful in melding the approaches of the social sciences and the humanities as Griswold does.
— Vera Zolberg
African Studies Review
To those readers who have explicit memories of Nigeria, whether good or not so good: Please read Wendy Griswold's Bearing Witness. And likewise to those who have never been to Nigeria: please read Grisworld's book. In other words, for anyone with an interest in historical political, cultural, and literary development in Nigeria (and Africa in general), Bearing Witness is a very good book.
— Glen Bush
World Literature Today - James Gibbs
Griswold wears her learning lightly, using footnotes to show broader debates, keeping her text uncluttered. . . . Bearing Witness provides a useful counterbalance to much detached, contemporary literary criticism; it demonstrates the needs for novels to be examined by scholars from a variety of disciplines.
American Journal of Sociology - Vera Zolberg
It is rare to find an American scholar so committed to and successful in melding the approaches of the social sciences and the humanities as Griswold does.
African Studies Review - Glen Bush
To those readers who have explicit memories of Nigeria, whether good or not so good: Please read Wendy Griswold's Bearing Witness. And likewise to those who have never been to Nigeria: please read Grisworld's book. In other words, for anyone with an interest in historical political, cultural, and literary development in Nigeria (and Africa in general), Bearing Witness is a very good book.
World Literature Today
Griswold wears her learning lightly, using footnotes to show broader debates, keeping her text uncluttered. . . . Bearing Witness provides a useful counterbalance to much detached, contemporary literary criticism; it demonstrates the needs for novels to be examined by scholars from a variety of disciplines.
— James Gibbs
African Studies Review
To those readers who have explicit memories of Nigeria, whether good or not so good: Please read Wendy Griswold's Bearing Witness. And likewise to those who have never been to Nigeria: please read Grisworld's book. In other words, for anyone with an interest in historical political, cultural, and literary development in Nigeria (and Africa in general), Bearing Witness is a very good book.
— Glen Bush
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Figures ix
Acknowledgments xi
Abbreviations xiii
Key Dates In Nigerian History xv
CHAPTER 1 To Understand the Novel in Nigeria 3
In Nigeria 6
The Novel 13
To Understand 17
CHAPTER 2 The Nigerian Fiction Complex 26
The Novels 29
The Writers 38
The Business 60
The Readers 88
CHAPTER 3 Nigerian Novels 120
Village and City 12 3
Women and Men 167
Pen and Sword 208
Crime and Politics 238
CHAPTER 4 Capturing the Past and Inventing the Future 269
APPENDIX A. Nigerian novels 275
APPENDIX B. Nigerian authors 288
APPENDIX C. Coding forms 292
Notes 297
Bibliography 323
INDEX 333

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