Becoming a Behavioral Science Researcher: A Guide to Producing Research That Matters / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Buy Used
Buy Used from
(Save 34%)
Item is in good condition but packaging may have signs of shelf wear/aging or torn packaging.
Condition: Used – Good details
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $20.18
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 54%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (8) from $20.18   
  • New (3) from $35.46   
  • Used (5) from $20.18   


Students and beginning researchers often discover that their introductory statistics and methods courses have not fully equipped them to plan and execute their own behavioral research studies. This indispensable book bridges the gap between course work and conducting independent research. With clarity and wit, the author helps the reader build needed skills to formulate a precise, meaningful research question; understand the pros and cons of widely used research designs and analysis options; correctly interpret the outcomes of statistical tests; make informed measurement choices for a particular study; manage the practical aspects of data screening and preparation; and craft effective journal articles, oral presentations, and posters. Including annotated examples and recommended readings, most chapters feature theoretical and computer-based exercises, complete with an answer appendix so readers can check their work.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Nicholas Greco IV, MS, BCETS, CATSM (Columbia College of Missouri)
Description: This informative guide on how to successfully conduct and present research across all areas of behavioral science should be the desktop mentor for all graduate students and current researchers.
Purpose: The book is designed to help readers gather all of the knowledge gained through their coursework and experiences and consolidate it into meaningful practice. It is about being able to bridge the gap between coursework and independent research. This gap tends to be where the most errors occur. Using such a reference will help researchers greatly reduce or eliminate these errors.
Audience: All students and beginning researchers will benefit from this book, especially those in the behavioral sciences. This could easily be a standalone book for a course or seminar as well as a supplemental text for any graduate or advanced level course in research methods. The author has done an exceptional job of closing the gap that has existed for far too long.
Features: The book covers the gray areas that coursework cannot in the allotted time, such as the main problems and concerns of behavioral science research. There are strong reviews of validity and reliability and must-needed chapters on statistics and effect sizes. I enjoyed the focus on measurement, which is an area that in recent years has not received much attention but definitely deserves it. The chapters on writing and presentations are must-read and provide great do's and don'ts that even the most seasoned researchers still need.
Assessment: I love this book. As a behavioral science researcher for a major pharmaceutical company and an educator, I will use this book and recommend it to my colleagues and students.
From the Publisher

"Outstanding! Kline is masterful in helping to fill the sometimes cavernous gap between research coursework and applied practice. The focus on modern approaches, including emphasis on replication and effect sizes, represents a new (and needed) generation of research texts, which will benefit advanced undergraduate and graduate students alike in their research courses and seminars. The book honestly and artfully walks the fine line between applied accessibility and necessary depth of content."--Robin K. Henson, PhD, Department of Educational Psychology, University of North Texas

"Many beginning graduate students find that conventional statistics and methods courses do not give them enough of the practical skills in data analysis, interpretation, and oral and written communication that they need to succeed. Kline has given us a wonderfully wise guide to these skills. This book is beautifully written, entirely practical, and includes the latest statistical approaches. It is essential reading for anyone who wishes to become a successful behavioral science researcher today."--Geoff Cumming, DPhil, School of Psychological Science (Emeritus), La Trobe University, Australia

"A book designed to improve the quality of behavioral and social science research and the way in which it is communicated. I would strongly recommend this text for use in both undergraduate and graduate research methods courses. It offers students a glimpse of many important issues in the field. In particular, the emphasis on, and presentation of, measurement and statistics reform should truly benefit students. This book is a valuable resource for anyone who intends to pursue a career in the behavioral or social sciences."--Chris L. S. Coryn, PhD, Director, Interdisciplinary PhD Program in Evaluation, The Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University

"This book could be used in a graduate seminar that has the goals of bridging the gap between statistics and methods courses and preparing students to conduct good research. I appreciated the section on data screening--a crucial topic--and found the author's treatment of how to write each section of an empirical paper quite valuable. The APA style manual is not nearly as instructive. This text is the kind of book that you keep; it would serve as a handy reference."--Theresa DiDonato, doctoral candidate, Department of Psychology, Brown University

"This is more than a textbook; it is a portable mentor! Kline brings his considerable knowledge and approachable style to the aid of advanced undergraduates and graduate students alike. The book addresses so many issues that fall through the cracks in our fragmented coursework, such as the general integration of design, measurement, and analysis. I would be remiss if I did not make this mandatory reading for all of my students."--Gregory R. Hancock, PhD, Professor and Chair, Department of Measurement, Statistics and Evaluation, University of Maryland, College Park

"Kline has written the finest synthesis of initiating and finishing research for graduate students that I have read. It is comprehensive, integrative, and couched at a level that will engage students in the research process. I wish I'd had this book when I was first starting out. This text could be used in a proseminar or basic research methods course for first-year graduate students, an honors undergraduate class, or an upper-division thesis course."--William R. Shadish, PhD, Chair, Psychological Sciences Section, University of California, Merced

"This book helps me sell research to my students and present the big picture like no other methods text I’ve seen. It not only covers basic research designs and methods, but also provides the most current treatment of effect sizes, meta-analysis, and the paradigmatic shift from significance tests to model fitting--all within a painfully honest critique of the limits of research as currently conducted and published, and what social scientists need to do to improve it. Like Kline’s book on structural equation modeling (which was all I needed to learn SEM), this book is crystal clear and engaging. Yet what makes it most unique and essential for my students is its synthetic approach and attention to the big issues. This is what I most want my students to learn. They can easily find more information about specific designs and sampling techniques, but if they don’t 'get' research--its purpose, meaning, and importance--then I haven’t done my job."--Michael J. Karcher, EdD, PhD, Department of Counseling, University of Texas at San Antonio


"The organization of chapters and sections makes this an extremely flexible resource that can be used in a variety of classes. Each chapter is primarily devoted to one independent topic, which allows for easy distribution to students without the need for additional chapters from the book....The major sections of the book revolve around themes that could easily be split up and covered in different classes....The complete book could undoubtedly be used as a supplement to an advanced research design and analysis course or as a way to guide mentoring of a research student. This amazing flexibility makes this book an invaluable addition to any teacher's library....It not only provides a current look at the field of behavioral science but also provides a means for moving the field forward. Each chapter provides current information on how to design, analyze, and present research that will invigorate psychology. Because of Kline's wonderfully comprehensive work, the book is an easy reference for all researchers looking for more modern approaches to research design and analysis. Even the most informed psychologist is likely to learn something by reading this book....A superb resource for students and teachers alike....It would enhance any psychology curriculum and help the students of today become first-rate researchers of tomorrow."--PsycCRITIQUES
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781593858377
  • Publisher: Guilford Publications, Inc.
  • Publication date: 9/5/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 367
  • Sales rank: 1,329,857
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Rex B. Kline is Associate Professor of Psychology at Concordia University in Montréal, Québec, Canada. Since earning a doctorate in psychology, his areas of research and writing have included the psychometric evaluation of cognitive abilities in children, child clinical assessment, structural equation modeling, statistics reform, and usability engineering in computer science. Dr. Kline has published four books, several chapters, and more than 40 articles in research journals.
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents


1. Introduction

Not Ready for Prime Time

What Students Say They Need

Plan of the Book

Career Paths for Behavioral Scientists


Recommended Readings

2. The Good, the Bad, and (the Really) Ugly of Behavioral Science Research           

The Good

The Bad

The (Really) Ugly



Recommended Readings


3. The Research Trinity

Trinity Overview




Internal Validity

Construct Validity

Conclusion Validity

External Validity and Sampling


Recommended Readings


4. Design and Analysis           

Chapter Overview

From Question to Design

Experimental Designs

Controlled Quasi-Experimental Designs

Nonequivalent-Group Designs

Regression-Discontinuity Designs

Other Quasi-Experimental Designs

Nonexperimental Designs

Resources for Learning More


Recommended Readings


5. The Truth about Statistics

Study Strategy

A Dozen Truths about Statistics

What Statistical Significance Really Means

Misinterpretations of Statistical Significance

Why Are There So Many Myths?

Other Drawbacks of Statistical Tests

In Defense of Statistical Tests

Recommendations for Changing Times


Recommended Readings


Appendix 5.1. Review of Statistics Fundamentals

6. Effect Size Estimation

Contexts for Estimating Effect Size

Families of Parametric Effect Sizes

Estimating Effect Size When Comparing Two Samples

Measures of Association for More Complex Designs

Effect Sizes for Dichotomous Outcomes

T-Shirt Effect Sizes, Importance, and Cautions

Approximate Confidence Intervals

Research Examples


Recommended Readings


Appendix 6.1. Noncentrality Interval Estimation for Effect Sizes

7. Measurement

Chapter Scope

The Critical Yet Underappreciated Role of Measurement

Measurement Process Overview

Resources for Finding Measures

Adapting or Translating Tests

Evaluation of Score Reliability and Validity

Checklist for Evaluating Measures

Recent Developments in Test Theory


Recommended Readings



8. Practical Data Analysis

Vision First, Then Simplicity

Managing Complex Analyses (Batch to the Future)

Data Screening


Recommended Readings


9. Writing

Plagiarism and Academic Integrity

Writing as Learning

Getting Started

The Role of Style Guides

General Principles of Good Writing

Principles of Good Scientific Writing

Writing Sections of Empirical Studies

Effective Graphical Displays

Ready for the Big Time


Recommended Readings

Appendix 9.1. Example Results Section

10. Presentations

Challenges of Oral Presentations

Problems with PowerPoint Presentations

Principles for Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations

Lessons from Multimedia Learning

Other PowerPoint Issues

Poster Presentations


Recommended Readings


Appendix 10.1. 4-Color Example Slides, Handout, and Poster

Suggested Answers to Exercises

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)