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Main text for undergraduate and graduate courses in Elementary Reading/Literacy Instruction. This is a practical “how to do” book that represents a synthesis of many points of view on how to assess the reading needs of children and to address them with highly effective teacher-tested strategies. Organized around stages of development rather than randomly arranged topics.
Stages of Literacy Development.
Content and Features of the Text.
I. The Beginning Reader.
1. Emergent Reading Stage.
Concept and Language Development.
Principles and Conditions of Language Learning.
Goals and Instruction in the Emergent Reading Stage.
A Word About Packaged Programs.
Assessing Early Literacy Development.
2. Initial Reading Stage: The Process of Learning to Read.
Goal 1: Understanding Reading as a Meaning-Making Process.
Goal 2: Acquiring Sight Vocabulary.
Goal 3: Developing Word Identification Strategies.
3. Initial Reading Stage: Instructional Approaches and Programs.
II. Becoming Fluent.
4. Transitional Stage.
Goal 1: Fluency.
Goal 2: Motivation to Read and Write.
Goal 3: Emphasis on Reading for Meaning.
Sources of Appropriate Literature for Transitional Stage Readers of Different Ages.
III. Fluent Readers.
5. Basic Literacy Stage.
The Comprehension Process.
6. Vocabulary Development.
How Conceptual Knowledge Is Acquired.
Guidelines for Vocabulary Instruction.
General Vocabulary Instruction.
7. Effective Reading of Texts.
Preparation for Reading: Content.
Preparation for Reading: Form.
Follow-Up to Reading: Questions and Answers.
8. Study Strategies.
Organizing and Summarizing Information.
Retaining and Using Information.
9. Refinement Stage.
Effective Instructional Programs.
10. Refinement Stage: Content Area Reading.
Teacher-Directed Study of Informational Texts.
Independent Study Strategies.
V. Organizing and Managing Classroom Reading Instruction.
12. Organization and Management.
Factors That Influence Organization.
13. Ms. Stein’s First Grade: A Literature-Based Program.
Ms. Stein’s Program.
How Ms. Stein Developed Her Program.
14. Mr. Gordon’s Fourth Grade: Using Basal Readers.
Mr. Gordon’s Program.
How Mr. Gordon Developed His Program.
15. Instructing Readers with Differences.
Readers with Linguistic Differences.
Appendix A: Informal Assessment of Study Strategies.
Appendix B: Examiners Manual: Informal Assessment of Elementary Reading.
Appendix C: Gorham (ME) Schools Literacy Guide.