Becoming Who We Are: Temperament and Personality in Developmentby Mary K. Rothbart
What are the basic dimensions of temperament? How does temperament influence children's relationships to their physical and social worldsand their behavior and adjustment across the lifespan? What are its biological underpinnings? From preeminent researcher Mary Rothbart, this work comprehensively examines the role of temperament in the development of
What are the basic dimensions of temperament? How does temperament influence children's relationships to their physical and social worldsand their behavior and adjustment across the lifespan? What are its biological underpinnings? From preeminent researcher Mary Rothbart, this work comprehensively examines the role of temperament in the development of personality and psychopathology. In a direct and readable style, Rothbart combines theory and research with everyday observations and clinical examples. She offers new insights on "difficult" children and reviews intervention programs that address temperamental factors in childhood problems. Dr. Rothbart received the Eleanor Maccoby Book Award from Division 7 (Developmental Psychology) of the American Psychological Association for this book.
Description: This book draws upon the author's distinguished career as a professor of psychology and her interest in temperament, emotions, and social development to provide readers with an understanding and appreciation of the structure and disposition of temperament and the effect that it has on personality development and the ability to make adjustments.
Purpose: The purpose is to explore the dimensions of temperament and how they relate to the biology of the person; how our genetic makeup contributes to our temperament; how temperament influences adjustments to others and the physical world; and to what degree temperament and personality can change or contribute to change in the person. These objectives further not only our scholarly understanding of temperament and social development, but also make the topic accessible to scholars, professionals, and lay readers, especially parents and teachers. The author effectively describes the historical context and understanding of temperament, and the book supports her notion that an understanding of temperament is essential to our understanding of personality and social development.
Audience: It is targeted at undergraduate and graduate students, human development professionals, teachers, and parents. It would also be helpful for life/executive coaches and individuals who are trained to use psychometric tools in their practice.
Features: The author provides a historical and accessible understanding of the structural framework of temperament. The material on temperament covers development in infancy, adolescence, and adulthood, how the child learns and makes meaning out of this learning, and what effect parenting, culture, and the environment have on development. The author presents a broad review of temperament, which gives readers opportunities to extend their understanding. The ratio of old (pre-2000) to new references is approximately 60% - 40%. I would have liked an appendix that went into more detail about specific groundbreaking scholarly work, and why it added to our understanding of temperament and its impact on development.
Assessment: As a professional who embraces the scholar-practitioner approach and pedagogy, I found this book increased my awareness and reflection about temperament. Up until now, my understanding of temperament came from my graduate school training and my certification in the use of the Myers-Briggs Type Instrument (MBTI), Introduction to Type: A Guide to Understanding Your Results on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 6th edition, Myers, I. B., revised by L. K. Kirby and K. D Myers (CPP, Inc., 1998).
- Guilford Publications, Inc.
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- 8.80(w) x 5.90(h) x 1.00(d)
Meet the Author
Mary K. Rothbart, PhD, is Distinguished Professor Emerita of Psychology at the University of Oregon. Her research has focused on temperament, attention, emotion, and social development, and she has developed several widely used measures of temperament, including parent and self-report questionnaires, home observations, and laboratory observations. Dr. Rothbart's work with Michael Posner has explored the cognitive skills, attention networks, and attention genes that support effortful control in children. She has coauthored or coedited numerous books and has received numerous awards. Most recently, she received the Eleanor Maccoby Book Award from Division 7 (Developmental Psychology) of the American Psychological Association, for Becoming Who We Are. Dr. Rothbart has also received the Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Science of Psychology from the American Psychological Foundation, the G. Stanley Hall Award for Distinguished Contribution to Developmental Psychology from the American Psychological Association, and the Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Child Development from the Society for Research in Child Development. One of the offshoots of her early temperament research was the founding of Birth to Three, a parent support and education program that has reached thousands of families in the United States and abroad, and which recently celebrated its 30th birthday. Dr. Rothbart is most pleased to have received Birth to Three's Champion of Children award.
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