Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

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Overview

For many agricultural crops, bees play a vital role as pollinators, and this book discusses the interplay among bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as pollinators, managed bumble bees and solitary bees are also critical for the successful pollination of certain crops, while wild bees provide a free service. As bees liberally pass pollen from one plant to the next, they also impact the broader ecosystem, and not always to the benefit of humankind. Bees can enhance the unintentional spread of genes from genetically engineered plants, and may increase the spread of invasive weeds. Conversely, genetically engineered plants can impact pollinators, and invasive weeds can supply new sources of food for these insects. Bees' flower-visiting activities also can be exploited to help spread biological control agents that control crop pests, and they are important for native plant reproduction. Managing bees for pollination is complex and the factors that must be taken into consideration are treated here, including bee natural history, physiology, pathology, and behavior. Furthermore, transporting bees from native ranges to new areas for pollination services can be controversial, and needs to be done only after assuring that it will not disrupt various ecosystems. Even though bees are small, unobtrusive creatures, they play large roles in the ecosystem. The connection between bees and humankind also is symbolic of a broader interconnection between humans and the natural world.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Listed in Ecology

"This book will go a long way toward keeping non-Apis bees in the limelight. It represents a compendium of the latest thinking on the issues surrounding the place of wild bees in sustainable agriculture. I highly recommend it for readers interested in the public conversation on bee decline and pollination."—Keith S. Delaplane, The Quarterly Review of Biology

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195316957
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 9/9/2008
  • Pages: 248
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Rosalind R. James is Research Leader of the USDA Agricultural Research Services Pollinating Insect Biology, Systematics, and Management Research Unit in Logan, Utah.

Theresa L. Pitts-Singer is a Research Entomologist in the USDA Agricultural Research Services Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory in Logan, Utah.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Christopher O'Toole
PART 1: BEE-PROVIDED DELIVERY SERVICES
1. Bees in Nature and on the Farm, Theresa L. Pitts-Singer and Rosalind R. James
2. Crop Pollination Services from Wild Bees, Claire Kremen
3. Crop Pollination in Greenhouses, Jose M. Guerra-Sanz
4. Pollinating Bees Crucial to Farming Wildflower Seed for U.S. Habitat Restoration, James H. Cane
5. Honey Bees, Bumble Bees, and Biocontrol: New Alliances Between Old Friends, Peter G. Kevan, Jean-Pierre Kapongo, Mohammad Al-mazra'awi, and Les Shipp
PART 2: MANAGING SOLITARY BEES
6. Life Cycle Ecophysiology Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators, Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra,and William P. Kemp
7. Past and Present Management of Alfalfa Bees, Theresa L. Pitts-Singer
8. The Problem of Disease When Domesticating Bees, Rosalind R. James
PART 3: ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH BEES
9. Environmental Impact of Exotic Bees Introduced for Crop Pollination, Carlos H. Vergara
10. Invasive Exotic Plant-Bee Interactions, Karen Goodell
11. Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically-Modified Crops, James E. Cresswell
12. Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination, Lora A. Morandin
13. The Future of Agricultural Pollination, Rosalind R. James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

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