Before the Fallout: From Marie Curie to Hiroshima

Overview

In 1898, Marie Curie first described a phenomenon she called "radioactivity." A half-century later, two physicists would stand before dawn in the New Mexico desert, slathering themselves with sunscreen-and fearing that the imminent test detonation might ignite Earth's atmosphere in a cataclysmic chain reaction and transform our planet into a burning star.

This is the epic story of Curie's quest to unlock the secrets of the material world; of the scientists-Rutherford, Bohr, ...

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Overview

In 1898, Marie Curie first described a phenomenon she called "radioactivity." A half-century later, two physicists would stand before dawn in the New Mexico desert, slathering themselves with sunscreen-and fearing that the imminent test detonation might ignite Earth's atmosphere in a cataclysmic chain reaction and transform our planet into a burning star.

This is the epic story of Curie's quest to unlock the secrets of the material world; of the scientists-Rutherford, Bohr, Einstein, Oppenheimer-who built upon her work; of the day the first weapon of mass destruction dropped on Hiroshima, bringing both sudden terror and sudden peace, and of the new era of global uncertainty that emerged in its wake. With the clarity of great science writing, the vividness of historical narrative and the insight of biography, Before the Fallout is an unforgettable and sweeping account of the scientific discovery that changed the world.

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Editorial Reviews

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The blinding flash that seared Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, was the culmination of a half century of scientific creativity and international turmoil. In the aptly titled Before the Fall-Out, author Diana and Michael Preston utilize primary sources to describe the movement toward this defining moment in history. Some aspects of this story are familiar, but the Prestons tell it with unexpected freshness and insight.
Marcia Bartusiak
"History," writes Preston, " . . . is inherently about people, how they thought, what they did with their thoughts, and how they interacted with the individuals immediately around them." With Before the Fallout , she conveys that history with both style and compassion.
— The Washington Post
Library Journal
The well-worn saga of the events, circumstances, and personalities that culminated in the detonation of the first atomic bomb has been recounted in several books; yet, the story remains compelling. Historian Preston (A First Rate Tragedy: Robert Falcon Scott and the Race to the South Pole) offers an expansive account covering half a century, beginning with Marie and Pierre Curie's 1898 discovery of radium and continuing through other important scientific findings (e.g., Einstein's relativity theory and Heisenberg's quantum mechanics). She draws on numerous primary sources, including interviews with surviving scientists, to offer an insightful, engaging, and surprisingly fast-moving account, although there is little content that can be characterized as groundbreaking. The concluding chapter entertains several intriguing "what if" scenarios. While Preston's book captures the dynamic of an exuberant scientific community against the backdrop of world war, Richard Rhodes's masterful The Making of the Atomic Bomb remains the standard.-Gregg Sapp, Science Lib., SUNY at Albany Copyright 2005 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
Science is a cumulative and collaborative process, even when it's put to the job of killing people. Thus, writes popular historian/biographer Preston (A Pirate of Exquisite Mind, 2004, etc.), "the destructive flash that seared Hiroshima into history was the culmination of fifty years of scientific creativity and more than fifty years of political and military turmoil." Many of the best scientific minds from many countries had been engaged in coaxing out the secret of the atom ever since Marie and Pierre Curie coined the word radioactivity in 1898. Shortly after the news escaped in 1939-despite Niels Bohr's efforts to keep it quiet-that expatriate German scientists had discovered how to split an atom's nucleus, more than a dozen laboratories around the world succeeded in producing nuclear fission. Some classically trained scientists could scarcely believe such reports; Robert Oppenheimer, for instance, protested that fission was an impossibility; all the same, writes Preston, "within days he had changed his mind and was speculating that this 'could make bombs.'" Preston ably shows the like evolution of thought across the worldwide community of science, as nuclear programs sprang up in the Soviet Union, Japan, Britain, and Nazi Germany. Some failed, she suggests, for political reasons, and some of those for reasons of mere expediency; the Soviet Union could conceivably have had a uranium bomb in WWII, but a leading scientist there argued that while the nuclear bomb was theoretically possible, "the Soviet Union was not ready for such a step; an atom bomb was not a weapon for the war with Germany but a matter for the future." Whence, of course, the arms race that defined the nascent Cold War,with which Preston closes her narrative, giving readers a where-are-they-now view of some of the high clergy in the church of mutually assured destruction. A touch narrower than Gerard DeGroot's indispensable The Bomb: A Life (p. 31), but still a useful, very accessible summary of things atomic.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780425207895
  • Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 3/7/2006
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 1,504,322
  • Product dimensions: 6.15 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Meet the Author

Diana Preston is an Oxford-trained historian, writer, and broadcaster who lives in London, England. She is the author of The Road to Culloden Moor: Bonnie Prince Charlie and the ’45 Rebellion and A First Rate Tragedy: Robert Falcon Scott and the Race to the South Pole.

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