Before the Quagmire: American Intervention in Laos, 1954-1961

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Overview

In the decade preceding the first U.S. combat operations in Vietnam, the Eisenhower administration sought to defeat a communist-led insurgency in neighboring Laos. Although U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s focused primarily on threats posed by the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China, the American engagement in Laos evolved from a small cold war skirmish into a superpower confrontation near the end of President Eisenhower's second term. Ultimately, the American experience in Laos foreshadowed many of ...

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Before the Quagmire: American Intervention in Laos, 1954-1961

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Overview

In the decade preceding the first U.S. combat operations in Vietnam, the Eisenhower administration sought to defeat a communist-led insurgency in neighboring Laos. Although U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s focused primarily on threats posed by the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China, the American engagement in Laos evolved from a small cold war skirmish into a superpower confrontation near the end of President Eisenhower's second term. Ultimately, the American experience in Laos foreshadowed many of the mistakes made by the United States in Vietnam in the 1960s.

In Before the Quagmire: American Intervention in Laos, 1954--1961, William J. Rust delves into key policy decisions made in Washington and their implementation in Laos, which became first steps on the path to the wider war in Southeast Asia. Drawing on previously untapped archival sources, Before the Quagmire documents how ineffective and sometimes self-defeating assistance to Laotian anticommunist elites reflected fundamental misunderstandings about the country's politics, history, and culture. The American goal of preventing a communist takeover in Laos was further hindered by divisions among Western allies and U.S. officials themselves, who at one point provided aid to both the Royal Lao Government and to a Laotian general who plotted to overthrow it. Before the Quagmire is a vivid analysis of a critical period of cold war history, filling a gap in our understanding of U.S. policy toward Southeast Asia and America's entry into the Vietnam War.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
Journalist and historian Rust (Kennedy in Vietnam: American Vietnam Policy, 1960–1963) makes a major contribution to the literature on America’s Southeast Asian involvement with this comprehensively researched, well-written study of a usually overlooked aspect. Dwight Eisenhower’s presidential reputation rests in good part on his management of foreign policy crises. Rust makes a convincing case for Laos as a glaring exception. As early as 1954 Eisenhower’s administration was seeking to counter a Communist insurgency in that newly independent state. The result was “ case study in transforming a small foreign-policy problem into a large one.” Recognizing its taproots in cold war anxiety and groupthink, Rust describes a pattern of intervention in Laotian politics that only destabilized noncommunist elements. The CIA, State Department, and military held differing opinions and worked at cross purposes. Seeking a quick solution, the U.S. overemphasized military assistance. It supported would-be leaders more concerned with gaining power than fighting insurgents. Eventually the U.S. wound up supporting both the government and a faction seeking to overthrow it. The Soviet Union, perceiving itself challenged, became directly and diplomatically engaged in the conflict. As Rust ably demonstrates, Laos prefigured Vietnam. 26 photos, 2 maps. Agent: John Ware, John A. Ware Literary Agency. (June)
From the Publisher

"William J. Rust effectively argues that US handling of the situation in Laos was a key misstep in regional affairs and a precursor to the Vietnam War. But the book is actually a diplomatic process tutorial that explains what happens when government officials and interested parties seek to manipulate circumstances to their own ends....Rust's excellent account of US-Laotian conundrums fills a historiographical gap and will assuredly be the standard work. It is an essential reference for those interested in the pre-Vietnam War era and America's general involvement in Southeast Asian Cold War Affairs." -- The Historian

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813135786
  • Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
  • Publication date: 5/22/2012
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

William J. Rust, a former journalist and communications consultant, is the author of Kennedy in Vietnam: American Vietnam Policy, 1960--1963.

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Table of Contents

Maps vi

Abbreviations ix

Introduction: Interested Outside Powers 1

1 The Most Difficult Post in the Entire Foreign Service 14

2 A Frontier Country in the Cold War 43

3 Behind the Scenes 66

4 Dangerously Unstable 87

5 Drawing the Line 105

6 Dichotomy 132

7 Normal Dishonesty 158

8 Unacceptable Developments 175

9 Who the Hell Is Our Boy? 202

10 Virtually a Traitor 229

Epilogue: A Legacy of Strife and Confusion 256

Acknowledgments 271

Notes 273

Bibliography 297

Index 307

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted July 9, 2013

    Worthy Addition

    Rust, like a good journalist, has captured the chaos that was US policy in Southeast Asia and left us asking more questions. He exposes the confusion (Who the Hell is Our Boy?) and the difficulties inherent in the area. The book calls out for more scholarship....what was behind the French position? What was Souvanna's motivation? Most importantly we see this from the US view. What was the thinking going on in Vietnam and China at the same time? Clearly our intelligence apparatus was Eurocentric and Laos while important to the White House was not well understood.
    It was also interesting to note the prevalence and faults of decision makers from Ivy League schools.
    Good epilogue. If this material is new to the reader it might we worthwhile to start reading there.

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