Behavioral Development

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First Published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

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Editorial Reviews

Inaugurates a new scholarly series of works dedicated to honor the contributions of T.C. Schneirla. This volume presents original research and theoretical papers based on the approach/withdrawal concept, a major theoretical contribution by Schneirla to developmental psychobiology and comparative psychology. Discussions of A/W theory are presented from several levels: biochemical and neural, developmental, individual organismic, and social. Finally, the editors define the idea of integrative levels and discuss its ramifications for psychology. The papers were originally presented at the fifth T.C. Schneirla Conference at Pennsylvania State U. in November 1989. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Series Editors' Preface
1 The Historical Development of the Approach/Withdrawal Concept 3
2 Dialectical and Dynamical Systems of Approach and Withdrawal: Is Fighting a Fractal Form? 19
3 Approach/Withdrawal Theory and Comparative Psychology 77
4 Schneirla's A/W Biphasic Processes Theory 89
5 Cellular and Network Processes Involved in Biphasic Responses to Noxious Stimulation in Aplysia: Prospects for a Reductionist Analysis 99
6 Nerve Growth Factor and Cholinergic Development: Biochemical Levels in Approach/Withdrawal Processes 131
7 What and Where Are Memories? 153
8 An Analysis of Approach/Withdrawal Processes in the Initiation of Maternal Behavior in the Laboratory Rat 177
9 The Mediation of Aggressive Behavior in Mice: A Discussion of Approach/Withdrawal Processes in Social Adaptations 231
10 Beyond Attachments: Toward a General Theory of the Development of Relationships in Infancy 287
11 The Approach/Withdrawal Concept: Associations with Salient Constructs in Contemporary Theories of Temperament and Personality Development 329
12 Approach/Withdrawal Processes in Infancy: The Relationship between Parasympathetic Tone and Infant Temperament 371
13 One View of the Concept of Integrative Levels 399
14 The Concept of Levels of Integration 415
15 Definitions of Levels of Integration 417
16 The Integration of Levels and Human Development: A Developmental Contextual View of the Synthesis of Science and Outreach in the Enhancement of Human Lives 421
Epilogue 447
Contributors 451
Index 455
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