Behavioral Neuroscience for the Human Services: Foundations in Emotion, Mental Health, Addiction, and Alternative Therapies

Behavioral Neuroscience for the Human Services: Foundations in Emotion, Mental Health, Addiction, and Alternative Therapies

by Harriette C. Johnson, PhD
     
 

Are biology and psychology inseparable? For many decades, this notion was not seriously entertained by purveyors of psychological wisdom. Now, fast-growing new technologies for studying the brain have discredited the dichotomous biology-psychology divide, demonstrating that the foundations of psychology are based in neurobiological structures and functions, both

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Overview

Are biology and psychology inseparable? For many decades, this notion was not seriously entertained by purveyors of psychological wisdom. Now, fast-growing new technologies for studying the brain have discredited the dichotomous biology-psychology divide, demonstrating that the foundations of psychology are based in neurobiological structures and functions, both inborn (temperament) and sometimes modified through interacting with environments.

This book for social workers illustrates how social, psychological, and biological factors interact to shape a client's unique experience. While the field-and its longstanding texts-has for decades recognized the psychosocial elements that can help or hinder health and well being, it has been slow to integrate biological advances into its knowledge base. "Synapse and System" revolutionizes the way students learn to understand, assess, and treat their clients. Emphasizing the deep interconnectedness of genes and the physical and social context in which disorders take shape, this book introduces the fundamentals of neurochemistry and the biological roots of addiction, mental illness, trauma, attachment, and violence.

In addition, it provides neuroscience fundamentals, incorporates new advances in neuroscience critical for practice, such as analysis and illustration of two examples of complex neural circuits, for pleasure and for trauma, and introduces many rich multidisciplinary research findings across practice areas.

The result is a masterful treatment of social work's hallmark person-in-environment perspective that gives students a deep appreciation for the complex interactions among biological and social forces that can shape the development of, and response to, mental illness and social problems.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199794157
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
02/17/2014
Pages:
432
Sales rank:
1,462,996
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

PART I
Our Professions Come of Age
Neuroscience Knowledge and Tools for Biopsychosocial Practice

1. Why should I care about brain science? I'm a "People" person
2. Neuroscience knowledge: How Is It Faring at the Beginning of the Second Decade of the Millennium?
3. Normality, Professional Culture, and Psychiatric Disorders: Diagnosing Jared
4. Breaking through: Is it nature or nurture? Domains of biological influence on psychological functions
5. Why do we know so much more now than a few years ago?..........
6. What can we make of Jenny's rages? Biology-environment disputesamong mental health social work specialists
7. The biopsychosocial perspective:Theoretical frameworks, unifying themes
8. The biopsychosocial perspective: Genetics, epigenetics, and complex adaptive systems
9. Assessment and intervention planning with individuals and families: Three tools for combining multisystem and evidence-based analysis
10. Complementary roles of quantitative and narrative approaches: How we used them together to learn about parent/professional relationships

PART II
Fundamentals of Neuroscience: Brain Works

11. Brain Structures: Larger (Visible to the Human Eye)
12. Structures: Microscopic (Neurons, Synapses, and Other Amazing Contributors to Brain Works)
13. The Brain's Natural Chemicals: Precursors, Messengers, and Enzymes
14. Neurotransmission: How the Brain Sends and Receives Messages
15. Neurotransmitters: Synthesis through Release in Four Steps
16. Outcomes: The Fifth Step in Neurotransmission
17. Some Classes of Drugs and Other Substances: Actors in the Brain
18. Using Neuroscience Information to Empower (excerpt from process recording)

PART III
Hidden Circuits
Neural Networks Today, Connectomes on the Horizon

19. Human Neural Systems Working For You Day and Night
20. Pleasures: Your Favorites, My Favorites, and How Brain Ingenuity Puts Them on the Map.
21. Eating: The Pleasures that Keep on Pleasing
22. Eating and Obesity: Has Pleasure Vanquished Homeostasis?
23. Trauma and Stress: Neural Networks
24. Jason: Multiple Traumas, Social Work Interventions

PART IV
Substance Abuse and Addiction
Definitions, Contributing Factors, and Interventions

25.Addiction: Definitions, Risk and Protective Factors
26. Brain Structures and Systems Involved in Substance Abuse and Addiction
27. How Do We Become Addicted? Brain Changes and Psychological Changes
28 Cultures of Therapy and the Recovery Boondoggle
29. Some Street Drugs-How They Can Get You Hooked
30. How Do Psychosocial Interventions Work in the Context of a Changed Brain?
31. Treat Drugs with Drugs? Is That Craziness?
32. Assessing Pat: (A) Food Struggles and Mental Challenges. A Young Woman and Her Family Respond to Co-occurring Conditions

PART V
Child and Adult Development
Recent Research on Critical Developmental Topics

33. Genes, Temperament, and Resilience
34. Affiliation, Bonding, and Attachment
35. Stress and Vulnerability
36. Critical Periods in Child Development
37.Tyrone: ADHD, Genes, Environmental Stressors, and Family Coping
38. Consciousness: An Evolutionary Perspective

PART VI
Mental Health and Mental Illness
Medical Conventions, : Recent Research, from Assessment to Intervention Planning

39. Approaching the Era of the DSM-5: Sea Change in Practice Ideologies?
40. What Is Borderline Personality Disorder?
41. What can today's neuroscience tell us about mental conditions? Borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a case in point
42. Neuroscience with Social Science Can Give Us Insights about Pat
43. Borderline Characteristics:Medications
44. Borderline Characteristics: Non-Pharmacological Interventions
45. Assessing Pat (B), MEBA items 8-13 (continued from Part IV, MEBA items 1-7):Thoughts of death, borderline dimensions, and obsessive-compulsive traits in a person with eating challenges

PART VII

Multiple Routes to Quality of Life:
Recent Research on Supportsfor Living

46. Authenticity in therapeutic alternatives: How can I tell the best natural treatments from snake oil?
47. Traditional, alternative, and integrative medicine, plus None-of-the above: How they can elevate our emotions, cognitions, and behaviors
48. None-of-the-Above: Exercise as a major example1
49. Alternatives to conventional treatments: David's mother draws on new knowledge to find better help for David

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