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Behavioural Diversity in Chimpanzees and Bonobos / Edition 1

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Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) are the only two species of the genus Pan, and are humans' nearest relatives. This book is an extensive review of the most recent observations from field studies on the diversity of Pan social behavior, with contributions from many of the world's leading experts. A wide range of social behavior is discussed including tool use, hunting, reproductive strategies, conflict management, demographic variables and ecological constraints. In addition to interspecies behavioral diversity, this text describes exciting new research into variations between different populations of the same species.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'This is an excellent book on the state of the art and I recommend it to you. It contains new data, evaluates old theories, proposes new ideas, indicates the limits of our knowledge and demonstrates that data always trump theory, no matter how seductive the logic.' Ethology

'Certainly the calibre of the editorship and contributing authors augers well for the quality of the resulting volume which is divided into five parts: Behavioural flexibility; Social relations; Female strategies, Hunting and food sharing; Genetic diversity.' Primate Eye

'Most primatologists will find something of interest and value in this edited volume, and at the unusually low price at which it is offered, I can recommend it highly.' Folia Primatologica

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521006132
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

Christophe Boesche is a Scientific Director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.

Gottfried Hohmann is a research assistant at the Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.

Linda F. Marchant is Professor of Biological Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at Miami University, Ohio, USA

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Table of Contents

List of contributors
Behavioural Diversity in Pan 1
Pt. I Behavioural Flexibility
1 Multivariate and phylogenetic approaches to understanding chimpanzee and bonobo behavioral diversity 14
2 Chimpanzees in the dry habitats of Assirik, Senegal and Semliki Wildlife Reserve, Uganda 35
3 Behavioural adaptations to water scarcity in Tongo chimpanzees 52
4 Bonobos of the Lukuru Wildlife Research Project 61
5 Grooming-hand-clasp in Mahale M Group chimpanzees: implications for culture in social behaviours 71
Pt. II Social Relations
6 Factors influencing fission-fusion grouping in chimpanzees in the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire 90
7 Ecological and social correlates of chimpanzee party size and composition 102
8 Agonistic relations among Kanyawara chimpanzees 112
9 Relationships of male chimpanzees in the Budongo Forest, Uganda 124
10 Dynamics in social organization of bonobos (Pan paniscus) 138
Pt. III Female Strategies
11 Why female bonobos have a lower copulation rate during estrus than chimpanzees 156
12 Social relationships between cycling females and adult males in Mahale chimpanzees 168
13 Seasonal aspects of reproduction and sexual behavior in two chimpanzee populations: a comparison of Gombe (Tanzania) and Budongo (Uganda) 181
14 Costs and benefits of grouping for female chimpanzees at Gombe 192
15 The cost of sexual attraction: is there a trade-off in female Pan between sex appeal and received coercion? 204
Pt. IV Hunting and Food Sharing
16 Variations in chimpanzee-red colobus interactions 221
17 How bonobos handle hunts and harvests: why share food? 231
18 Hunting and meat sharing by chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda 244
Pt. V Genetic Diversity
19 The evolutionary genetics and molecular ecology of chimpanzees and bonobos 259
Index 277
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