Beneath the American Renaissance: The Subversive Imagination in the Age of Emerson and Melville [NOOK Book]

Overview

The award-winning Beneath the American Renaissance is a classic work on American literature. It immeasurably broadens our knowledge of our most important literary period, as first identified by F.O. Matthiessen's American Renaissance. With its combination of sharp critical insight, engaging observation, and narrative drive, it represents the kind of masterful cultural history for which David Reynolds is known. Here the major works of Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, and Dickinson receive ...
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Beneath the American Renaissance: The Subversive Imagination in the Age of Emerson and Melville

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Overview

The award-winning Beneath the American Renaissance is a classic work on American literature. It immeasurably broadens our knowledge of our most important literary period, as first identified by F.O. Matthiessen's American Renaissance. With its combination of sharp critical insight, engaging observation, and narrative drive, it represents the kind of masterful cultural history for which David Reynolds is known. Here the major works of Emerson, Thoreau, Whitman, Poe, Hawthorne, Melville, and Dickinson receive striking, original readings set against the rich backdrop of contemporary popular writing. Now back in print, the volume includes a new foreword by historian Sean Wilentz that reveals the book's impact and influence. A magisterial work of criticism and cultural history, Beneath the American Renaissance will fascinate anyone interested in the genesis of America's most significant literary epoch and the iconic figures who defined it.
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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
Poe's portraits of psychopathic murderers, Melville's studies of incest and deceit, Whitman's hymns to sexual passion and Hawthorne's allegories of social outcasts had roots in the popular writings of their daypenny newspapers, crime pamphlets, erotic fiction, sensational novels, Oriental and visionary tales. In a massive, dense study, Reynolds, who teaches at Rutgers, shows that 19th century American writers were not isolated elitists, as assumed. Emerson, for example, infused his essays with the color and imagery of torrid evangelical preaching; Emily Dickinson drew upon the ``literature of misery,'' feminist ficiton which projected an embittered female self; Melville grafted such genres as mystery fiction, yellow novels and Yankee humor. Astonishing in its scope and wealth of new connections, this sweeping study is a landmark in the reevaluation of 19th century American literature. Illustrations not seen by PW. April
Library Journal
Using the products of popular culture between 1820 and 1855 more comprehensively than do other Renaissance scholars, Reynolds tries to fix our ``classic'' texts e.g., Moby Dick as culminating transfigurations of, rather than anomalous reactions against, the voluminous literature of their day. He focuses especially on the various reform literatures, new religious evangelical style, and flood of popular fiction, arguing that our major writers were able to absorb the style, themes, and genres of these sub-literary materials without sacrificing aesthetic control. Though he tends to overstate specific influences and embraces too mechanical a model for the creative process, his argument and impressive display of materials make for a significant contribution to American studies. Earl Rovit, City Coll., CUNY
From the Publisher
"Impressively informed and heroic . . . An original piece of work that gives the literary canon and its contexts a good shaking." —Justin Kaplan, The New York Times Book Review

"A monumental revisionist study of 19th-century American literature that challenges both popular critical conceptions of Emerson, Whitman, Poe, et al., as well as fashionable schools of literary analysis. . . . A tremendous work of scholarship." —Kirkus

"More than 40 years ago the critic F.O. Matthiessen published The American Renaissance, his landmark study of the flowering of American writing in the years before the Civil War . . . David Reynolds's large, richly suggestive book expands Matthiessen's thesis, not only adding Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson as central figures but also focusing on the forgotten mass of popular literature of the time." —The Economist

"What Reynolds challenges in a book of remarkable verve, comparable in length and richness to Matthiessen's book but otherwise very different, is the view that the foremost figures of the nation's literary past were isolated and estranged from the American mainstream...Reynolds has excellent things to say about all of his chief writers...[He] offers fresh insights into the deliberate paradoxes of democratic republicanism...Social historians will gain intriguing new material from this book." —Marcus Cunliffe, American Historical Review

"Beneath the American Renaissance is a welcome contribution to American literary scholarship, much of which has attempted to preserve a cultural hegemony . . . Reynolds merits praise for his painstaking survey of popular writing and the brilliance with which he locates elements of popular culture in the major texts." —American Literature

"A rich, grand, transforming book, an inspired feat of literary and historical imagination." —Kenneth Silverman, New York University

"This is one of those rare books whose accomplishment equals its ambition....Reynolds's Beneath the American Renaissance should be read by all serious students of American culture...I believe that Beneath the American Renaissance will stand beside F.O. Matthiesen's great American Renaissance (1941) as a foundation to our knowledge about this seminal period in American cultural history. —Philip F. Gura, Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199976409
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 6/1/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 847,126
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

David S. Reynolds is Distinguished Professor of English and American Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. His books include Walt Whitman's America, Waking Giant: America in the Age of Jackson, John Brown, Abolitionist, and Mightier than the Sword: Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Battle for America.

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Part I God's Bow, Man's Arrows: Religion, Reform, and American Literature

Chapter One: The New Religious Style
Chapter Two: The Reform Impulse and the Paradox of Immoral Didacticism
Chapter Three: The Transcendentalists, Whitman, and Popular Reform
Chapter Four: Hawthorne and the Reform Impulse
Chapter Five: Melville's Whited Sepulchres

Part II: Public Poison: Sensationalism and Sexuality

Chapter 6 The Sensational Press and the Rise of Subversive Literature
Chapter 7 The Erotic Imagination
Chapter 8 Poe and Popular Irrationalism
Chapter 9 Hawthorne's Cultural Demons
Chapter 10 Melville's Ruthless Democracy
Chapter 11 Whitman's Transfigured Sensationalism

Part III: Other Amazons: Women's Rights, Women's Wrongs, and the Literary Imagination
Chapter 12: Types of American Womanhood
Chapter 13: Hawthorne's Heroines
Chapter 14 The American Women's Renaissance and Emily Dickinson

Part IV The Grotesque Posture Popular Humor and the American Subversive Style

Chapter 15 The Carnivalization of American Language
Chapter 16 Transcendental Wild Oats
Chapter 17 Whitman's Poetic Humor
Chapter 18 Stylized Laugher in Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville

Epilogue Reconstructive Criticism: Literary Theory and Literary History
Notes
Index

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