Beneath the Mask: An Introduction to Theories of Personality / Edition 8

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Beneath the Mask presents classical theories of human nature while emphasizing the theorist's progression of ideas. The eighth edition continues to discuss the ideas of personality theorists developmentally. This account of personality theory incorporates the personal origins of ideas to highlight the links between the psychology of each theorist and that theorist's own psychology of persons. It also explores how the personal histories, conflicts, and intentions of the theorist entered that thinker's portrait of people.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Gary B Kaniuk, Psy.D.(Cermak Health Services)
Description: This introduction to personality theory using a developmental approach emphasizes various theorists' own work and how their ideas developed over time. The previous edition was published in 2003.
Purpose: The book "presents classical theories of human nature, much as each theorist might if the theorist were to teach his or her ideas to people encountering them for the first time," while highlighting "the theorist's progression of ideas, for often the sequence of the theorist's thinking and the changes embodied in the stream of ideas over time are more engaging and valuable than the final product."
Audience: Students, most likely undergraduate, are the intended audience. Robert Sollod (deceased) was a professor of psychology at Cleveland State University; Christopher Monte (deceased) was a professor of psychology at Manhattanville College; and John Wilson, professor of psychology at Cleveland State University, is cofounder of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.
Features: The book begins with an introduction to the study of personality, noting the many personality theories result from "the philosophy of pluralism — the notion that there are many realities and that more than one perspective may be correct." The book evaluates the theories from the perspectives of refutability, active or passive human agency, and an idiographic or nomothetic focus. The various theories are then introduced. Within psychoanalytic thinking, Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Anna Freud, and Melanie Klein are discussed. Theorists in the humanistic/existential include Gordon Allport, Rollo May, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers. The cognitive tradition is represented by George Kelly and Albert Bandura. And finally, biological/evolutionary typology theorists are Hans Eysenck and Edward Wilson. Each chapter is fairly uniform, ending with a summary, reading suggestions, and a glossary of terms. Numerous tables and figures help summarize the text. In addition, shaded boxes add more information, relating theoretical constructs to personal events and/or other theories/works. A name and subject index concludes the book.
Assessment: This is an excellent book for undergraduate students in psychology. It is comprehensive, representing the major theoretical orientations. It discusses how the theories developed, especially in light of events in the theorists' lives. Chapters in this eighth edition have been modified and features added.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471724124
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/18/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 640
  • Sales rank: 216,429
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Basic Issues: How to Approach the Study of Personality Theories.

2. Sigmund Freud / Psychoanalysis: The ClinicalEvidence.

3. Sigmund Freud / Psychoanalysis: The Dynamic Model of theMind.

4. Alfred Adler / Individual Psychology.

5. Carl Gustav Jung / Analytical Psychology.

6. Anna Freud / Widening the Scope of Psychoanalysis: EgoPsychology.

7. Melanie Klein & D.W. Winnicott / The PsychoanalyticHeritage: Object Relations Theory.

8. Erik Homburger Erikson / Psychoanalytic Ego Psychology:The Centrality of Identity.

9. Harry Stack Sullivan / Interpersonal Theory.

10. Karen Horney / Psychoanalytic Social Psychology.

11. Gordon W. Allport / Humanistic Trait and SelfTheory.

12. Rollo May / Existential Phenomenology.

13. Abraham Maslow & Carl Rogers / HumanisticSelf-Actualization Theory.

14. George A. Kelly / Personal Construct Theory.

15. Albert Bandura / Social Cognitive Theory.

16. Hans Eysenck / Biologically Based Typology.

17. Edward O. Wilson / Evolutionary Psychology.

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  • Posted January 8, 2013


    I needed this book for college (PSU) ordering it in barnes and nobles is so much more easier! Not only does it save me money but it came in a good condition shipping was fast! I rented this book for way LESS save me sOOO MUCH MONEY COMPARED TO BUYING IT IN THE BOOK STORE AT CAMPUS!!!!! I RECOMMEND!!!!

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