Bergsonian Philosophy and Thomism


Bergsonian Philosophy and Thomism presents us with a philosopher who mastered his craft, a Thomist who acquired the mind of Thomas himself, and a critic of rare perception and refinement.
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Bergsonian Philosophy and Thomism presents us with a philosopher who mastered his craft, a Thomist who acquired the mind of Thomas himself, and a critic of rare perception and refinement.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Maritain's (1882-1973) first published book was La Philosophie Bergsonienne (1913), which so harshly criticized Henri Bergson that he made a point of urging readers of his later books to study him. It also established his credentials as a major commentator on the thought of Thomas Aquinas. This 1995 translation for the Philosophical Library edition inaugurates the series of Maritain's collected works.” —Reference and Research Book News
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780268021528
  • Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press
  • Publication date: 4/1/2007
  • Series: The Collected Works of Jacques Maritain
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 392
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Ralph McInerny is Michael P. Grace Professor of Medieval Studies and former director of the Jacques Maritain Center at the University of Notre Dame.

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Table of Contents

Introduction   Ralph McInerny     7
Foreword to the English Translation     9
Preface to the Second Edition of La Philosophie Bergsonienne     11
The Documents in the Case
General Aspects of Bergsonism
The Philosophy of Intuition     65
The final alternative of modern thought
Concept and practice
Intuition as philosophical method
Bergsonian Evolutionism     74
A double genesis
The genesis of bodies
The genesis of intelligence
Metaphysics and mathematical science
Being in Itself and Contingent Being. The Idea of Nothingness     84
The Order of the World and Organic Finality     93
Bergsonian Evolutionism and the Intellect     102
Bergson's original insights
Analysis and the intellect
The concept
Critical Examination of the Philosophy of Bergson
The Bergsonian Doctrine     119
How the Philosophical Problem Must Have Presented Itself for Bergson
Bergson's Solution of the Problem
Analysis (or the exercise of reason)
The concept
The Consequences of the Bergsonian Solution
The Critique of Intellect     132
Intuition and Duration     146
Intuition According to Bergson
Intuition in General
Intuition in the Sense of Direct Perception
Intuition or intellectual perception
Angelic perception and humanperception
Discursive reasoning
Bergsonian intuition
Bergsonian philosophy and the intellect
Intuition in the Sense of Knowledge by Inclination, Spontaneous or Instinctive Knowledge
Sensibility and intellect
The cogitative and intellect
Will and intellect
Bergsonian intuition
Bergsonian intuition and Truth
Bergsonian duration
Time and Change
Pure Change
God     180
The Existence of God
The Thomistic proofs
The existence of God and Bergsonian anti-intellectualism
The existence of God and Bergsonian intuition
The existence of God and reason
The Nature and Perfections of God
The doctrine of Saint Thomas
The Bergsonian theory
Man     204
Soul and Body in Bergson's Theory
The Bergsonian method
Matter and memory
External perception
Memory and general ideas
Memory and the brain
The self
On the theory of external perception
On the theory of the general idea
On the theory of recognition
On the theory of memory and the brain
On the theory of the self
The spirituality of the soul
Dualism and monism
Soul and Body in Thomist Philosophy
Corporal substance
Living corporal substance
Man in Creative Evolution
Freedom     252
The Problem of Freedom
The Bergsonian Solution
The Scholastic Doctrine of Freedom
Election or the free act
The intellect and freedom
The New Philosophy     278
The Two Bergsonisms
Bergsonism of Fact and Bergsonism of Intention     285
Bergsonism of Intention and Thomism     289
At the Limits of Philosophy     295
Essay of Appreciation
The Metaphysics of Bergson     303
The Bergsonian Philosophy of Morality and Religion     325
Marginal Notes on Aristotle     349
Two Books of Aristotle
Various Questions
Aristotelian controversies
On the natural knowledge of God by reason
Condemnations of Aristotelianism in the Middle Ages
Descartes on Aristotle
Bibliography     378
Index     381
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