Bernard Picart and the First Global Vision of Religion

Overview


In an era of intense religious conflict in Europe and ongoing exploration of the lands beyond Europe, C?r?monies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde (1723-37) set a new agenda for thinking about faith and provided a lasting visual template for representing the world's religions. In the work's seven massive volumes, Jean Frederic Bernard and the renowned engraver Bernard Picart invited readers to view religions and their institutions as cultural practices.
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Overview


In an era of intense religious conflict in Europe and ongoing exploration of the lands beyond Europe, Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses de tous les peuples du monde (1723-37) set a new agenda for thinking about faith and provided a lasting visual template for representing the world's religions. In the work's seven massive volumes, Jean Frederic Bernard and the renowned engraver Bernard Picart invited readers to view religions and their institutions as cultural practices.
Bernard Picart and the First Global Vision of Religion approaches this much-cited but little-studied work from a variety of angles. Its fifteen scholarly essays examine Bernard and Picart's authorial and artistic strategies, the handling of religious difference in Cérémonies et coutumes religieuses, and the cultural context that fostered the creation of one of the most influential works of comparative religion ever published.
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Editorial Reviews

The New York Review of Books

"Splendid."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780892369683
  • Publisher: Getty Publications
  • Publication date: 2/28/2010
  • Series: Issues and Debates Series
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 388
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Lynn Hunt is Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Margaret Jacob is Distinguished Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Wijnand Mijnhardt is director of the Descartes Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities at Utrecht University.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Introduction Lynn Hunt Margaret Jacob 1

Part 1 Authorial and Artistic Practices

Jean Frederic Bernard as Author and Publisher Wijnand Mijnhardt 17

Bernard Picart's Dutch Connections: Family Trouble, the Amsterdam Theater, and the Business of Engraving Inger Leemans 35

The Collegiants: A Small Presence in the Dutch Republic, a Large Metaphor for the Book Jesse Sadler 59

Reproduction and Authenticity in Bernard Picart's Impostures Innocentes Ann Jensen Adams 75

The Impostures Innocentes: Bernard Picart's Defense of the Professional Engraver Louis Marchesano 105

Part 2 The Representation of Difference: A Global Approach

Picart, Bernard, Hermes, and Muhammad (Not Necessarily in That Order) David Brafman 139

Persian Pictures: Art, Documentation, and Self-Reflection in Jean Frederic Bernard and Bernard Picart's Representations of Islam Kishwar Rizvi 169

Monsieur Picart and the Gentiles of India Sanjay Subrahmanyam 197

Bernard Picart on China: "Curious" Discourses and Images Taken Principally from Jesuit Sources Marcia Reed 215

Chinese Idols and Religious Art: Questioning Difference in Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses Catherine E. Clark 235

Quetzalcoatl's Enlightened City: A Close Reading of Bernard Picart's Engraving of Cholollan/Cholula Verónica A. Gutiérrez 251

Illness and Death among Americans in Bernard Picart's Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses Peter C. Mancall 271

Part 3 The Religious and Intellectual Context of Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses

The Gallican and Jansenist Roots of Jean Frederic Bernard and Bernard Picart's Vision of theInquisition Guillaume Calafat 291

(Re)Inventing Encyclopedism in the Early European Enlightenment: Connecting Antoine-Augustin Bruzen de La Martinière with the Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink 313

The Uses of Comparison: Religions in the Early Eighteenth Century Jacques Revel 331

Biographical Notes on Contributors 348

Illustration Credits 350

Index 352

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