The Besht: Magician, Mystic, and Leader [NOOK Book]

Overview

Founded in Eastern Europe in the eighteenth century, the Hasidic movement and its religious thinking have dramatically transformed modern Judaism. The figure of the Ba’al Shem Tov (known in acronym form as the BeSHT)—the purported founder of the Hasidic movement—has fascinated scholars, Jewish philosophers, and laypeople interested in popular Jewish mysticism in general and the contemporary Hasidic movement in all its variety.

In this volume, ...
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The Besht: Magician, Mystic, and Leader

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Overview

Founded in Eastern Europe in the eighteenth century, the Hasidic movement and its religious thinking have dramatically transformed modern Judaism. The figure of the Ba’al Shem Tov (known in acronym form as the BeSHT)—the purported founder of the Hasidic movement—has fascinated scholars, Jewish philosophers, and laypeople interested in popular Jewish mysticism in general and the contemporary Hasidic movement in all its variety.

In this volume, Etkes enters a rich and heated debate over the origins of the movement, as well as the historicity of its mythic founder, Rabbi Israel Ba’al Shem Tov, who lived much of his life as a miracle worker. The eighteenth century, as Etkes vividly portrays, was the heyday of the kabbalists, who dabbled in the magical power of letters and words to solve personal and communal problems—and to earn a living. Etkes sheds light on the personality of the Besht, on his mysticism, and on his close circle of followers. But equally important, he challenges the popular myth of the Besht as a childlike mystic, wandering the fields in prayer, seeing visions and engaging in acts of godliness and piety. Although Etkes shows great empathy for his subject, the Besht who emerges in these pages is much more down to earth, much more a man of his times. Indeed, according to Etkes, it was never the intention of the Besht to found a religious movement.

Etkes looks at the Besht’s mystical roots, examining him not only from the vantage point of a social historian, but as a religious figure. Moshe Rosman, author of Founder of Hasidism, a biography of the Besht, claims that In Praise of the Besht—a volume published about the Besht in 1814, many years after his death, which portrayed his character by means of stories told by his close followers—could not be a reliable source. Etkes, disputing this claim, shows definitively that this well-known text (translated and interpreted by, among others, Martin Buber) may indeed offer trustworthy accounts of the Besht’s life and thinking.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Etkes’ full control of the relevant historical and religious material makes this a major study that will influence all subsequent discussion.”—Choice

“Immanuel Etkes has produced a major, highly erudite re-evaluation of the Besht that both clarifies and clearly contextualizes the work of many earlier scholars, and as well presents a well-documented and deeply learned portrait of the still-mysterious Israel Baal Shem Tov. This book is essential reading for those working in the field of East European Judaism, as well as for anyone interested in the origins and early history of Hasidism.”—Allan Nadler, The Journal of the Association for Jewish Studies

“Etkes’ book is less of a biography than an analysis, an attempt to understand who and what the Besht was within the context of his times . . . I was particularly intrigued and impressed by the section on the Besht as a mystic and a pioneer.”—Jewish Book World

“Different understandings and portrayals of the Besht abound in the works of scholars . . . Etkes’s book makes an important and valuable contribution to our understanding and in many ways goes beyond the efforts of previous scholars.”—Association of Jewish Libraries Newsletter

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Product Details

Meet the Author

IMMANUEL ETKES is the Bella and Israel Unterberg Professor of History of the Jewish People and Education at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. A prolific author, Etkes has published in Hebrew several works on major religious movements in the modern period including Hasidism and the Musar movement. He has published critically acclaimed monographs on the lives of major Jewish religious figures, including the The Gaon of Vilna: The Man and His Image (2002).
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Magic and Miracle Workers in the Days of the Baal Shem Tov
Israel Baal Shem
A Leader of the Jewish People
The Besht as Mystic and Pioneer in Divine Worship
The Besht and His Circle
The Historicity of Shivhei Habesht
Conclusion: The Besht and the Founding of Hasidism
Appendix I: Magic and Miracle Workers in the Literature of the Haskalah
Appendix II: The Besht’s Epistle
Appendix III: The Versions of the Besht’s Epistle
Notes
Bibliography
Index
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