Bettas and Gouramis

Overview


David Alderton’s investigation of anabantoids, the Asiatic gouramis—the bettas and gouramis, including Siamese fighting fish, paradisefish, kissing gouramis, begins with a look at the origins of these adaptable and widely varying fishes in their Asiatic homelands, where they’ve been popular for hundreds of years. Given the considerable size range of this group of fishes, from the tiny licorice gourami (only 1.5 in or 4 cm in length) to the giant gourami (about 28 in or 70 cm), there are great differences to be ...
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Bettas and Gouramis: Understanding Siamese Fighting Fish, Paradisefish, Kissing Gouramis, and Other Anabantoids

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Overview


David Alderton’s investigation of anabantoids, the Asiatic gouramis—the bettas and gouramis, including Siamese fighting fish, paradisefish, kissing gouramis, begins with a look at the origins of these adaptable and widely varying fishes in their Asiatic homelands, where they’ve been popular for hundreds of years. Given the considerable size range of this group of fishes, from the tiny licorice gourami (only 1.5 in or 4 cm in length) to the giant gourami (about 28 in or 70 cm), there are great differences to be considered by the fish keeper, all of which are addressed by Alderton in this color guide. The anabantoids is also a large group of fishes, with one hundred varieties/species available in most pet and hobby stores. The book provides photographs and images of dozens of the most popular examples.

Chapter two is devoted to “The Different Groups,” and the author explains how the classifications of anabantoids work and then proceeds to discuss the members of each family. In all, eighteen genuses are described in detail, including their natural ranges, physical characteristics, abilities, behaviors, and breeding facts. The author discusses the specific traits of the anabantoids, including their unique labyrinth organs, swim bladders, hearing ability, lateral line, and locomotion.

The section on care discusses the selection and positioning of the aquarium, planting, flooring, water, filtration, heating, and lighting. The guide gives specific advice on feeding habits and food, including foraging and hunting techniques of certain anabantoids and the various kinds of food (prepared diets, green food, live food) that are best for individual species.

For readers interested in breeding bettas and gouramis, the chapter on reproduction will prove exceptionally helpful, giving expert guidance on preparing for and encouraging spawning behavior, nest building, and rearing the fry. The author also provides information on color genetics for breeding Betta splendens.

The general health of the Asian gouramis is covered in a chapter called “Lifespan and Diseases,” including a primer on preventing and managing parasitic illness, bacterial and fungal diseases, dietary problems, and more. In the book’s final chapter “Popular Anabantoids,” the author presents a full-page of text and photographs for twenty-six different species of the families Belontiidae, Anabantidae, Osphronemidae, Helostomatidae, and Luciocephalidae. Resources and glossary conclude the volume.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781931993135
  • Publisher: i5 Publishing
  • Publication date: 11/28/2003
  • Series: Fish Keeping Made Easy Series
  • Pages: 144
  • Sales rank: 778,618
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.14 (h) x 0.35 (d)

Table of Contents

Nature and Nurture 6
1. Where in the World? 8
A changing landscape 8
Different ways of breathing air 10
The earliest anabantoid? 13
New World links 14
Why have labyrinth organs? 15
Obtaining oxygen 16
What's in a name? 17
2. The Different Groups 18
Making choices 18
Making a decision 21
Classification 22
How the system works 23
Asian labyrinth fish 25
Family Belontiidae 25
Family Helostomatidae 44
Family Luciocephalidae 45
Family Osphronemidae 47
Asian/African labyrinth fish 50
Family Anabantidae 50
African labyrinth fish 51
3. Characteristics and Care 54
Anabantoid characteristics 54
The labyrinth organ 55
The swim bladder and sound 56
The lateral line 56
Locomotion 57
Stocking densities 58
Choosing an aquarium 59
Positioning the aquarium 60
Cleanliness 61
The aquarium floor 61
Planting 62
Decor within the tank 64
Powered equipment 66
Filtration 68
Water chemistry 70
Water changes 71
Brackish surroundings 72
Filling the tank 73
4. Feeding Habits and Food 74
Mouth factors 74
Hunting techniques 76
Farm feeding 78
A basic diet 79
Micronutrients 80
Aquarium diets 81
Other prepared foods 82
Greenstuff 83
Live foods 83
Predatory anabantoids 84
5. Reproduction 88
Planning ahead 88
Encouraging spawning behavior 89
Reproductive strategies 92
Development of the labyrinth organ 98
Color-breeding in Betta splendens 99
6. Lifespan and Diseases 102
General precautions 102
Preventing disease 103
Managing sickness 104
7. Popular Anabantoids 112
Family Belontiidae 112
Family Anabantidae 132
Family Osphronemidae 135
Family Helostomatidae 136
Family Luciocephalidae 137
Further Reading 138
Websites 138
Glossary 139
Index 141
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