Between Law and Custom: 'High' and 'Low' Legal Cultures in the Lands of the British Diaspora - The United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, 1600-1900

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Overview

This book explores the three-way struggle between the British colonists who settled North America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa; the British government and its U.S. and Canadian federal government successors; and the indigenous peoples of the settled regions. In the colonies, British law and popular norms clashed over a range of issues, including ready access to land, the property rights of aboriginal people, the taking of property for public purposes, and master-servant relationships. This book will greatly appeal to law professors, historians, and anyone interested in the rights of native peoples.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...will provide a wealth of material for the historian." Allen Horstman, Albion College, Historian

"Sweeping and compelling....[Karsten] has compiled a wealth of fascinating information, nicely categorized...and for that readers owe him thanks." Perspectives on Political Science

"A unique and convincing picture that will be an inspiration and a model for future comparative legal histories." History

"Here is another monument to empirical research, Karsten's signature as a legal historian." American Historical Review

"This book will become a classic in legal history and in comparative studies of settler societies. Remarkable for its mastery of detail and stunning in its scope and span, the book covers some three hundred years of history, and an astonishing range of fields of law. It compares the British diaspora societies of South Africa, North America, Australia, Canada and New Zealand (amongst others) to establish that certain patterns of legal adaptation occur in new societies when the laws they inherit from the Old World rub up against the local practices of settlers and indigenous peoples. It will profoundly alter our views about the influence of transplanted institutions and ideas on the 'neo-Europes'". Miles Fairburn, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

"Karsten's admirably researched and infectiously enthusiastic history of the English common law diaspora fills a long-recognized gap in law and history studies. Scholars in diasporic sites have long compared local law with the former center, but Karsten provides a socially contextual comparison of those sites with each other, noting the relevance of both different circumstances and varying kinds of tension between formal law and popular expectations to the production of differing common law regimes. Between Law and Custom opens new possibilities in the legal history field." Ian Duncanson, La Trobe University

Between Law and Custom provides a more complete picture of the common law and its cultures than any other work by a long way. An important book, magisterial in sweep and clearly written, this will be a "must read" in many fields including history, colonialism, aboriginal studies, law and legal theory. It addresses the development of both custom and state law in England and its four major settler colonies (including the USA) over a 300 year time period. This 'breakthrough' book will be of enduring importance." Dr. W. Wesley Pue, Professor of Law and Nemetz Chair in Legal History, University of British Columbia

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521792837
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/2002
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Introduction 1
Pt. 1 Land
1 Law versus Customs 23
2 Corncribs, Manuring, Timber, and Sheep: Landlords, Tenants, and Reversioners 119
3 "They Seem To Argue that Custom Has Made a Higher Law": Squatters and Proprietors 146
4 Protecting One's Prope'ty: Takings, Easements, Nuisances, and Trespasses 188
Pt. 2 Agreements
5 We Have an Agreement: The Formal and Informal Law of Sales, Third-Party Beneficiary, Common Carrier, and Contingency-Fee Contracts 269
6 Work: The Formal and Informal Law of Labor Contracts 298
Pt. 3 Accidents
7 Judicial Responses to Negligence Claims by the British Diaspora, 1800-1910 363
8 Beneath the Iceberg's Tip: Personal Injury Suits, Out-of-Court Settlements, and Trial Court Awards: The Real Law of Accidents 451
9 Further Sorties into the High, Middle, and Low Legal Cultures of the British Diaspora, with Some Conclusions 498
Cases Discussed 541
Cast of Characters 544
General Index 554
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