Between Naturalism and Religion: Philosophical Essays / Edition 1

Between Naturalism and Religion: Philosophical Essays / Edition 1

by Jurgen Habermas, Ciaran Cronin
     
 

Two countervailing trends mark the intellectual tenor of our age – the spread of naturalistic worldviews and religious orthodoxies. Advances in biogenetics, brain research, and robotics are clearing the way for the penetration of an objective scientific self-understanding of persons into everyday life. For philosophy, this trend is associated with the

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Overview

Two countervailing trends mark the intellectual tenor of our age – the spread of naturalistic worldviews and religious orthodoxies. Advances in biogenetics, brain research, and robotics are clearing the way for the penetration of an objective scientific self-understanding of persons into everyday life. For philosophy, this trend is associated with the challenge of scientific naturalism. At the same time, we are witnessing an unexpected revitalization of religious traditions and the politicization of religious communities across the world. From a philosophical perspective, this revival of religious energies poses the challenge of a fundamentalist critique of the principles underlying the modern West's postmetaphysical understanding of itself.

The tension between naturalism and religion is the central theme of this major new book by Jürgen Habermas. On the one hand he argues for an appropriate naturalistic understanding of cultural evolution that does justice to the normative character of the human mind. On the other hand, he calls for an appropriate interpretation of the secularizing effects of a process of social and cultural rationalization increasingly denounced by the champions of religious orthodoxies as a historical development peculiar to the West. These reflections on the enduring importance of religion and the limits of secularism under conditions of postmetaphysical reason set the scene for an extended treatment of the political significance of religious tolerance and for a fresh contribution to current debates on cosmopolitanism and a constitution for international society.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780745638249
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
06/10/2008
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction     1
The Intersubjective Constitution of Norm-governed Thought     9
Public Space and Political Public Sphere - The Biographical Roots of Two Motifs in my Thought     11
Communicative Action and the Detranscendentalized "Use of Reason"     24
On the Architectonics of Discursive Differentiation: A Brief Response to a Major Controversy     77
Religious Pluralism and Civic Solidarity     99
Prepolitical Foundations of the Constitutional State?     101
Religion in the Public Sphere: Cognitive Presuppositions for the "Public Use of Reason" by Religious and Secular Citizens     114
Naturalism and Religion     149
Freedom and Determinism     151
"I Myself am Part of Nature" - Adorno on the Intrication of Reason in Nature: Reflections on the Relation between Freedom and Unavailability     181
The Boundary between Faith and Knowledge: On the Reception and Contemporary Importance of Kant's Philosophy of Religion     209
Tolerance     249
Religious Tolerance as Pacemaker for Cultural Rights     251
Equal Treatment of Cultures and the Limits of Postmodern Liberalism     271
A Political Constitution for the Pluralist World Society?     312
Index     353

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