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The recent nomination and confirmation of Sonia Sotomayor as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice refocused public attention on the selection criteria that colleges and universities use to admit students. For decades the Supreme Court has repeatedly been asked to decide the constitutionality of racial and ethnic preferences in college admissions.
However, this preoccupation with admissions neglects other important considerations in achieving campus diversity and narrowing gaps in educational attainment. What circumstances motivate students to attend and succeed in college? What factors influence individual students’ decisions whether to apply and, if admitted, whether to enroll.
The compelling articles in this volume of The ANNALS go beyond the worn argument that admission criteria are solely responsible for determining campus diversity. The authors address a broad range of questions in college decision making – from application to enrollment, college performance, and graduation.
This forward-looking volume of The ANNALS is a requisite for students and scholars who want to examine alternatives that narrow ethnic gaps throughout the postsecondary cycle and provide more opportunities for talented, ambitious youth from disadvantaged environments to succeed, as Justice Sotomayor did.
Introduction: Beyond Admissions: Re-thinking College Opportunities and Outcomes - Mark C. Long and Marta Tienda
PART 1: PRECURSORS: COLLEGE INTENTIONS AND APPLICATIONS
Those Who Choose and Those Who Don't: Social Background and College Orientation - Eric Grodsky and Catherine Riegle-Crumb
Ethno-racial Composition and College Preference: Revisiting the Perpetuation of Segregation Hypothesis - Donnell Butler
PART 2: COLLEGE CHOICE: EFFECTS OF TEXAS TOP 10 PERCENT LAW
Minority Higher Education Pipeline: Consequences of Changes in College Admissions Policy in Texas - Angel Harris and Marta Tienda
Policy Transparency and College Enrollment: Did the Texas Top 10 Percent Law Broaden Access to the Public Flagships? - Mark C. Long, Victor Saenz, and Marta Tienda
PART 3: COLLEGE PERFORMANCE: MAJOR CHOICES
Race and Gender Differences in College Major Choice - Lisa Dickson
Differences in College Major Choice by Citizenship Status - Milagros Nores
PART 4: COLLEGE PERFORMANCE: ACADEMIC OUTCOMES
Race and Ethnic Differences in College Achievement: Does High School Attended Matter? - Jason Fletcher and Marta Tienda
Academic Outcomes and Texas's Top 10 Percent Law - Eric Furstenberg
Why Are Men Falling Behind? Gender Gaps in College Performance and Persistence - Dylan Conger and Mark C. Long
PART 5: CONCLUSION
Beyond Admissions: Reflections and Future Considerations - Bridget Terry Long