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Beyond Black and Red is the first book to deal primarily and specifically with relations between Africans and native peoples in colonial Latin America. Matthew Restall has collected nine essays that represent contributions to the larger fields of colonial Latin American history, African diaspora studies, and ethnohistory. Among the subjects addressed are marriage and miscegenation, identity and nomenclature, cultural exchanges, labor, and cooperation in resisting colonialism versus collaboration.
The authors examine core areas such as Mesoamerica, the Andes, and Brazil, and peripheral ones such as Florida, Colombia, and the Orinoco basin. The contributors find that relations between black and native peoples were sometimes harmonious, sometimes hostile, depending on local dynamics and individual agendas. Native and black soldiers fought sometimes as comrades, sometimes as adversaries, and couples in mixed marriages might identify as Indian or as black depending on where the advantage lay in a given society.
|Introduction : black slaves, red paint||1|
|Ch. 1||Black soldiers, native soldiers : meanings of military service in the Spanish American colonies||15|
|Ch. 2||Africans and Native Americans on Spanish Florida frontier||53|
|Ch. 3||Tapanhuns, Negros da Terra, and Curibocas : common cause and confrontation between blacks and natives in colonial Brazil||81|
|Ch. 4||Conflict and cohabitation between Afro-Mexicans and Nahuas in Central Mexico||115|
|Ch. 5||"Whites and mulattos, our enemies" : race relations and popular political culture in Nueva Granada||137|
|Ch. 6||Africans and natives in the mines of Spanish America||159|
|Ch. 7||Wolves and sheep? : black-Maya relations in colonial Guatemala and Yucatan||185|
|Ch. 8||Black read as red : ethnic transgression and hybridity in Northeastern South America and the Caribbean||223|
|Ch. 9||Black-native relations and the historical record in colonial Mexico||245|