Beyond Borders: Thinking Critically about Global Issues / Edition 1

Beyond Borders: Thinking Critically about Global Issues / Edition 1

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by Paula S. Rothenberg
     
 

Featuring readings from today's leading scholars, activists and policymakers, Beyond Borders helps today's college students navigate our increasingly globalized world and think critically about their place in it. This powerful collection encourages students to not only understand the global realities we are faced with today but also the history that gave

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Overview

Featuring readings from today's leading scholars, activists and policymakers, Beyond Borders helps today's college students navigate our increasingly globalized world and think critically about their place in it. This powerful collection encourages students to not only understand the global realities we are faced with today but also the history that gave rise to them.  In addition to introducing students to the major forces of globalization, the significant treaties and events, and the organizations involved, Beyond Borders challenges students to shift and broaden their perspective by examining the experiences of people across the globe.  In classic Rothenberg style, in-depth part introductions provide a conceptual framework for understanding the issues at hand and "Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion" at the conclusion of each part challenge students to think deeper about the issues presented.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780716773894
Publisher:
Worth Publishers
Publication date:
08/28/2005
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
618
Sales rank:
404,649
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.40(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

PART ONE: PUTTING THINGS IN PERSPECTIVE
Focuses on the critical-thinking skills students need in order to evaluate information rather than simply ingest it.
"The Anglo West is the Mexican North, the Native American Homeland and the Asian East."—Ellen DuBois and Vicki Ruiz
1. The Function of Maps, David Turnbull
2. Are Things What They Seem to Be? Reading Maps and Statistics, Janice Monk
3. Gender Issues in Labor Statistics, Adriana Mata Greenwood
4. Fracturing Binarisms: First and Third Worlds, Chilla Bulbeck
5. One-Third/Two-Thirds Worlds, Chandra Talpade Mohanty
6. How Textbooks Around the World Portray U.S. History: The Monroe Doctrine and Manifest Destiny, Dana Lindaman and Kyle Ward
7. Lapulapa and Magellan, Steve Shalom
8. Mass Media: For the Many, by the Few, Michael Parenti
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART TWO: COLONIALISM AND ITS LEGACY
Helps students see contemporary world issues in the context of their colonial past.
"The only thing worse than being occupied is being an occupier."—L. Paul Bremer III, Chief Administrator of Occupied Iraq
1. Empire as a Way of Life, William Appleman Williams
2. How It Began, Felix Greene
3. Eurocentrism, Samir Amin
4. The Legacy of Colonialism, Jerry Kloby
5. How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Walter Rodney
6. Colonialism in Africa, 1914 (map)
7. Open Veins of Latin America, Eduardo Galeano
8. Women, Colonisation, and Racism, Jan Jindy Pettman
9. The Myth of Catching-Up Development, Maria Mies
10. The Second Coming of Columbus: Piracy Through Patents, Vandana Shiva
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART THREE: CONSTRUCTING DIFFERENCE: CREATING "OTHER" IDENTITIES
Looks at the crucial phenomenon of marginalizing certain groups within, between, and among nations.
"Power consists in the ability to make others inhabit your story of their reality—even as is so often the case, when that story is written in their blood."—Philip Gourevitch
1. Assigning Value to Difference, Albert Memmi
2. Hatred Written on the Body, Zillah Eisenstein
3. Stories from Rwanda, Philip Gourevitch
4. Construction of an Enemy, Eleanor Stein
5. On Being South Asian in North America, Chandra Talpade Mohanty
6. Dislocated Identities: Reflections of an Arab Jew, Ella Shohat
7. Old and New Identities, Stuart Hall
8. Sexual Identities: Western Imperialism?, Chilla Bulbeck
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART FOUR: PATRIARCHY AND DOMINATION
Examines the subordination of women in the context of both colonialism and patriarchal tradition.
"Patriarchy itself is an expression of socioeconomic oppression."—Nawal El Saadawi
1. The Patriarchal Family, Gerda Lerner
2. The Foundation of Gender Identity: Garaba, Relational Connectivity, and Patriarchy, Cheryl A. Rubenberg
3. Gender, Race, and Class in Silicon Valley, Karen J. Hossfeld
4. Daughters and Generals in the Politics of the Globalized Sneaker, Cynthia Enloe
5. Violence Against Women, Report by the World Health Organization
6. Culture of Honor, Culture of Change: A Feminist Analysis of Honor Killings in Rural Turkey, Aysan Sev'er, Gökeiek Yurdakul
7. The Connection Between Militarism and Violence Against Women, Lucinda Marshall
8. The Impact of Political Conflict on Women: The Case of Afghanistan, Simi Wali, Elizabeth Gould,and Paul Fitzgerald.
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART FIVE: POVERTY, INEQUALITY, AND STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE

Explores the extent and nature of poverty and inequality in the global village, introducing the concept of structural violence to illuminate the ways misery and suffering for some are seamlessly woven into the fabric of ordinary life.
"20% of the population in the developed nations consume 86% of the worlds' goods."—1998 Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme.
"A mere 12% of the world's population uses 85% of its water, and these 12% do not live in the Third World."—Maude Barlow (Water as Commodity-The Wrong Prescription)
1. Inequality in the Global Village, Jan Knippers Black
2. Poverty and Inequality in the Global Economy, Michael D. Yates
3. Is World Poverty Falling? Angus Deaton
4. A Critical Look at Measurements of Economic Progress, The International Forum on Globalization
5. The Current State of Global Health, World Health Organization
6. Macroeconomics of Health: No Health Available at $7.50 per Person per Year, Jeffrey Sachs
7. Suffering and Structural Violence, Paul Farmer
8. Testimony by Fanny Ann Eddy at the U.N. Commission on Human Rights on Behalf of the Sierra Leone Lesbian and Gay Association, Human Rights Watch
9. Facts on Child Labour, International Labour Organization
10. World Poverty and Hunger Fact Sheet, UN Bulletin on the Eradication of Poverty
11. Women and the Poor: The Challenge of Global Justice, Nawal El Saadawi
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART SIX: TRANSNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
Looks at the origins and operation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), The World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) and paints a broad picture of the new global economy.
"What is called globalization is really another name for the dominant role of the United States." —Henry Kissinger, former U.S. Secretary of State, from his lecture "Globalization and World Order," Trinity College, Dublin, October 12, 1999
1. Globalization and Its Discontents: The Promise of Global Institutions, Joseph Stiglitz
2. Race, Poverty, and Globalization, John A. Powell and S.P. Udayakumar
3. On the Backs of Women and Children, Jan Jindy Pettman
4. Privatization and Urban Issues: A Global Perspective, William K. Tabb
5. Plunder and Profit, David Moberg
6. The WTO and Globalization, Michael Parenti
7. The Globalization of Poverty, Michel Chossudovsky
8. Shall We Leave It to the Experts? Arundhati Roy
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART SEVEN: GLOBALIZATION IN EVERYDAY LIFE
Offers concrete examples of how transnational institutions and multinational corporations are impacting every aspect of life in the global village and wreaking havoc on the environment.
"The market is being made the organizing principle for the provisioning of food, water, health, education and other basic needs, it is being made the organizing principle of governance, it is being made the measure of our humanity."— Vandana Shiva
"The developing world now spends $13 on debt repaymernt for every $1 it receives in grants."—Global Development Finance, World Bank 1999
1. The Human Face of Economics in Argentina, Ann Scholl and Facundo Arrizabalaga
2. The Maquila in Guatemala: Facts and Trends, Corey Mattson, Marie Ayer, and Daniela Mijal Gerson
3. Plan Puebla Panama, Global Exchange
4. GE Goes South, Joann Wypijewski
5. Ground Down in the Fields: Coffee and the State Authority in Columbia, Joshua Frank
6. Latin American Indigenous Movements in the Context of Globalization, Juan Houghton and Beverly Bell
7. Globalization and the Caribbean, Orville W. Taylor
8. Debts, Reforms, and Social Services in Africa, Mandisi Majavu
9. The Impact of Water Privatization on South African Women, Meredith Throop
10. Water Privatization Charts, Ifeoma Opara
11. Global Apartheid: AIDS and Murder by Patent, Salih Booker and William Minter
12. The Chad-Cameroon Pipeline, Adrienne Frazier
13. Squeezed by Debt and Time, Mothers Ship Babies to China, Somini Sengupta
14. Nannies, Maids, and Sex Workers in the New Economy, Barbara Ehrenreich and Arlie Russell Hochschild
15. Exporting Harm: The High Tech Trashing of Asia, Basel Action Network
16. The Globalized Village, L. Rajiva
17. Your Farm Subsidies Are Strangling Us, Amadou Toumani Toure and Blaise Compaore
18. How Europe Sows Misery in Africa, Kevin A. Hassett and Robert Shapiro
19. India's Poor Starve as Wheat Rots, Amy Waldman
20. The Crisis of Potato Growers in U.P, Vandana Shiva
21. Study Finds TV Trims Fiji Girls' Body Image and Eating Habits, Erica Goode
22. The World Bank and the "Next Green Revolution," Brian Toker
Questions for Thinking, Writing, and Discussion
Suggested Readings

PART EIGHT: TOWARD A MORE EQUITABLE FUTURE: GRASSROOTS MOVEMENTS FOR SOCIAL CHANGE
Shows students how activists and NGOs around the globe are responding to globalization. This section empowers students by showing them the difference that people can make and by providing brief descriptions and contact information for a variety of NGOs that are successfully addressing many of the issues raised in this book.
"It is not that we should simply seek new and better ways for managing society, the economy, and the world. The point is that we should fundamentally change how we behave."— Vaclav Havel
1. Small Is Beautiful: Airports, McDonald's ,and Hypermarkets in Mexico, Claudio Albertani
2. Building Water Democracy: People's Victory Against Coca Cola in Plachimada, Vandana Shiva
3. Nigerian Women Win Out Against Oil Giant, New Pittsburgh Courier
4. The New Student Movement, Liza Featherstone
5. Filipino Dump Activists Turn Waste into Wealth, Eugenio Gonzales and Liz Stanton
6. The Grameen Bank
A List of NGOs Working for Social Change

AFTERWORD
The Cost of American Privilege, Michael Schwalbe

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