Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom / Edition 1

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Overview

Beyond Common Sense addresses the many important and controversial issues that arise from the use of psychological and social science in the courtroom.
• Features original chapters written by some of the leading experts in the field of psychology and law including Elizabeth Loftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, Louise Fitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe Ellsworth
• Each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement, and discusses how psychological science advances an understanding of human behavior beyond what is accessible by common sense
• The 14 issues addressed include eyewitness identification, gender stereotypes, repressed memories, Affirmative Action, and the death penalty — among others
• Commentaries written by 7 leading social science and law scholars discuss key legal and scientific themes that emerge from the science chapters and illustrate how psychological science is or can be used in the courts

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“An excellent book on the current state of the knowledge ofpsychological science applied to the legal system. This book had mehooked from the moment I read the foreword … and kept meinterested through the end of the last commentary … .Therewere numerous highlights … .The contents of this book are notjust informative but timely. In summary, this book is excellent andis highly recommended for the general public, students, and legaland psychological practitioners and researchers. Borgida and Fiskemake it very apparent that scientific psychologists have anunderstanding of human thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that canaid legal decision makers.” (PsycCritiques, December2008)

“Eugene Borgida and Susan Fiske assembled a distinguishedgroup of psychological scientists to articulate the state ofscientific findings on issues of relevance to modern litigation… .I highly recommend this book to a wide variety ofaudiences … .This is a timely and important volume thatshould be widely read. It will not be a waste of time.”(Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 2008)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405145749
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/27/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 448
  • Product dimensions: 6.05 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Eugene Borgida is Professor of Psychology and Law at theUniversity of Minnesota and Morse-Alumni Distinguished Professor ofPsychology. He is also co-author of the forthcoming book, ThePolitical Psychology of Democratic Citizenship (with John L.Sullivan and Christopher Federico).

Susan T. Fiske is Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychologyat Princeton University. Her publications include SocialCognition: From Brains to Culture (with Shelley Taylor,2008) and Social Beings: A Core Motives Approach to SocialPsychology (2004).

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Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors.

Foreword (Mahzarin R. Banaji).

Acknowledgments.

Introduction (Eugene Borgida and Susan T. Fiske).

Part I Psychological Science on Stereotyping, Prejudice, andDiscrimination.

1 Race, Crime, and Antidiscrimination (R. Richard Banks,Jennifer L. Eberhardt, and Lee Ross).

2 Discrimination in America and Legal Strategies for Reducing It(Faye J. Crosby and John F. Dovidio).

3 The Young Science of Prejudice Against Older Adults:Established Answers and Open Questions About Ageism (Todd D.Nelson).

4 Gender Prejudice: On the Risks of Occupying Incongruent Roles(Alice H. Eagly and Anne M. Koenig).

5 From the Laboratory to the Bench: Gender Stereotyping Researchin the Courtroom (Laurie A. Rudman, Peter Glick, and Julie E.Phelan).

6 (Un)common Knowledge: The Legal Viability of Sexual HarassmentResearch (Louise F. Fitzgerald and Linda L.Collinsworth).

7 Subjectivity in the Appraisal Process: A Facilitator of GenderBias in Work Settings (Madeline E. Heilman and Michelle C.Haynes).

Part II Psychological Science on Legal SystemProcesses.

8 Eyewitness Identifi cation: Issues in Common Knowledge andGeneralization (Gary L. Wells and Lisa E. Hasel).

9 Repressed and Recovered Memory (Elizabeth F. Loftus,Maryanne Garry, and Harlene Hayne).

10 Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: APyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science (Saul M.Kassin).

11 Polygraph Testing (William G. Iacono).

12 Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death PenaltyLaw (Phoebe C. Ellsworth and Samuel R. Gross).

13 Pretrial Publicity: Effects, Remedies, and Judicial Knowledge(Margaret Bull Kovera and Sarah M. Greathouse).

14 Media Violence, Aggression, and Public Policy (Craig A.Anderson and Douglas A. Gentile).

Part III Commentaries.

15 The Limits of Science in the Courtroom (David L.Faigman).

16 Research on Eyewitness Testimony and False Confessions(Margaret A. Berger).

17 Commentary on Research Relevant to Sex Discrimination andSexual Harassment (Barbara A. Gutek).

18 The Tenuous Bridge Between Research and Reality: TheImportance of Research Design in Inferences Regarding Work Behavior(Frank J. Landy).

19 Psychological Contributions to Evaluating Witness Testimony(Shari Seidman Diamond).

20 Beyond Common-sense Understandings of Sex and RaceDiscrimination (R. Richard Banks).

21 Behavioral Realism in Law: Reframing the Discussion AboutSocial Science' Place in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy(Linda Hamilton Krieger).

Index.

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