Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom / Edition 1

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Overview

Psychological science challenges and sometimes contradicts common sense ideas about stereotyping, prejudice, discrimination, and other behavioral domains that intersect with legal processes such as eyewitness identification, repressed memories, polygraph testing, and affirmative action. Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom confronts the public's often erroneous beliefs about human behavior in legal contexts like the courtroom. Featuring original chapters written by leading experts in psychological science, each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement and discusses how psychological science advances an understanding of human behavior beyond what is accessible by common sense and intuitive beliefs. The book concludes with commentaries written by leading social science and law scholars that discuss key legal and scientific themes and illustrate how psychological science is, or can be, used in the courts and in other policy contexts.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This collection is a gem! It unmasks the fallacies on race and gender that pass for ‘common sense’ so skillfully that it is hard to read without shouting 'Aha!'"
--Nancy Cantor, Chancellor and President, Syracuse University

"This is a timely and extremely interesting analysis of the many ways in which psychological science can contribute to a more accurate understanding of various psychological issues often raised in legal proceedings. This book will be useful, and a very good read, for the general public as well as the psychological and legal communities."
--Sharon S. Brehm, Indiana University Bloomington, President of the American Psychological Association (2007)

"This book is an indispensable guide—for scholars and practitioners alike—to the psychological science of the legal system. Its pages are filled with important, hard-won lessons that we can turn to our advantage or ignore at our peril."
--Daniel Gilbert, Harvard University

"The legal system is also a system of perception, emotion, interpersonal relations, and judgment. It is thus crucial that lawyers, social scientists and indeed the broader public understand its psychological dimensions. This volume assembles key examples of the recent strides psychologists have made in understanding courtroom processes and the psychosocial dimensions that shape how law works in a variety of settings from workplaces to the media. It will be a vital resource for both professionals and students."
--Craig Calhoun, President, Social Science Research Council

"Incrementally, chapter by chapter, this world-class collection of scholars and researchers upends our common sense understandings of human prejudice and the law's ability to control it. Yet, just as importantly, it brings to the fore a vastly deeper understanding of these issues. It is more than a state of the art collection. It is a classic collection that, for a long time, will be indispensable to discussions of prejudice and the law, as well as the relationship between science and the public good."
--Claude M. Steele, Stanford University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405145749
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/27/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 448
  • Sales rank: 921,355
  • Product dimensions: 6.05 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors     ix
Foreword   Mahzarin R. Banaji     xxi
Acknowledgments     xxvii
Introduction   Eugene Borgida   Susan T. Fiske     xxix
Psychological Science on Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination     1
Race, Crime, and Antidiscrimination   R. Richard Banks   Jennifer L. Eberhardt   Lee Ross     3
Discrimination in America and Legal Strategies for Reducing It   Faye J. Crosby   John F. Dovidio     23
The Young Science of Prejudice Against Older Adults: Established Answers and Open Questions About Ageism   Todd D. Nelson     45
Gender Prejudice: On the Risks of Occupying Incongruent Roles   Alice H. Eagly   Anne M. Koenig     63
From the Laboratory to the Bench: Gender Stereotyping Research in the Courtroom   Laurie A. Rudman   Peter Glick   Julie E. Phelan     83
(Un)common Knowledge: The Legal Viability of Sexual Harassment Research   Louise F. Fitzgerald   Linda L. Collinsworth     103
Subjectivity in the Appraisal Process: A Facilitator of Gender Bias in Work Settings   Madeline E. Heilman   Michelle C. Haynes     127
Psychological Science on Legal System Processes     157
Eyewitness Identification: Issues in Common Knowledge and Generalization   Gary L. Wells   Lisa E. Hasel     159
Repressed and Recovered Memory   Elizabeth F. Loftus   Maryanne Garry   Harlene Hayne     177
Expert Testimony on the Psychology of Confessions: A Pyramidal Framework of the Relevant Science   Saul M. Kassin     195
Polygraph Testing   William G. Iacono     219
Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death Penalty Law   Phoebe C. Ellsworth   Samuel R. Gross     237
Pretrial Publicity: Effects, Remedies, and Judicial Knowledge   Margaret Bull Kovera   Sarah M. Greathouse     261
Media Violence, Aggression, and Public Policy   Craig A. Anderson   Douglas A. Gentile     281
Commentaries     301
The Limits of Science in the Courtroom   David L. Faigman     303
Research on Eyewitness Testimony and False Confessions   Margaret A. Berger     315
Commentary on Research Relevant to Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment   Barbara A. Gutek     327
The Tenuous Bridge Between Research and Reality: The Importance of Research Design in Inferences Regarding Work Behavior   Frank J. Landy      341
Psychological Contributions to Evaluating Witness Testimony   Shari Seidman Diamond     353
Beyond Common-sense Understandings of Sex and Race Discrimination   R. Richard Banks     367
Behavioral Realism in Law: Reframing the Discussion About Social Science's Place in Antidiscrimination Law and Policy   Linda Hamilton Krieger     383
Index     399
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