Beyond Individualism: Reconstituting the Liberal Self [NOOK Book]

Overview

In the examination of the conception of human nature, a duality is commonly perceived—the liberal self as atomistic, self-contained, even selfish; and the communitarian self as socially situated and defined through its environment. Crittenden argues that neither view is acceptable, drawing on recent psychological research to expound on a theory of "compound individuality." This work includes a discussion of the compound individual as the self of liberalism, as well as a discussion of the sort of political ...

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Beyond Individualism: Reconstituting the Liberal Self

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Overview

In the examination of the conception of human nature, a duality is commonly perceived—the liberal self as atomistic, self-contained, even selfish; and the communitarian self as socially situated and defined through its environment. Crittenden argues that neither view is acceptable, drawing on recent psychological research to expound on a theory of "compound individuality." This work includes a discussion of the compound individual as the self of liberalism, as well as a discussion of the sort of political organization that can generate personal identity constituted by liberal autonomy and communitarian sociality.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Beyond Individualism shows us that there are other choices besides liberal atomism and communitarian nostalgia. It is something that we already should have known, but Crittenden is right to have reminded us."—American Political Science Review

"An important contribution on a topic of "self," which has no clearly defined disciplinary home.... The book is forcefully argued...well written, and accessible to readers lacking knowledge in many relevant disciplines.... A welcome addition to an important area of study."—Great Plains Sociologist

"This is an important book, novel and highly suggestive."—Ethics

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195360899
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 8/13/1992
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 361 KB

Table of Contents

Introduction 3
I Behind Individualism
1 The Disposition of the Self 13
Charles Taylor: The Disengaged Self Versus the Strong Evaluator 14
Alasdair MacIntyre: Individualism Versus Narrative Unity 21
Michael Sandel: The Unencumbered Self Versus the Socially Situated Self 28
The Self as a Two-Track System 34
2 The Theory of Compound Individuality 38
Piaget's Cognitive Structures 39
The Self-system: Process and Product 42
Membership Versus Autonomy 44
Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development 52
Critiques of Kohlberg 60
Liberal and Communitarian Selves Revisited 63
II Beyond Individualism
3 Autonomous Selfhood: Individualism Versus Compound Individuality 73
Defining Autonomy 74
Individualism 77
Contextualism and Compound Individuality 82
Practicing Contextualism 91
4 Political Participation: Self-development and Self-interest 96
Participation as Cultivation of Character 97
Mirroring: Habits of the Heart 100
Empirical Support for Participation as Self-development 104
Outcomes: Generating the Common Good 108
Transforming Self-interests 114
Rousseau's Self-interest Properly Understood 117
Transcending Self-interest 122
Why Obey? 124
5 Veneration of Community 129
What Is Community? 130
Communitarians on Community 135
Total Community 137
Participation and Liberal Community 142
III Reconstituting the Liberal Self
6 Socrates in a Pluralistic Tradition 149
Retrospective 149
Modern or "New" Liberals 154
A New Liberal Psychology 160
The Bugbear of Relativism 163
Liberal Virtues and the Good Life 168
Liberal Politics 172
Liberal Lessons from Communitarianism 177
Notes 183
Bibliography 209
Index 224
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