Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Free Trade / Edition 1

Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Free Trade / Edition 1

by Douglas S. Massey, Jorge Durand, Nolan J. Malone, Nolan J. Malone
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0871545896

ISBN-13: 9780871545893

Pub. Date: 03/01/2002

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

Migration between Mexico and the United States is part of a historical process of increasing North American integration. This process acquired new momentum with the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, which lowered barriers to the movement of goods, capital, services, and information. But rather than include labor in this new regime, the

Overview

Migration between Mexico and the United States is part of a historical process of increasing North American integration. This process acquired new momentum with the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, which lowered barriers to the movement of goods, capital, services, and information. But rather than include labor in this new regime, the United States continues to resist the integration of the labor markets of the two countries. Instead of easing restrictions on Mexican labor, the United States has militarized its border and adopted restrictive new policies of immigrant disenfranchisement. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors examines the devastating impact of these immigration policies on the social and economic fabric of the Mexico and the United States, and calls for a sweeping reform of the current system.

Beyond Smoke and Mirrors shows how U.S. immigration policies enacted between 1986-1996—largely for symbolic domestic political purposes—harm the interests of Mexico, the United States, and the people who migrate between them. The costs have been high. The book documents how the massive expansion of border enforcement has wasted billions of dollars and hundreds of lives, yet has not deterred increasing numbers of undocumented immigrants from heading north. The authors also show how the new policies unleashed a host of unintended consequences: a shift away from seasonal, circular migration toward permanent settlement; the creation of a black market for Mexican labor; the transformation of Mexican immigration from a regional phenomenon into a broad social movement touching every region of the country; and even the lowering of wages for legal U.S. residents. What had been a relatively open and benign labor process before 1986 was transformed into an exploitative underground system of labor coercion, one that lowered wages and working conditions of undocumented migrants, legal immigrants, and American citizens alike.

Beyond Smoke and Mirrors offers specific proposals for repairing the damage. Rather than denying the reality of labor migration, the authors recommend regularizing it and working to manage it so as to promote economic development in Mexico, minimize costs and disruptions for the United States, and maximize benefits for all concerned. This book provides an essential "user's manual" for readers seeking a historical, theoretical, and substantive understanding of how U.S. policy on Mexican immigration evolved to its current dysfunctional state, as well as how it might be fixed.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780871545893
Publisher:
Russell Sage Foundation
Publication date:
03/01/2002
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Ghost in the Machine: Interventions in the Mexico-U.S. Immigration System 1 CHAPTER 2 Principles of Operation: Theories of International Migration 7 CHAPTER 3 System Assembly: A History of Mexico-U.S. Migration 24 CHAPTER 4 System Specifications: Empirical Parameters and Constants in the U.S.-Mexican Immigration System, 1965 to 1985 52 CHAPTER 5 A Wrench in the Works: U.S. Immigration Policies After 1986 73 CHAPTER 6 Breakdown: Failure in the Post-1986 U.S. Immigration System 105 CHAPTER 7 Repair Manual: U.S. Immigration Policies for a New Century 142

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