Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian

Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian

by Bernhard Bischoff
     
 

This volume includes the first edition of a previously unknown text which throws wholly new light on the intellectual history of early medieval Europe. The biblical commentaries (never before printed or studied) represent the teaching of two extraordinarily gifted Greek scholars who came to England from the Byzantine East. Theodore, archbishop of Canterbury (668-90)… See more details below

Overview

This volume includes the first edition of a previously unknown text which throws wholly new light on the intellectual history of early medieval Europe. The biblical commentaries (never before printed or studied) represent the teaching of two extraordinarily gifted Greek scholars who came to England from the Byzantine East. Theodore, archbishop of Canterbury (668-90) and his colleague Hadrian (d. 710) established a school in Canterbury, to which they brought a wealth of experience and learning. These scholars applied their knowledge to the exposition of the Bible to a small group of Anglo-Saxon scholars, who recorded their teaching. The commentaries throw new light on the range of subjects which were taught in Canterbury at the time: medicine, philosophy, rhetoric, Roman civil law, as well as the biblical text itself, illustrating what was undoubtedly the high point of biblical scholarship between late antiquity and the Renaissance. Because both Hadrian and Theodore were from Greek-speaking parts of the Roman empire, their commentaries reveal new links between the Byzantine East and the Latin West in the seventh century. The present commentaries, found by Professor Bischoff in Milan in 1936, constitute one of the most important medieval texts discovered this century. The edition is introduced by substantial chapters on the intellectual background of the texts, their manuscript sources, the lives and milieux of the two Greek scholars. The Latin texts themselves are accompanied by facing English tranalations and extensive notes.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521033473
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2006
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England Series, #10
Pages:
628
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 1.38(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
List of abbreviations
1Introduction1
2Archbishop Theodore5
3Abbot Hadrian82
4Theodore and Hadrian in England133
5The sources of the Canterbury biblical commentaries190
6The nature of the Canterbury biblical commentaries243
7The manuscripts275
Texts and translations297
First commentary on the Pentateuch (PentI)298
Supplementary commentary on Genesis, Exodus and the gospels (Gn-Ex-EvIa)386
Second commentary on the gospels (EvII)396
Commentary to the texts425
Appendix I: Additional manuscript witnesses to the Milan biblical commentaries533
Appendix II: Two metrological treatises from the school of Canterbury561
Fig. 1 Cilicia and Syria566
Fig. 2 Constantinople in the seventh century567
Fig. 3 Churches and monasteries of seventh-century Rome568
Fig. 4 Cyrenaica and the Pentapolis569
Fig. 5 Campania and the Bay of Naples570
Fig. 6 Palestine571
Bibliography572
Index of Old English words quoted in the texts588
Index of Greek words quoted in the texts589
Index of names cited in the texts591
General index594

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